Reference Projects Food & Agriculture

LCA and Eco profiles of agricultural based products

 

Client: Various Industries

 

Objective:Creating LCA datasets for agricultural based products such as ...

 

  • Food sector: sugar from cane, sugar from beet, corn starch, wheat flour, cocoa powder, chocolate drops, coconut, sunflower oil, soy protein, soy bean oil, rape seed oil, linseed oil, palm oil, palm oil shortening, … etc.


  • Biofuel sector: sunflower oil, sun flower methyl ester, soy bean methyl ester, rape seed oil, rape seed methyl ester, jatropha oil, ethanol from straw, ethanol from wheat, ethanol from cane, ethanol from sugar beet, ethanol from corn, SunFuel from wood, … etc.
  • Other: cigarettes

 

Duration: Ongoing

 

LCA and Eco profiles of agricultural production of renewable materials

 

Client: Various Industries

 

Objective:Creating LCA datasets for different agricultural products and various renewable resources (cotton, flax, hemp, soy bean, kenaf, jute, sisal, oil palm, rapeseed, linseed, corn, wheat, triticale, sugar beet, sugarcane, sunflower, coconut tree, cocoa, tobacco, jatropha, poplar short rotation coppice, rubber tree (caoutchouc), pine, , etc…) grown in various countries

 

Duration: Ongoing

 

LCA on Christmas trees

 

Client: ACTA

 

Objective:Comparison of the environmental impacts of an artificial Christmas tree vs. a natural Christmas tree over the entire life cycle including production, processing, manufacture, packaging, transport and end of life.

 

Duration: 2008

 

LCA Database on Renewable Material for GaBi 4 Software

 

Client: ---

 

Objective: Creating, maintaining and updating a LCA database on agricultural production for the Software System GaBi 4.

Fertilizers and pesticides, tractors & passes, agricultural equipment. The database furthermore contents several industrial intermediate products for e. g. producing biopolymers and bio fuels.

 

 

Duration: Ongoing

 

LCA on cigarettes

 

Client: Industry

 

Objective: LCA on the entire life cycle of cigarettes from tobacco production, processing, manufacture, packaging, transport until butt and packaging disposal

 

Duration: 2007 ongoing

 

LCA on different renewable raw materials from agricultural area for BTL production

 

Client: Industry

 

Partner: University of Kassel-Witzenhausen

 

Objective: Complete modeling of the entire chain of SunDiesel (BTL) production starting from agricultural production of different renewable resources and transport via conversion processes up to combustion of SunDiesel in cars. (Duration 2004-2006)

 

Duration: 2004 ongoing

 

Entwicklung mehrlagiger Fassadenplatten aus vergüteten Hölzern für den Außeneinsatz

(Development of multilayer façade panels of modified wood for outdoor application, Short title: “Weatherproof façade panels of modified Wood” (WEFAM-Holz))

 

Client: BMBF composite project (German Federal Ministry of Research and Technology)

 

Partner: Industry, universities and divers research establishments

 

Objective: Evaluation of ecological potentials by increasing the use of wood for façade panels. Purpose of this project is to assess from a market and product point of view the ecological potentials effected by the use of façade panels of weatherproof wood. In addition, by means of project accompanying accounting, ecological optimization potentials are to be ascertained.

 

Duration: 2005 ongoing

 

Download Publication: The final report is available for download here.

 

Duncannon Borough - Manure to Energy (Feasibility Study – Phase II)

 

Client: Land Studies Inc./ Chesapeake Bay Commission

 

Objective: A Life Cycle Assessment was performed for the Chesapeake Bay Region (USA) to allow an environmental comparison between the current practice of spreading chicken litter on the local fields and the proposed practice of utilizing the chicken litter as a biomass fuel source to generate electricity. Environmental impacts have been calculated for different scenarios to get information on how the environmental impacts will change when the chicken litter is burned to produce energy (future scenario) instead of used as fertilizer in corn production (current scenario). A complete system with defined system boundaries and functional units was set up to be able to compare the scenarios.

 

Duration: 2007

 

Team: Steven Baer (Five Winds; Project Lead), Nuno da Silva, Dr. Sabine Deimling, Dr. Martin Baitz

 

Download Publication

Manure_to_Energy_Feasibility_Study.pdf

Auswertung von Studien zur ökologischen Betrachtung von nachwachsenden Rohstoffen bei einer stofflichen Nutzung

(Analysis of studies regarding the environmental performance of renewables from agriculture and forestry in material use)

 

Client: Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection

 

Objective: The objective of the study is to provide the ministry with comparable information on the environmental performance of different materials and products based on renewables (such as celluloses, fibres, fats, oils, proteins, starches and other polysaccharides). The study will focus on the material use of renewables, not on the use as energy.

 

Duration: 2007

 

Download Publication: Study and Annex (in German) are available at FNR-website

 

Literature study: Bio-Ethanol production in Brazil

 

Client: Industry

 

Objective: Collection and summary of available data from literature on the environmental performance of the bio-ethanol production from sugar cane in Brazil

 

Duration: 2007

 

Überprüfung der Möglichkeiten einer landwirtschaftlichen Erzeugung von Bioenergieträgern als Alternative zu intensiven Ackerbaukulturen mit dem Ziel der Nitratsanierung des Grundwassers

 

Kurztitel: Grundwasserschonende Bioenergieerzeugung

(Ground water sparing bio-energy production)

 

 

Client: Badenova AG & Co KG

 

Partner: Agentur für nachhaltige Nutzung von Agrarlandschaften (ANNA, Germany) and Agroscope Reckenholz (FAL, Switzerland)

 

Objective: Evaluation of ecological potentials by increasing the use of wood for façade panels. Purpose of this project is to assess from a market and product point of view the ecological potentials effected by the use of façade panels of weatherproof wood. In addition, by means of project accompanying accounting, ecological optimization potentials are to be ascertained.

 

Duration: 2005-2007

 

Download Publication: Final Report and Annex (in German):

HÖLSCHER, T., DEIMLING, S., FREIERMUTH KNUCHEL, R., KÄGI, T., GAILLARD, G. & MÜLLER-SÄMANN, K. & (2007): Energieproduktion aus landwirtschaftlicher Biomasse am Oberrhein - Auswirkungen für Landwirtschaft und Umwelt. Endbericht zum Projekt des Innovationsfonds Klima- und Wasserschutz der badenova AG, 59 Seiten & gesonderter Anhang. (see: www.pe-international.com/resources)

FREIERMUTH KNUCHEL, R., KÄGI, T., HÖLSCHER, T. MÜLLER-SÄMANN, K. & DEIMLING, S. (2006): Bioenergiekulturen in Südbaden: Energetische Nutzung und Nitratsanierung des Grundwassers. Kurzvortrag am 30. Diskussionsforum Ökobilanzen, 28. November 2006, Bern-Ittingen. www.lcainfo.ch/DF/default.htm

FREIERMUTH KNUCHEL, R., KÄGI, T., GAILLARD, G., DEIMLING, S., MÜLLER-SÄMANN, K. & HÖLSCHER, T. (2007): Life Cycle Assessment of energy crops with focus on ground water protection in South Germany. Poster presentation, SETAC Europe Annual Meeting, Porto, 20. - 24. Mai 2007.

 

 

Sustainability of packaging systems for fruit and vegetable transport in Europe on basis of life cycle analysis

 

Client: Stiftung Initiative Mehrweg (SIM)

 

Partner: LBP University of Stuttgart

 

Objective: Analysis of the environmental impacts of the production, utilization and “end of life” of three packaging systems (wooden crates, cardboard boxes, polymer crates). This includes the individual distribution systems (one-way and multi-way).

The study also includes cost factors over the entire life cycle and considers social characteristics of the products and process chains.

 

 

Duration: 2005-2009

 

Download Publication: The final report and the update 2009 are available for download here.

 

Ökologische Potenziale durch Holznutzung gezielt fördern

(Effectively promoting ecological potentials by the use of wood)

 

Client: BMBF composite project (German Federal Ministry of Research and Technology)

 

Partner: University of Hamburg, IKP University of Stuttgart, Knauf Consulting

 

 

Objective: This scientific project is an assessment of the ecological market potentials of a shift from one to another product group. The example in this project is the shift from non-wooden products to wood products and the extension of demand for wood products. It delivers guidelines for companies active in the wood product market or other (political) actors interested on the ecological market potentials.

 

Duration: 2005-2007

 

Life Cycle Analyse von SunDiesel

 

Client: Volkswagen AG and DaimlerChrysler

 

Objective: Complete modeling of the entire chain of SunDiesel production starting from forestry production (residual wood versus primary wood) and transport via conversion processes up to combustion of SunDiesel in cars.

 

Duration: 2003-2004

 

Download Publication: The final report is available for download here.

 

LCA study on the environmental performance of biodegradable plastics during end of life

(LCA-Studie über die Umweltwirkung von biologisch abbaubaren Kunststoffen im End of Life)

 

Client: PE ASIA

 

Objective: The study demonstrates that incineration of biodegradable plastic (on the basis of poly lactic acid) is more sustainable than simply disposing it. For the presentation of the results different emissions (CO2, N2O) as well as energy consumption were selected. At the end the advantage of the incineration regarding sustainability is obvious in comparison to the land filling of biodegradable plastics.

 

Duration: 2003-2004

 

Publication: Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan Volume 29, No. 5, ISSN 1382-3469, page 1875 - 1878, August 2004.

 

Ökobilanz Getränkeverpackungen – Erweiterung um Szenarien für Getränke-Verbundkartons

(Life cycle optimization of beverage packaging – Scenario enlargement for beverage composite boards)

 

Client: Stiftung Initiative Mehrweg (SIM)

 

Partner: LBP University of Stuttgart

 

Objective: The study is an enlargement of the UBA-study “LCA of baverage packaging II” published in 2000. Due to major changes at the beverage packaging market in recent years (concerning size, equipment material composition and “end of life”), a revision of the results seemed necessary.

 

Duration: 2003

 

Machbarkeitsstudie: Innenraum- und Fassadenfarben mit nachwachsenden Rohstoffen

(Feasibility study: Interior and façade paints from renewable resources)

 

Client: German Federal Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture, Agency of Renewable Resources (FNR)

 

Partner: LCS, Sto and BASF

 

Objective: In a project sponsored by the Agency of Renewable Resources (FNR), Germany, the potential for adopting renewable resources (particularly starch) substituting petrochemical products in the formulation of paints (with a focus on paints for interiors and facades) was systematically examined. The LCAs have shown that distinct potentials for the development of paints based on renewable resources could be identified as early as with the first attempt.

 

Duration: 2001 – 2003

 

Download Publication: Innenraum- und Fassadenfarben mit Nachwachsenden Rohstoffen, M. Harsch, B. Schuler, M. Güntert, S. Deimling und M. Betz (2003)

In: Nachwachsende Rohstoffe für die Chemie, 8. Symposium am 26. und 27. März 2003, Universität Tübingen, Landwirtschaftsverlag GmbH, Münster, Page 242 ff.

The final report is available for download here.

 

Life Cycle Analysis of Biodiesel from used vegetable oil

 

Client: Industry

 

Objective: Environmental profile of biodiesel produced out of used vegetable oil and primary biodiesel from palm oil, rapeseed and soy bean.

 

Duration: 2001-2003

LCA of seat cover

 

Client: Industry

 

Objective: Eco-profiles of different seat cover materials (leather, leatherette (PVC, PUR), Alcantara, cotton, wool)

 

 

Duration: 2001-2002

Thermische Verwertung von Holzprodukten

(Thermal use of wooden products – input dependant modeling of the End-of-Life processes of wood)

 

Client: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Holzforschung und Holzabsatzfonds

 

Objective: Various energy recovery facilities for wooden products were examined and modeled. Eco-profiles were developed, depending on the technical standard of the machinery and the product’s relative content of actual wood. These showed which of the internal analyses and optimum realization concepts for wood products would fulfil, or even exceed, legal requirements.

 

Duration: 2001 – 2002

 

Download Publication: www.oekobilanzen-holz.de/ThermV.pdf

 

Leitfaden: Kommunikation umweltrelevanter Kennzahlen für die Holzbranche

(Communication of environmentally relevant indicators for the wood industry)

 

Client: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Holzforschung und Holzabsatzfonds

 

Objective: The guideline assists companies of the forest and wood-based industries as well as the wood-manufacturing industry to better communication their environmental advantages. The guideline enables the wood industry to effectively prepare and profitably adopt internal established (environmental) information. It highlights how environmentally relevant data can be generated pragmatically, and provides most value for the company or business, its employees and customers, and finally the environment.

 

Duration: 2001 – 2002

 

Download Publication: www.oekobilanzen-holz.de/Leitfaden.pdf

 

Natural fibre-reinforced automotive parts

 

Client: Industry

 

Objective: Modelling of detailed LCI-datasets of cropping, processing and part production of fibre-fleeces and other fibre-reinforced parts of various primary and recycled natural fibres (flax, hemp, cotton, sisal, coconut, wood fibre etc.)

 

 

Duration: 2000

Situationsanalyse Getränkeverpackungen

(Situation analysis for beverage packaging)

 

Client: Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie

 

Objective: The study is a critical analysis of the results obtained in the UBA-study “LCA of baverage packaging II” published in 2000.

 

Duration: 2000

Maximaler Einsatz nachwachsender Rohstoffe in Gebäuden

(Renewable raw materials in buildings – maximium use)

 

Client: BMBF and MLR

 

Objective:Maximale Nutzung von nachwachsenden Rohstoffen zur Förderung regionaler Stoffkreisläufe - Beurteilung der Hemmnisse und Möglichkeiten auf dem Gebiet des Bauwesens

 

Duration: 1999 – 2001

 

Download Publication: Projekt-Zwischenbericht (2000), Abschlussbericht (2009)

 

End of Life Processes of wooden products

 

Client: Multi client project

 

Objective: LCA Model of incineration of different wooden products

 

 

Duration: 1997-2000


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