GaBi Solutions

Extension database XXI: India

Process nameCountryTypeData source

Acetic acid from methanol
from methanol;
production mix, at plant;
1.049 g/cm3

INaggts

Adipic acid (import mix)
via cyclohexane;
consumption mix (import mix), at consumer;
1.37 g/cm3, 146.14 g/mol

INaggts

Air dried sawn timber
air dried and sawn;
single route, at plant;
655 kg/m3, moisture content of 15%

INaggts

Aircrete (500 kg/m3)
from sand or pulverized fuel ash, cement, lime, anhydrite and an aeration agent;
single route, at plant;
500 kg/m3

INaggts

Alumina
Bayer's process; Bauxite to alumina conversion;
production mix, at plant;
Al2O3; melting point - 2,072 C; density - 3.95 g/m3; molar mass - 101.96 g/mol

INaggts

Aluminium chloride (estimation)
chlorination of alumium or alumina;
production mix, at plant;
2.44 g/cm3 (anhydrous)

INaggts

Aluminium extrusion profile
primary production;
single route, at plant;
aluminium semi-finished extrusion product, primary production

INaggts

Aluminium extrusion profile (window frame)
aluminium extrusion, window composition;
single route, at plant;
weight 2.03 kg/m

INp-aggts

Aluminium ingot
primary production;
production mix, at plant;
aluminium ingot product, primary production

INaggts

Aluminium ingot (secondary)
recycling of scrap to aluminium ingot;
production mix, at plant;
2.70 g/cm3, 26.98 g/mol

INp-aggts

Aluminium profile cladding (single layer)
aluminium sheet bending;
single route, at plant;
2800 kg/m3

INaggts

Aluminium sheet
primary production from ingot;
production mix, at plant;
aluminium sheet, 0.2-2 mm

INaggts

Aluminium sheet
primary production from ingot;
single route, at plant;
aluminium sheet, 0.2-2 mm

INaggts

Aluminium thin composite panel
aluminium sheet production, panel production;
single route, at plant;
4 mm thickness, 5.5 kg/m2

INaggts

Ammonia (NH3) by-product carbon dioxide (NH3/CO2)
Haber-Bosch process, from natural gas;
production mix, at plant;
0.73 kg/m³

INaggts

Ammonium nitrate (AN, solution)
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
1.725 g/cm3; nitrogen content 52%

INaggts

Aniline (phenyl amine, amino benzene)
catalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene;
production mix, at plant;
1.02 g/cm3 (liquid)

INaggts

Argon (gaseous)
air fractionation;
production mix, at plant

INaggts

Asphalt shingles
bitumen blowing;
single route, at plant;
Fiberglass 2%, Asphalt 20%, Limestone 37%, Granules 25%, Coal slag 8%, Sand 6%, Dolomite 1%

INaggts

Assembly line THT/SMD (1TP,1SP,1CS,1WO,1Rf) throughput 600/h
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
THT/SMD (1TP,1SP,1CS,1WO,1Rf) throughput 600/h

INp-aggts

BF slag
BF route;
production mix, at plant;
assemblage of Ca-Al-Mg silicates

INaggts

BF Steel billet / slab / bloom (economic allocation)
BF route;
single route, at plant;
crude steel with economic allocation of by products

INp-aggts

Brick
clay extraction, brick production;
production mix, at plant;
Density: 1760 kg/m3

INaggts

Capacitor Al-capacitor axial THT (21g) D21x40
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
(21g) D21x40

INaggts

Capacitor Al-capacitor axial THT (300mg) D3.3x11
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
(300mg) D3.3x11

INaggts

Capacitor ceramic MLCC 0201 (0.17mg) D 0.6x0.3x0.3
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
(0.17mg) D 0.6x0.3x0.3

INaggts

Capacitor film-capacitor boxed RM15 (3.2g) 17.7x10x16.5
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
(3.2g) 17.7x10x16.5

INaggts

Capacitor tantal SMD E (500mg) 7.3x4.3x4.1
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
(500mg) 7.3x4.3x4.1

INaggts

Caprolactam (from cyclohexane)
from cyclohexane;
production mix, at plant;
1.01 g/cm3, 113 g/mol

INaggts

Carbon dioxide (CO2) by-product ammonia (NH3) (economic allocation)
from ammonia synthesis, NH3/CO2;
production mix, at plant;
Liquid density 770 kg/m3 (at 56 atm and 20 °C)

INaggts

Carbon monoxide via synthesis gas
gasification of natural gas, cryogenic separation of carbon monoxide and hydrogen;
single route, at plant;
1.25 kg/m3, 28.01 g/mol

INaggts

Cement (average)
gravel mining, grinding, homogenisation and clinkering;
production mix, at plant

INaggts

Cement (ordinary portland cement)
gravel mining, grinding, homogenisation and clinkering;
production mix, at plant

INaggts

Cement (pozzolan portland cement)
gravel mining, grinding, homogenisation and clinkering;
production mix, at plant

INaggts

Cement based plaster
Mixing of ordinary portland cement, sand and water;
production mix, at plant;
density: 2200 kg/m3

INaggts

Cement with PFA (30%)
Raw material mixing and blending;
Production mix, at plant;
30% PFA

INaggts

Cement/lime render for external wall finishes
Primary Production;
production mix, at plant;
water/OPC cement/ Lime/sand- 0.9: 1: 1: 6

INaggts

Clay roofing tile
clay extraction, tile production;
single route, at plant;
1kg, area density 54 kg/m2

INaggts

Coil miniature wound SDR0302 (81mg) D3x2.5
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
SDR0302 (81mg) D3x2.5

INaggts

Coil multilayer chip 0402 (1mg) 1x0.5x0.5
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
0402 (1mg) 1x0.5x0.5

INaggts

Coil multilayer chip 1812 (108mg) 4.5x3.2x1.5
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
(108mg) 4.5x3.2x1.5

INaggts

Coil quad-chokes (2.5g) 14.5x13.3x8.0
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
(2.5g) 14.5x13.3x8.0

INaggts

Copper (99.999%; electrolyte copper) production
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
99.999% concentrated

INaggts

Cork Insulation
from cork oak;
single route, at plant;
density 80 kg/m3

INaggts

Corrugated board incl. paper production, average composition
paper production, board production;
production mix, at plant;
paper input grade per kg corrugated board changeable

INp-aggts

Cyclohexane
catalytic hydration of benzene;
production mix, at plant;
0.78 g/cm3, 84.16 g/mol

INaggts

Dense concrete block
preparaing a ready-mix concrete and pumping it into molds;
single route, at plant;
1800 - 2200 kg/m3

INaggts

Dimethylamine
reaction of methanol and ammonia;
production mix, at plant;
by product ethylamine, triethylamine, density 0,67 g·cm−3 (at boiling point 7°C), molar mass 45,08 g·mol−1

INaggts

Diode MELF (130mg) D2.6x5.2
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
MELF (130mg) D2.6x5.2

INaggts

Diode power DO214/219 (93mg) 4.3x3.6x2.3
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
DO214/219 (93mg) 4.3x3.6x2.3

INaggts

Diode signal DO214/219 (14.8mg) 3.9x1.9x1 [based on models 2004-2014]
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
DO214/219 (14.8mg) 3.9x1.9x1

INaggts

DRI Steel billet
Raw material mixing, heating in electric arc furnace, molten metal taken to laddle refining furnace and vacuum degassing;
production mix, at plant;
1600- 1900 kg/m3

INp-aggts

EAF Steel billet
EAF route;
single route, at plant;
crude steel

INp-aggts

Electrogalvanized Steel Sheet
production from hot rolled coil;
single route, at plant;
1kg, typical thickness between 0.3 - 3 mm. typical width between 600 - 2100 mm

INp-aggts

Epoxy Resin
Reaction under specified temperature;
production mix, at plant;
approx. 1.15 g/cm3

INaggts

Ethylene glycol from Ethene and oxygen via EO (estimation)
from ethene and oxygen via EO;
production mix, at plant;
1.11 g/cm3, 62.07 g/mol

INaggts

Ethylene oxide (EO) by-product carbon dioxide from air
oxidation of ethylene with air;
production mix, at plant;
1.93 kg/m3, 44.05 g/mol

INaggts

Expanded polystyrene insulation (EPS)
EPS production from styrene, blowing;
single route, at plant;
density 20 kg/m3

INaggts

FaL-G block
components mixing and moulding;
production mix, at plant;
1760 kg/m3

INaggts

Ferro chrome high carbon
electric smelting of chrome concentrate;
production mix, at plant;
60% chromium, carbon 6-8%

INaggts

Ferrocement panel
raw material production, panel production;
single route, at plant;
1m² with average square weight 86 kg/m², density between 2400 kg/m³

INaggts

Fibre cement board
from cement, silica sand, pulp/cellulose fiber, coating pigment and water;
single route, at plant;
1700 kg/m3

INaggts

Float glass
from sand, soda ash, dolomite, limestone and feldspar;
single route, at plant;
density 2500 kg/m3

INaggts

Flooring adhesive
Made from Polyvinyl Acetate Resins;
Production mix, at plant;
Water: 50%

INaggts

Fly ash
Coal combustion, captured by precipitators and benefication;
production mix, at power plant;
consits of minerals such as potassium oxide, silicon oxide, aluminium oxide

INaggts

Formaldehyde (HCHO; 37%)
catalytic oxidation of methanol then dilution with water;
production mix, at plant;
0.8153 g/cm3

INaggts

Formic acid (methane acid) 85%
from methanol, carbon monoxide and water;
production mix, at plant;
1.220 g/mL, 46.03 g/mol

INaggts

Galvanized Steel Stud
steel sheet forming;
single route, at plant;
1kg, density 7850 kg/m3

INaggts

Glass reinforced concrete
from cement, glass fibres and additives;
single route, at plant;
density 2550 kg/m3

INaggts

Glass wool insulation
glass melting, fibre processing;
single route, at plant;
density between 10 to 100 kg/m3

INp-aggts

Gravel (Granulation 2/32)
mineral extraction, washing, classification, drying;
production mix, at plant;
grain size 2/32

INaggts

Gypsum (CaSO4-beta-hemihydrate) from natural stone
calcination of calcium sulphate;
single route, at plant;
145.15 g/mol

INaggts

Gypsum panel
from gypsum, glass fibres, additives and insulation materials;
single route, at plant;
35 kg/m2

INaggts

Gypsum plaster from natural gypsum
plaster production and onsite installation;
single route, at plant;
area density 3.65 kg/m2

INaggts

Hexamethylenediamine (HMDA; via adipic acid)
via adipic acid;
production mix, at plant;
0.83 g/cm3, 116.21 g/mol

INaggts

Honeycomb brick
clay extraction, brick processing;
single route, at plant;
density 650- 700 kg/m3

INaggts

Hydrated lime (approx. Ca(OH)2) slaking
hydrated lime slaking;
production mix, at plant;
2211 kg/m3

INaggts

IC BGA 144 (360mg) 13X13mm MPU generic (130 nm node)
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(360mg) 13X13mm MPU generic (130 nm node)

INaggts

IC BGA 144 (466mg) 13x13x1.75 [based on models 2004-2014]
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(466mg) 13x13x1.75

INaggts

IC DIP 24 (1.7g) 35.5x8.2 mm CMOS logic (250 nm node)
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(1.7g) 35.5x8.2 mm CMOS logic (250 nm node)

INaggts

IC DIP 24 (2.59g) 35.5x8.2x3.8 [based on models 2004-2014]
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(2.59g) 35.5x8.2x3.8

INaggts

IC PLCC 20 (700mg) 8.9x8.9x3.8 [based on models 2004-2014]
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(700mg) 8.9x8.9x3.8

INaggts

IC PLCC 20 (751mg) 9x9 mm CMOS logic (250 nm node)
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(751 mg) 9x9 mm CMOS logic (250 nm node)

INaggts

IC QFP 240 (6.20g) 32x32x3.4 [based on models 2004-2014]
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
6.20g overall weight, size 32x32x3.4 mm

INaggts

IC SO 20 (500mg) 12.8x7.5x2.3 [based on models 2004-2014]
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(500mg) 12.8x7.5x2.3

INaggts

IC SO 20 (530mg) 12.8x7.5 mm CMOS logic (90nm node)
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(530 mg) 12.8x7.5 mm CMOS logic (90 nm node)

INaggts

IC SSOP 14 (120mg) 6.0x5.3x1.75 [based on models 2004-2014]
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(120mg) 6.0x5.3x1.75

INaggts

IC TQFP 32 (146mg) 5x5 mm MPU generic (130 nm node)
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(146 mg) 5x5 mm CMOS logic (130 nm node)

INaggts

IC TQFP 32 (70mg) 5x5x1.0 [based on models 2004-2014]
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
IC TQFP 32 (70mg) 5x5x1.0

INaggts

IC TSOP 28 (215mg) 8x13.4x1.2 DRAM [based on models 2004-2014]
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(215mg) 8x13.4x1.2 DRAM

INaggts

IC TSOP 28 (232mg) 8x13.4 mm DRAM (57 nm node)
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(232 mg) 8x13.4 mm CMOS logic (57 nm node)

INaggts

IC TSSOP 16 (59mg) 4.4x5.0 mm DRAM (57 nm node)
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(59 mg) 4.4x5.0 mm CMOS logic (57 nm node)

INaggts

IC TSSOP 16 (65mg) 4.4x5.0x1.2 DRAM [based on models 2004-2014]
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(65mg) 4.4x5.0x1.2 DRAM

INaggts

Installed bamboo flooring
bammboo floor production and onsite installation;
single route, at plant;
1kg, area density 5.25 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed carpet (nylon) tile
carpet production and onsite installation;
single route, at plant;
4.04 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed cellulose insulation
fibre production and installation at site;
single route, at plant;
1 kg, density 50 kg/m3

INaggts

Installed cement based terrazzo tile
cement terrazzo production and installation at site;
single route, at plant;
area density 49.5 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed cement floor screed
raw materials mixing;
production mix, at plant;
18.4% cement, 73.3% sand, 12.8% water

INaggts

Installed ceramic glazed floor tiles (17.7 kg/m2)
tile production and installation;
production mix, at plant;
density: 17.7 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed cork flooring
Tree bark sliced and treated with heat and water.;
production mix, at plant;
area density: 2 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed jute (woven) floor (1.9 kg/m2)
fibre production and onsite installation;
single route, at plant;
1kg, area density 1.9 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed linoleum floor
flooring production and onsite installation;
single route, at plant;
area density 2.9 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed multilayer parquet
parquet production and onsite installation;
single route, at plant;
1 kg, area density 6.49 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed stone floor tile (kota stone) (65 kg/m2)
floor tile production and onsite installation;
single route, at plant;
1 kg of tile, area density 65 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed synthetic rubber flooring, (3.3 kg/m2)
rubber flooring production and onsite installation;
single route, at plant;
1kg, area density 3.3 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed vinyl (PVC) flooring
floor production and onsite installation;
single route, at plant;
3.2 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed vitrified unglazed floor tiles
tile production and installation;
production mix, at plant;
Density: 24.2 kg/m2

INaggts

Installed wood block flooring
wood flooring production and onsite installation;
single route, at plant;
1kg, area density 14.4 kg/m2

INaggts

Iron (III) chloride (ferric chloride)
chlorination of scrap iron;
production mix, at plant;
2.898 g/cm3 (anhydrous)

INaggts

Isopropanol
direct hydration of propylene;
single route, at plant;
0.786 g/cm3

INaggts

Kaolin
extraction and processing;
production mix, at plant;
2.16- 2.68 g/cm3

INaggts

Key switch Dip (79mg) 11.39x4.5x1.5
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
(79mg) 11.39x4.5x1.5

INaggts

Kiln dried sawn timber
Kiln dried and sawn;
single route, at plant;
15% moisture

INaggts

Kraftliner (2015) - for use in avoided burden EoL scenario cases
technology mix, by-products tall oil, turpentine, thermal energy sold/used externally;
production mix, at plant;
0.35 kg waste paper input per kg Kraftliner

EU-28p-aggts/FEFCO

Landfill (Municipal household waste)
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment;
production mix (region specific sites), at landfill site;
Net calorific value 9 MJ/kg

INp-aggts

LED THT 5mm (350mg) D5x7
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
5mm (350mg) D5x7

INaggts

Light duty vehicle, Bharat stage II, up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
technology mix;
up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity

INu-sots

Light duty vehicle, Bharat stage III, up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
technology mix;
up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity

INu-sots

Light duty vehicle, Bharat stage IV, up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
technology mix;
up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity

INu-sots

Lightweight block
minerals mixing, moulding;
single route, at plant;
density 1100 kg/m3

INaggts

Lime (CaO)
calcination of limestone;
production mix, at plant;
3.34 g/cm3

INaggts

Lime (CaO; quicklime lumpy)
calcination of limestone;
single route, at plant;
3.34 g/cm3, 56 g/mol

INaggts

Medium density block
minerals mixing, moulding;
single route, at plant;
density 1450 kg/m3

INaggts

Melamin (stami carbon process)
stami carbon process;
production mix, at plant;
1.57 g/cm3, 126.12 g/mol

INaggts

Methanol from natural gas
Lurgi combined reforming process;
production mix, at plant;
0.792 g/cm3

INaggts

Methylene diisocyanate (MDI) by-product hydrochloric acid, methanol
phosgenation of methylenedianiline;
production mix, at plant;
1.23 g/cm3, 250 g/mol

INaggts

Microconcrete roof tiles
From Cement, Sand and water mixture;
Production mix, at plant;
Area Densit: 46 kg/m2

INaggts

Mortar for brick/blockwork (cement based)
Mixing of raw materials;
Production mix, at Plant;
1500 kg/m3

INaggts

Mortar for brick/blockwork (lime based)
Mixing of raw materials;
Production mix, at Plant;
1500 kg/m3

INaggts

Mud plaster
clay and sand extraction, plaster production;
single route, at plant;
1000 kg/m3

INaggts

Nitric acid (100%)
ammonia oxidation process;
production mix, at plant;
100% concentrated

INaggts

Nitric acid (98%)
oxidation of ammonia;
single route, at plant;
98%

INaggts

Nitrobenzene
from benzene via nitration;
production mix, at plant;
1.199 g/cm3, 123.06 g/mol

INaggts

OPC Ready Mix Concrete
mixing cement, water and aggregates;
production mix, at plant;
OPC

INaggts

Oscillator crystal (500mg) 11.05x4.65x2.5
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
(500mg) 11.05x4.65x2.5

INaggts

Particleboard
Wood dust/chips and resin binding under pressure;
production mix, at plant;
Density: 710 kg/m3

INaggts

Phosphogypsum
by-product of phosphoric acid production;
single route, at plant;
1470- 1670 kg/m3

INaggts

Phosphogypsum panel
from calcined gypsum, glass fiber reinforcement, water, thermal insulation, additives;
single route, at plant;
35 kg/m2

INaggts

Phosphoric acid (100%) (wet process)
dihydrate process using sulphuric acid;
production mix, at plant;
100%

INaggts

Plasterboard (Gypsum)
combining gypsum plaster and paper;
single route, at plant;
8.76 kg/m2

INaggts

Plywood board
wood cutting, combining wood veneers;
single route, at plant;
600 kg/m3

INaggts

Polished stone cladding
natural stone extraction;
production mix, to consumer;
density 120 kg/m2

INaggts

Polyaluminium chloride (estimation)
reaction between aluminium hydroxide and sulphuric acid in a reactor;
production mix, at plant;
1.35-1.41 g/cm3, 108.79 g/mol

INaggts

Polyamide 6.6 Granulate (PA 6.6) (HMDA over AN)
from hexamethylene diamine and adipic acid;
production mix, at plant;
1.14 g/cm3, 226.32 g/mol per repeating unit

INaggts

Polyethylene high density granulate (HDPE/PE-HD)
polymerisation of ethylene;
production mix, at plant;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

INaggts

Polyethylene low density granulate (LDPE/PE-LD)
polymerisation of ethylene;
production mix, at plant;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

INaggts

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fibres
reaction of dimethyl terephthalate and ethylene glycol;
production mix, at plant;
192.17 g/mol per chain unit

INaggts

Polyethylene terephthalate bottle grade granulate (PET) via terephthalic acid + EG
via purified terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol;
production mix, at plant;
192.17 g/mol per chain unit

INaggts

Polymeric render for external walls
Raw material mixing and rendering on walls;
production mix, at plant;
3- 5% polymer content

INaggts

Polypropylene granulate (PP)
polymerisation of propene;
production mix, at plant;
0.91 g/cm3, 42.08 g/mol per repeating unit

INaggts

Polyurethane rigid insulation foam (HCFC blown)
reaction between a diisocyanate and a polyol, blowing with pentane;
production mix, at plant;
32 kg/m3

INaggts

Polyurethane rigid insulation foam (pentane blown)
Chemical reaction;
production mix, at plant;
Density: 32 kg/m3

INaggts

Polyvinyl chloride granulate (S-PVC)
polymerisation of vinyl chloride;
production mix, at plant;
62 g/mol per repeating unit

INaggts

Portland slag cement
Cementitious slag by weight added to cement clinker and gypsum stone.;
production mix, at plant;
density: 2000 kg/m3

INaggts

Potassium chloride (agrarian)
potassium chloride mining and processing;
production mix, at plant;
potassium compound content: 60%

INaggts

Precast concrete panels/flooring
combining concrete and wire mesh;
single route, at plant;
2200 kg/m3

INp-aggts

Printed Wiring Board 12-layer rigid FR4 with chem-elec AuNi finish (Subtractive method)
via the subtractive method (as opposed to additive method);
production mix, at plant;
12-layer rigid FR4 with chem-elec AuNi finish (Subtractive method)

INaggts

Printed Wiring Board 12-layer rigid FR4 with HASL finish (Subtractive method)
via the subtractive method (as opposed to additive method);
production mix, at plant;
12-layer rigid FR4 with HASL finish (Subtractive method)

INaggts

Printed Wiring Board 1-layer rigid FR4 with chem-elec AuNi finish (Subtractive method)
via the subtractive method (as opposed to additive method);
production mix, at plant;
1-layer rigid FR4 with chem-elec AuNi finish (Subtractive method)

INaggts

Printed Wiring Board 1-layer rigid FR4 with HASL finish (Subtractive method)
via the subtractive method (as opposed to additive method);
production mix, at plant;
1-layer rigid FR4 with HASL finish (Subtractive method)

INaggts

PVC window frame
PVC production, frame composition;
single route, at plant;
density 2.8 kg/ linear meter of frame

INp-aggts

Rammed Earth
primary production;
production mix, at plant;
Density: 1900 kg/m3

INaggts

Ready Mix Concrete (30% Fly-Ash)
Fly ash by weight added to cement, gravel and sand and mixed together to form concrete.;
production mix, at plant;
density: 2200 kg/m3

INaggts

Ready Mix Concrete with PFA Cement (30% PFA) [M40]
Mixing of raw materials;
production mix, at plant;
Density is 2365 kg/m3, water is 5.7%

INaggts

Ready Mix Concrete with Portland Slag Cement (25% GGBS)
Mixing of Raw Materials;
Production mix, at lant;
Water: 5.7%

INaggts

Resistor flat chip 0402 (0.6mg)
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
0402 (0.6mg)

INaggts

Resistor MELF MMA 0204 (19mg) D1.4x3.6
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
0204 (19mg) D1.4x3.6

INaggts

Resistor thick film flat chip 0402 (0.75mg)
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
0402 (0.75mg)

INaggts

Resistor THT MBA 0204 (125mg) D1.6x3.6
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
0204 (125mg) D1.6x3.6

INaggts

Rice straw bale
from wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice and others;
production mix, at plant;
15% H2O content

INaggts

Sand (Granulation 0/2)
mineral extraction, washing, classification, drying;
production mix, at plant;
grain size 0/2

INaggts

Semichemical Fluting (2015) - for use in avoided burden EoL scenario cases
technology mix, thermal energy sold/used externally;
production mix, at plant;
0.09 kg waste paper input per kg Semichemical Fluting

EU-28p-aggts/FEFCO

Semichemical Fluting (2015) - for use in cut-off EoL scenario cases
technology mix, thermal energy sold/used externally;
production mix, at plant;
0.09 kg waste paper input per kg Semichemical Fluting

EU-28p-aggts/FEFCO

Shotcrete insulated wall
shotcrete spraying onto wall;
single route, at plant;
236 kg/m2

INaggts

Sodium chlorate (from sodium chloride)
Electrolytic oxidation of sodium chloride;
Production mix, at plant;
2.49 g/cm3 (15 °C); 99% purity

INaggts

Sodium nitrate (estimation)
reaction of sodium carbonate with nitrous gases/ nitric acid;
production mix, at plant;
2.26 g/cm3, 84.99 g/mol

INaggts

Solder paste SnAg2.6Cu0.3
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
SnAg2.6Cu0.3

INaggts

Solder paste SnAg3.5
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
SnAg3.5

INaggts

Solder paste SnCu0.7
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
SnCu0.7

INaggts

Solder paste SnPb34Ag2
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
SnPb34Ag2

INaggts

Solder paste SnPb36
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
SnPb36

INaggts

Solder paste SnZn9
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
SnZn9

INaggts

Stabilised Soil Block (10% OPC)
soil extraction and processing, block formation;
single route, at plant;
2000 kg/m3

INaggts

Stabilised Soil Block (10% PFA)
soil extraction and processing, block formation;
single route, at plant;
2000 kg/m3

INaggts

Stabilised Soil Block (10% PSC)
soil extraction and processing, block formation;
single route, at plant;
2000 kg/m3

INaggts

Steel rebar
steel billet rolling and forming;
single route, at plant;
1 kg

INp-aggts

Steel section
steel billet hot rolling;
single route, at plant;
1 kg

INp-aggts

Steel window frame
steel sheet stamping, window composition;
single route, at plant;
weight 2.74 kg/m

INaggts

Stone wool insulation
from diabas/basalt blocks;
single route, at plant;
density between 30 to 180 kg/m3

INaggts

Sulphuric acid aq. (96%)
double conversion double absorption (DCDA) process;
production mix, at plant;
1.84 g/cm3, liquid

INaggts

Synthesis gas (H2: CO = 3: 1) from natural gas
via steam reforming;
production mix, at plant;
75% hydrogen, 25% carbon monoxide

INaggts

Testliner (2015) - for use in avoided burden EoL scenario cases
technology mix, thermal energy sold/used externally;
production mix, at plant;
1.09 kg waste paper input per kg Testliner

EU-28p-aggts/FEFCO

Tile Adhesive
Made from cement, silica sand, calcium carbonate and polymer powder;
production mix, at plant;
Portland cement 40 %, silica sand 50 %, 2.5% polymer powder, limestone is 7.5 %, water 5 %.

INaggts

Timber window frame
wood cutting, window composition, painting;
single route, at plant;
1.23 m x 1.48m

INaggts

Tin
sand extraction and processing, reduction;
production mix, at plant;
118.71 g/mol, 118.71 g/mol

INaggts

Transistor D2PAK TO263 (1.38g) 10.3x9.6x4.5
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(1.38g) 10.3x9.6x4.5

INaggts

Transistor power THT/SMD SOT93/TO218 3 leads (4.70g) 15.5x12.9x4.7
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(4.70g) 15.5x12.9x4.7

INaggts

Transistor signal SOT223 3 leads (110mg) 3.8x7.65x2.3
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(110mg) 3.8x7.65x2.3

INaggts

Transistor THT SOT82 (720mg) 10.6x7.6x2.5
front-end and back-end processing of the wafer, including Czochralski method of silicon growing;
production mix, at plant;
(720mg) 10.6x7.6x2.5

INaggts

Truck, Bharat stage II, 12-14t gross weight / 9.3t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
12-14t gross weight / 9.3t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage II, 14 - 20t gross weight / 11.4t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
14 - 20t gross weight / 11.4t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage II, 20 - 26t gross weight / 17.3t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
20 - 26t gross weight / 17.3t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage II, 26 - 28t gross weight / 18.4t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
26 - 28t gross weight / 18.4t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage II, 28 - 32t gross weight / 22t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
28 - 32t gross weight / 22t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage II, 7.5 t - 12t gross weight / 5t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
7.5 t - 12t gross weight / 5t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage II, more than 32t gross weight / 24.7t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
more than 32t gross weight / 24.7t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage II, up to 7.5t gross weight / 2.7t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
up to 7.5t gross weight / 2.7t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage III, 12-14t gross weight / 9.3t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
12-14t gross weight / 9.3t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage III, 14 - 20t gross weight / 11.4t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
14 - 20t gross weight / 11.4t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage III, 20 - 26t gross weight / 17.3t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
20 - 26t gross weight / 17.3t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage III, 26 - 28t gross weight / 18.4t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
26 - 28t gross weight / 18.4t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage III, 28 - 32t gross weight / 22t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
28 - 32t gross weight / 22t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage III, 7.5 t - 12t gross weight / 5t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
7.5 t - 12t gross weight / 5t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage III, more than 32t gross weight / 24.7t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
more than 32t gross weight / 24.7t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage III, up to 7.5t gross weight / 2.7t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
up to 7.5t gross weight / 2.7t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage IV, 12-14t gross weight / 9.3t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
12-14t gross weight / 9.3t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage IV, 14 - 20t gross weight / 11.4t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
14 - 20t gross weight / 11.4t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage IV, 20 - 26t gross weight / 17.3t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
20 - 26t gross weight / 17.3t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage IV, 26 - 28t gross weight / 18.4t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
26 - 28t gross weight / 18.4t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage IV, 28 - 32t gross weight / 22t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
28 - 32t gross weight / 22t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage IV, 7.5 t - 12t gross weight / 5t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
7.5 t - 12t gross weight / 5t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage IV, more than 32t gross weight / 24.7t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
more than 32t gross weight / 24.7t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck, Bharat stage IV, up to 7.5t gross weight / 2.7t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
up to 7.5t gross weight / 2.7t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck-trailer, Bharat stage II, 28 - 34t gross weight / 22t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
28 - 34t gross weight / 22t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck-trailer, Bharat stage II, 34 - 40t gross weight / 27t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
34 - 40t gross weight / 27t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck-trailer, Bharat stage II, up to 28t gross weight / 12.4t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage II, cargo;
consumption mix;
up to 28t gross weight / 12.4t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck-trailer, Bharat stage III, 28 - 34t gross weight / 22t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
28 - 34t gross weight / 22t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck-trailer, Bharat stage III, 34 - 40t gross weight / 27t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
34 - 40t gross weight / 27t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck-trailer, Bharat stage III, up to 28t gross weight / 12.4t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage III, cargo;
consumption mix;
up to 28t gross weight / 12.4t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck-trailer, Bharat stage IV, 28 - 34t gross weight / 22t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
28 - 34t gross weight / 22t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck-trailer, Bharat stage IV, 34 - 40t gross weight / 27t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
34 - 40t gross weight / 27t payload capacity

INu-sots

Truck-trailer, Bharat stage IV, up to 28t gross weight / 12.4t payload capacity
diesel driven, Bharat stage IV, cargo;
consumption mix;
up to 28t gross weight / 12.4t payload capacity

INu-sots

Underlay/fixing for laminate flooring
polyethylene production, blowing;
single route, at plant;
1kg, area density 0.2 kg/m2

INaggts

Urea (agrarian)
from carbon dioxide and ammonia;
production mix, at plant;
1.32 g/cm3

INaggts

Wellenstoff / Fluting (2015) - for use in avoided burden EoL scenario cases
technology mix, thermal energy sold/used externally;
production mix, at plant;
1.09 kg waste paper input per kg Fluting

EU-28p-aggts/FEFCO

Woodwool board insulation
wood long fibre production and treatment;
single route, at plant;
density between 10 to 100 kg/m3

INaggts