GaBi Solutions

ReCiPe

ReCiPe

 

Description

The ReCiPe LCA methodology was created by RIVM, CML , PRé Consultants, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen and CE Delft. The group of authors include the developers of the CML 2001 and Ecoindicator 99 methodologies.

ReCiPe can be seen as a fusion of the two methodologies, taking the midpoint indicators from CML and the endpoint indicators from Ecoindicator.

 

Cultural Perspective

 

All mid- and endpoint indicators are available in three versions taking into account three different cultural perspectives:

 

  • Individualist (I) is based on the short-term interest, impact types that are undisputed, technological optimism as regards to human adaptation. Uses the shortest time frame e.g. a 20 year timeframe for global warming, GWP20
  • Hierarchist (H) is based on the most common policy principles with regards to time-frame and other issues. Uses the medium time frame e.g. a 100 year timeframe for global warming, GWP100
  • Egalitarian (E) is the most precautionary perspective, taking into account the longest time-frame, impact types that are not yet fully established but for which some indication is available, etc. Uses the longest time frame e.g. a 1000 year timeframe for global warming, (GWP1000) and infinite time for ozone depletion (ODPInf)

 

Characterisation


ReCiPe determine indicators at two levels; midpoint and endpoint indicators. The idea is that the user can choose the level of the results:

  1. Eighteen midpoint indicators; low uncertainty but difficult to interpret. The midpoint indicators are similar to what is used in the CML methodology: Climate change, acidification, eutrophication etc.
  2. Three endpoint indicators; easy to understand but more uncertain. The endpoint indicators are similar to what is used in the Ecoindicator 99 methodology: Damage to Human health, ecosystems, and resource availability


thinkstep and IABP-GaBi cannot be held responsible for any of this information and data.

Normalisation


Normalisation is developed both for the midpoint and endpoint indicators

 

Weighting

 

Weighting is not developed for the mid-point indicators by the ReCiPe authors.
The midpoint values can be weighted using the thinkstep LCIA Survey 2012. Using this only makes sense combined with a normalisation hereby bringing the impacts to the same unit of person-equivalents.

The endpoint indicators can be weighted using the ReCiPe weighting factors developed by the authors or using the weighting factors developed in the thinkstep LCIA Survey 2012

 

Literature


[1] Characterisation and normalisation

All factors can be downloaded on the ReCiPe website:
https://www.rivm.nl/en/life-cycle-assessment-lca/recipe

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