GaBi Solutions

Extension database X: Manufacturing processes

Process nameCountryTypeData source

Air drying
Air drying of food products using a Fluidized Bed Dryer;
single route, at plant

GLOu-sots

Aluminium cast part machining (0,02 - 0,04 kg chip )
specific technology;
single route, at plant;
0.02 - 0.04 kg chip

DEu-sots

Aluminium cast part machining (0,02 - 0,3kg chip )
specific technology;
single route, at plant;
0.02 - 0.3kg chip

DEu-sots

Aluminium cast part machining (complex)
specific technology;
single route, at plant;
complex

DEu-sots

Aluminium cast part machining (standard)
specific technology;
single route, at plant;
Standard

DEu-sots

Aluminium laser welding (1 to 3.5mm depth; including aluminium welding wire)
single route, at plant;
1 to 3.5 depth, including aluminium welding wire

GLOu-sots

Aluminium laser welding (1 to 3.5mm depth; without welding wire)
single operation, at producer;
1 to 3.5 depth, without welding wire

GLOu-sots

Aluminium machining (19 kg shavings per 1 kg part)
specific technology;
single route, at plant;
19 kg shavings per 1 kg part

GLOu-sots

Aluminium sheet (1 to 3mm) spot welding
spot welding;
single route, at plant;
1 to 3mm

GLOu-sots

Aluminium sheet (2 to 3mm) MIG welding
spot welding with MIG;
single route, at plant;
2 to 3 mm

GLOu-sots

Aluminium sheet clinching
single route, at plant

GLOu-sots

Aluminium sheet deep drawing (adjustable)
deep drawing;
single route, at plant;
adjustable

DEu-sots

Aluminium sheet punch riveting (semi-tubular rivet ; 2 - 5,5mm)
single route, at plant;
semi-tubular rivet ; 2 - 5,5mm

GLOu-sots

Blasting (1 m² steel part)
single route, at plant;
1 m2 steel part

GLOu-sots

Bonderise (1 m² zinc bondering)
zinc bondering;
single route, at plant;
1 m2

GLOu-sots

Cast iron machining (0,05 - 1kg chip)
specific technology;
single route, at plant;
0.05 - 1kg chip

DEu-sots

Chilled & frozen cold storage
Storage of products in a cold store operating under user-defined chilling/freezing conditions;
single route, at plant

GLOu-sots

Compounding (plastics)
single route, at plant

GLOu-sots

Copper wire (0.06 mm)
wire drawing;
single route, at plant;
0.06mm

DEu-sots

Copper wire (0.6 mm)
wire drawing;
single route, at plant;
0.6mm

DEu-sots

Drop-forging
single route, at plant

GLOu-sots

Drum drying
Drum drying;
single route, at plant;
Drying product on a drum dryer

GLOu-sots

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix;
consumption mix, to consumer;
<1kV

EU-28aggts

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix;
consumption mix, to consumer;
<1kV

USaggts

Electrolytic galvanisation (1 m² steel sheet part; electrolytic)
electrolytic bath;
single route, at plant;
1 m2 steel sheet part

GLOu-sots

Freeze drying
Freeze drying of food products;
single route, at plant;
Production of dried food in a batch process

GLOu-sots

Grinding (0,01 kg shavings per 1 kg part)
single route, at plant;
0.01kg shavings per 1 kg part

GLOu-sots

Individual quick freezing
Individual quick freezing (IQF) of food products;
single route, at plant;
Production of quick frozen food in a typical tunnel freezer

GLOu-sots

Infrared Thermoforming (LD-PE Part, Ceramic at 950°F/510°C)
Ceramic at 950°F/510°C;
production mix, at plant;
LD-PE Part

EU-28p-aggts

Infrared Thermoforming (LD-PE Part, Ceramic at 950°F/510°C)
Ceramic at 950°F/510°C;
production mix, at plant;
LD-PE Part

USp-aggts

Infrared Thermoforming (LDPE, HDPE, PS, PVC, PMMA, PA-6)
production mix, at plant

GLOu-sots

Infrared Thermoforming (PMMA Part, Quartz at 1400°F/760°C)
Quartz at 1400°F/760°C;
production mix, at plant;
PMMA Part

USp-aggts

Infrared Thermoforming (PMMA Part, Quartz at 1400°F/760°C)
Quartz at 1400°F/760°C;
production mix, at plant;
PMMA Part

EU-28p-aggts

Magnesium die-cast part
single route, at plant

DEu-sots

Municipal waste water treatment (agricultural sludge application)
technology mix;
production mix, at plant;
agricultural sludge application

EU-28aggts

Polyamide 6.6 (PA 6.6) GF injection moulded part (0,02 - 0,2kg)
injection moulding;
single route, at plant;
0.02-0.2kg

DEu-sots

Polypropylene (PP) injection moulded part
injection moulding;
single route, at plant;
PP injection moulded

DEu-sots

Polypropylene / Ethylene Propylene Diene Elastomer Granulate (PP/EPDM, TPE-O) injection moulded part
injection moulding;
single route, at plant

DEu-sots

Polyurethane Rigid Foam (PUR) part
Reaction Injection Moulding (RIM);
single route, at plant;
hard foam

DEu-sots

Polyurethane RRIM (PUR-RRIM) part
Reinforced Reaction Injection Moulding (RRIM);
single route, at plant

DEu-sots

Process steam from natural gas 90%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning;
production mix, at heat plant;
MJ, 90% efficiency

EU-28aggts

Process steam from natural gas 90%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning;
production mix, at heat plant;
MJ, 90% efficiency

USaggts

Product

GLOu-sots

Punching steel sheet small part
single route, at plant

GLOu-sots

Scouring (Deburring)
single route, at plant

GLOu-sots

Steam conversion (lp)
technology mix;
consumption mix, at plant;
2,78 MJ/kg

GLOu-sots

Steel cast part alloyed (automotive)
single route, at plant

DEu-sots

Steel cast part machining
single route, at plant

DEu-sots

Steel forging part (0.4 to 1.0kg)
single route, at plant;
0.4 to 1.0 kg

DEu-sots

Steel high-alloyed machining (0,47 kg shavings per 1 kg part)
single route, at plant;
0.47 kg shavings per 1 kg part

GLOu-sots

Steel laser cutting
single route, at plant

GLOu-sots

Steel laser welding (1 to 4mm depth)
single route, at plant;
1 to 4mm depth

GLOu-sots

Steel sheet (1 to 3mm) spot welding
spot welding;
single route, at plant;
1 to 3mm (sheet thickness adjustable)

GLOu-sots

Steel sheet (1 to 4mm) MIG/MAG welding
MIG/MAG welding;
single route, at plant;
1 to 4mm (sheet thickness adjustable) ; protection gas CO2/argon (ratio adjustable)

GLOu-sots

Steel sheet clinching
single route, at plant

GLOu-sots

Steel sheet punch riveting (semi-tubular rivet ; 2 - 5,5mm)
punch riveting;
single route, at plant;
semi-tubular rivet ; 2 - 5.5mm

GLOu-sots

Steel turning (adjustable)
single route, at plant;
adjustable

DEu-sots

Steel wire rod
steel wire production from steel billet;
single route, at plant;
carbon steel

DEp-aggts

Stress relief welded part (280°C)
single route, at plant;
280 C

GLOu-sots

Thermal energy from natural gas
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning;
production mix, at heat plant;
100% efficiency

EU-28aggts

Thermal energy from natural gas
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning;
production mix, at heat plant;
100% efficiency

USaggts

Titanium machining (1,86 kg shavings per 1 kg part)
single route, at plant;
1.86kg shavings per 1 kg part

GLOu-sots

Vulcanisation of synthetic rubber (without additives)
Production of rubber parts by vulcanisation of SBR/NBR, not to be used for Natural Rubber NR;
single route, at plant

GLOu-sots

Washing/Degreasing (1 m² steel part)
single route, at plant;
1 m2 steel part

GLOu-sots

Waste water treatment (metal processing)
production mix (region specific plants), at waste water treatment plant;
untreated waste water from metal processing

GLOu-sots

Water (deionised)
reverse osmosis, from surface water;
single route, at plant;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

EU-28aggts

Water deionized
highly pure, via ion exchange, from hydrochloric acid and caustic soda;
single route, at plant;
1 kg/l

USaggts

Welding seam 1m (including welding wire)
single route, at plant;
including welding wire

GLOu-sots

Welding seam 1m (without welding wire; aluminium part)
single operation, at producer;
without welding wire; aluminium part

GLOu-sots

Welding seam 1m (without welding wire; steel part)
single operation, at producer;
without welding wire; steel part

GLOu-sots