GaBi Solutions

Extension database XVII: Full US

Process nameCountryTypeData source

1,3-Butadiene
oxidative catalytic dehydrogenation of C4 ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.4982 kg/m3, 54.09 g/mol

USaggSphera

2,6-Dimethylphenol
via fixed bed process, from phenol and methanol ;
production mix, at plant ;
122 g/mol

USaggSphera

Acetaldehyde (Ethanal)
via ethylene and oxygen ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.78 g/cm3, 44 g/mol

USaggSphera

Acetic acid from methanol (low pressure carbonylation) (Monsanto process)
catalytic reaction of methanol and carbon monoxide ;
single route, at plant ;
1.05 g/cm3, 605 g/mol

USaggSphera

Acetic acid production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Acetic acid production

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Acetic anhydride
purified, ketene route, from acetone and acetic acid ;
single route, at plant ;
1.08 g cm/3, 102 g/mol

USaggSphera

Acetone (from cumene)
Hock Process, oxidation of cumene ;
single route, at plant ;
0.79 g/cm3, 58 g/mol

USaggSphera

Acetonitrile
ammoxidation of propene ;
production mix, at plant ;
786 mg/mL, 41 g/mol

USaggSphera

Acrylic acid (Propene)
oxidation of propene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.05 g/cm3, 72.06 g/mol

USaggSphera

Acrylonitrile (AN) by product ammonium sulfate, hydrogen cyanide
ammoxidation of propene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.81 g/cm3, 53 g/mol

USaggSphera

Acrylonitrile, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
39.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer resin, ABS, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer resin, ABS, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer resin, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Granulate (ABS)
polymerisation of acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.060- 1.080 g/cm3, 39.0 MJ/kg net calorific v...

USaggSphera

Adipic acid from cyclohexane
purified, cyclohexane oxidation route, with nitric acid ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.36 g/cm3, 146 g/mol

USaggSphera

Allyl chloride (C3H5Cl)
chlorination of propene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.94 g/mL, 76 g/mol

USaggSphera

Alumina, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Alumina, at plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminium auto fragments - scrap credit (open loop)
via shredding and magnetic separation ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium auto rads - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium auto rads - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium auto wheels - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium auto wheels - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium extrusions - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium extrusions - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium foil - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium foil - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium litho sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium litho sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium nodules - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium nodules - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium silicate (zeolite type A)
blending aluminium oxide, sodium silicate and sodium hydroxide ;
production mix, at plant ;
2191 g/mol

USaggSphera

Aluminium turnings - scrap credit (open loop)
clean machining scrap ;
production mix, at plant ;
ISRI code TELIC

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium turnings - scrap credit (open loop)
clean machining scrap ;
production mix, at plant ;
ISRI code TELIC

USu-soSphera

Aluminum Can Scrap Shredding & Decoating
secondary production ;
production mix, at plant

RNAp-aggAA

Aluminum can sheet rolling
technology mix ;
production mix ;
2.7 g/cm3

USp-aggAA/Sphera

Aluminum extrusion, anodized - AEC (A1-A3)
Aluminum extrusion, anodized ;
single route, at plant ;
2500-4500 Sq. ft. per metric ton, depending on t...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Aluminum extrusion, mill finish - AEC (A1-A3)
Aluminum extrusion, mill finish ;
single route, at plant

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Aluminum extrusion, painted - AEC (A1-A3)
Aluminum extrusion, painted ;
single route, at plant ;
2500-4500 Sq. ft. per metric ton, depending on t...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Aluminum ingot remelting and DC casting
technology mix ;
production mix ;
2.7 g/cm3

RNAp-aggAA/Sphera

Aluminum ingot, production mix, at plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum ingot, production mix, at plant

USu-soUSLCI

Aluminum recovery, transport, to plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum recovery, transport, to plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Aluminum specialty product- CISCA (A1-A3 & A5)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Average panel weight to area ratio ranges f...

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Aluminum, cast, semi-permanent mold (SPM), at plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum, primary, ingot, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Aluminum, primary, ingot, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum, primary, smelt, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Aluminum, primary, smelt, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum, secondary, extruded

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum, secondary, extruded

RNAu-soUSLCI

Aluminum, secondary, ingot, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum, secondary, ingot, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Aluminum, secondary, ingot, from automotive scrap, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Aluminum, secondary, ingot, from automotive scrap, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum, secondary, ingot, from beverage cans, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Aluminum, secondary, ingot, from beverage cans, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum, secondary, rolled

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum, secondary, rolled

RNAu-soUSLCI

Aluminum, secondary, shape casted

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Aluminum, secondary, shape casted

RNAu-soUSLCI

American Tulipwood lumber, 1 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

American Tulipwood lumber, 2 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

American Tulipwood lumber, 4 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Ammonia (NH3) synthesis with CO2 recovery, by-product carbon dioxide (without allocation)
Haber- Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
17 g/mol

USp-aggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) with CO2 recovery, by-product carbon dioxide (economic allocation)
Haber- Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
17 g/mol

USaggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) without CO2 recovery (carbon dioxide emissions to air)
Haber- Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
17 g/mol

USaggSphera

Ammonia liquid (NH3) with CO2 recovery, by-product carbon dioxide (economic allocation)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
liquid

USaggSphera

Ammonia water (weight share 25% NH3)
ammonium mixed with water ;
production mix, at plant ;
weight share 25% NH3

USaggSphera

Ammonia, steam reforming, liquid, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Ammonia, steam reforming, liquid, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ammonium nitrate
neutralisation of nitric acid wit ammonia ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.73 g/cm3, 80 g/mol

USaggSphera

Ammonium nitrate (AN, solid)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
nitrogen content 34%

USaggSphera

Ammonium nitrate (AN, solution)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
nitrogen content 52%

USaggSphera

Ammonium sulphate, by product acrylonitrile, hydrocyanic acid
propene ammoxidation ;
single route, at plant ;
1.77 g/cm3, 132 g/mol

USaggSphera

Aniline (Phenyl amine, Amino benzene)
catalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.02 g/cm3, 93 g/mol

USaggSphera

Aniline, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Anode, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Anode, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Anodization of aluminum extrusion, AEC
Aluminum extrusion anodization ;
single route, at plant ;
2500-4500 Sq. ft. per metric ton, depending on t...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Anodized Aluminum Extrusion - FRONTIER (A1-A3)
production mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Aluminium

USaggSphera-EPD

Anodized aluminum extrusion (A1-A3) [Kawneer Co. Inc.]
Cradle-to-gate production of anodized extruded aluminum ;
single route, at plant ;
2700 kg/m3

USaggSphera-EPD

Anthracite coal, at mine

RNAu-soUSLCI

Anthracite coal, at mine

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Anthracite coal, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soUSLCI

Anthracite coal, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Argon (gaseous)
Linde process, cryogenic air fractionation ;
production mix, at plant ;
40 g/mol

USaggSphera

Aromatics (BTX) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
40 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Ash lumber, 1 inch (673 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
673 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Ash lumber, 2 inch (673 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
673 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Ash lumber, 4 inch (673 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
673 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Aspen lumber, 1 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Aspen lumber, 2 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Aspen lumber, 4 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conte...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Asphalt shingles, asphalt shingle roofing system component - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of fiberglass asphalt shingles (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
4.8 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Atactic-polypropylene (APP)-modified bitumen (asphalt) roofing base sheet - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of an atactic polypropylene (APP)-modified bitumen base sheet (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
4.1 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Atactic-polypropylene (APP)-modified bitumen (asphalt) roofing cap sheet - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of an atactic polypropylene (APP)-modified bitumen cap sheet (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
4.8 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Auto transmissions - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Auto transmissions - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Automotive painting, electrocoating, per m2

RNAu-soUSLCI

Automotive painting, electrocoating, per m2

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Automotive painting, electrocoating, per vehicle

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Automotive painting, electrocoating, per vehicle

RNAu-soUSLCI

Automotive painting, pretreatment

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Automotive painting, pretreatment

RNAu-soUSLCI

Automotive painting, top coat, per m2

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Automotive painting, top coat, per m2

RNAu-soUSLCI

Automotive painting, top coat, per vehicle

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Automotive painting, top coat, per vehicle

RNAu-soUSLCI

Average Containerboard (Cradle-to-Gate, 2014)
52% recovered fiber, primarily old corrugated containers (OCC) ;
production mix, at producer

USp-aggCPA

Average Corrugated Product (Cradle-to-Gate, 2014)
66.8% linerboard and 33.2% corrugated medium ;
production mix, at producer ;
131.6 lb/thousand square feet (msf, 0.643 k...

USp-aggCPA

Baled used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Baled used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Bare aluminium wire - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Bare aluminium wire - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Bark mulch, at oriented strand board production, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Bark, at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Bark, at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Bark, at rough green lumber sawmill, softwood, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Bark, at sawmill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Bark, hardwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Bark, softwood, average, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Bark, softwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Bark, softwood, average, state or private dry forest, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Bark, softwood, average, state or private moist cold forest, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Bark, softwood, national forest, average, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Basswood lumber, 1 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Basswood lumber, 2 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Basswood lumber, 4 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Bauxite, at mine

GLOaggUSLCI/Sphera

Bauxite, at mine

GLOu-soUSLCI

Beech lumber, 1 inch (741 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
741 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Beech lumber, 2 inch (741 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
741 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Beech lumber, 4 inch (741 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
741 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Benzene (by product BTX) (from reformate)
from reformate ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78 g/mol, 40.57 MJ/kg net calorifi...

USaggSphera

Benzene (from pyrolysis fuel)
distillation, from pyrolysis fuel ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78 g/mol, 40.57 MJ/kg net calorific ...

USaggSphera

Benzene mix
technology mix ;
production mix, to consumer ;
M= 78,11 g/mol

USaggSphera

Benzene production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Benzene production

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Biodegradable loose fill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Biodegradable waste in waste incineration plant
industry-average technology mix MSWI, from municipal solid waste ;
production mix (region specific plants),...

USp-aggSphera

Biodegradable waste on landfill, post-consumer
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
MSW, Municipal Solid Waste tre...

USp-aggSphera

Biodegradable waste on landfill, post-consumer (according to the WARM model)
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.33 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Bioethanol from corn, at plant
from corn ;
production mix, at plant ;
55% carbon content, 26.8 MJ net calorific value

USaggSphera

Bioethanol from corn, at plant (unallocated, outputs ethanol and DDGS)
transport, fermentation and distillation, from corn grains ;
single route, at plant ;
0,79 g/cm3, 46 g/mol, 27 MJ net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Bioethanol from wheat, at plant
transport, conditioning and fermentation of wheat ;
single route, at plant ;
55% carbon content, 26.8 MJ net calorific value

USaggSphera

Birch lumber, 1 inch (689 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
689 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Birch lumber, 2 inch (689 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
689 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Birch lumber, 4 inch (689 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
689 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Bisphenol A
purified, condensation of acetone and phenol ;
single route, at plant ;
1.2 g/cm3, 228 g/mol

USaggSphera

Bitumen at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
39 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Bitumen, at refinery

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Bituminous coal, at mine

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Bituminous coal, at mine

RNAu-soUSLCI

Bituminous coal, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soUSLCI

Bituminous coal, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Bituminous coal, combusted in industrial boiler, at pulp and paper mill (EXCL.)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Bonding system UF (35% H2O content)
polyurethane production and blending ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives, 35% H2O content

USaggSphera

Borax (dehydrated)
thermal dehydration of borax pentahydrate ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.73 g/cm3, 201 g/mol

USaggSphera

Borax pentahydrate
colemanite mining and processing, reaction with sodium hydrogen carbonate ;
single route, at plant ;
1.88 g/cm3, 291 g/mol

USaggSphera

Briquetted oil filters - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Briquetted oil filters - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Briquetted used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Briquetted used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Bucked and debarked log, hardwood, green, at veneer mill, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Built-up (asphalt) roofing cap sheet - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of built-up (asphalt) roofing cap sheet (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
3.4 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Built-up (asphalt) roofing ply felt - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of built-up (asphalt) roofing ply felt (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
0.3 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Bundled steel cans - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Bundled steel cans - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Butadiene production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Butadiene production

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Butane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.48 kg/m3, 58 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

USaggSphera

Butanediol from Acetylene
Reppe chemistry process, from acetylene and formaldehyde ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.02 g/cm3, 90 g/mol

USaggSphera

Butanediol from propylene oxide (PO chlorohydrine)
from propylene oxide ;
single route, at plant ;
1.02 g/cm3, 90.12 g/mol

USaggSphera

Butanediol from propylene oxide (PO oxirane)
from propylene oxide ;
single route, at plant ;
1.02 g/cm3, 90.12 g/mol

USaggSphera

Butanediol mix
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.02 g/cm3, 90 g/mol, 26 MJ/kg net calorific v...

USaggSphera

Butanol (n-butanol from propylene)
reaction of propylene and synthesis gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.81 g/cm3, 74 g/mol

USaggSphera

Butylamine (n-butylamine from butanol)
catalytic reaction of butanol and ammonia ;
production mix, at plant ;
740 mg/ mL, 73 g mol

USaggSphera

Butylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.641 g/mL, 56 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

USaggSphera

Butylene-1
by fractional distillation, from C4- raffinate ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.62 g/cm3, 56 g/mol

USaggSphera

Butyrolactone (from maleic anhydride)
hydrogenation of maleic anhydride ;
single route, at plant ;
1.13 g/mL, 86 g/mol

USaggSphera

C4 cut (Butadiene)
steam cracker, from natural gas (80%) and naphtha (20%) ;
single route, at plant ;
54 g/mol

USaggSphera

C4-raffinate
extractive distillation via butadiene ;
production mix, at plant ;
mainly butadiene, butene, iso-butene

USaggSphera

Calcined petroleum coke
calcination ;
single route, at plant ;
95 to 99 wt% carbon content

USaggSphera

Calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN, solid)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
nitrogen content 26,5%

USaggSphera

Calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN, solution)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
nitrogen content 26,5%

USaggSphera

Can manufacturing
technology mix ;
production mix ;
Average can weight 13.46 kg/ 1000 2-piece (2 PC) cans

USp-aggAA/Sphera

Canola (rapeseed) oil, refined (economic allocation)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
refined

CAaggSphera

Canola seeds, at field (15% H2O content)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
15 % H2O

CAaggSphera

Caprolactam (from cyclohexane)
from cyclohexane ;
single route, at plant ;
1.01 g/cm3, 113 g/mol

USaggSphera

Carbon black (furnace black; general purpose) - thermal energy credit
furnace black, general purpose ;
production mix, at plant ;
38 MJ/ kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Carbon black (furnace black; general purpose) (economic allocation)
furnace black, general purpose ;
production mix, at plant ;
38 MJ/ kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Carbon dioxide (CO2) by-product ammonia (NH3) (economic allocation)
Haber- Bosch process, from natural gas ;
single route, at plant ;
1.977 kg/m3, 44 g/mol

USaggSphera

Carbon monoxide (via synthesis gas)
purified, cryogenic air separation, from synthesis gas (H2:CO= 3:1) ;
single route, at plant ;
1.25 kg/m3, 28 g/mol

USaggSphera

Carbon monoxide, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Cast aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Cast aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Cattle hide, fresh, from slaughterhouse (economic allocation)
slaughtering and processing ;
single route, at plant ;
product specification (such as energy, protein a...

USaggSphera

Cement grout for tile installation - Laticrete (A1-A3)
Dry-mixed cement, sand, modifiers, wet application ;
Single producer, at plant ;
1590 kg/m3 coverage density

USaggSphera-EPD

Cement mortar for tile installation - Laticrete (A1-A3)
Dry-mixed cement, sand, modifiers, wet application ;
Single producer, at plant ;
1282 kg/m3 coverage density

USaggSphera-EPD

Cement self-leveling underlayment - Laticrete (A1-A3)
Dry-mixed cement, sand, modifiers, wet application ;
Single producer, at plant ;
2,080 kg/m3 (wet); 1,920 kg/m3 (dry)

USaggSphera-EPD

Ceramic tile installation (A5) - StonePeak
production mix ;
single producer (at plant) ;
Nominal thickness = 8 mm

USaggSphera-EPD

Ceramic tile manufacturing (A1-A3) - StonePeak
production mix ;
single producer (at plant) ;
Nominal thickness = 8 mm

USaggSphera-EPD

Ceramic tile use stage (RSL = 1 year) (B1-B2)-Stonepeak
production mix ;
single producer (at plant) ;
Service Life = 1 year; Nominal thickness = 8...

GLOaggSphera-EPD

Ceramic tile use stage (RSL=60 years) (B1-B2)
production mix ;
single producer (at plant) ;
Service Life = 60 years; Nominal thickness ...

GLOaggSphera-EPD

Chainsawing, delimbing, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Chainsawing, hand felling and delimbing, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Chainsawing, hand felling, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Cherry lumber, 1 inch (561 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
561 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Cherry lumber, 2 inch (561 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
561 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Cherry lumber, 4 inch (561 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
561 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Chlor-alkali electrolysis, average production mix, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Chlorine (from chlorine alkali electrolysis) (membrane)
chlorine-alkali electrolysis (membrane), from sodium chloride solution ;
single route, at plant ;
3.22 kg/m3, 35 g/mol

USaggSphera

Chlorine from chlorine-alkali electrolysis (Amalgam)
chlorine-alkali electrolysis (Amalgam), from sodium chloride solution ;
single route, at plant ;
3.22 kg/m3, 35 g/mol

USaggSphera

Chlorine from chlorine-alkali electrolysis (Diaphragm)
chlorine-alkali electrolysis (diaphragm), from sodium chloride solution ;
single route, at plant ;
3.22 kg/m3, 35 g/mol

USaggSphera

Chlorine mix
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
3.22 kg/m3, 35 g/mol

USaggSphera

Chlorine, production mix, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Chlorine, PVC producer average, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Chlorine, PVC producer average, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Chlorobenzene (by product chlorobenzene, hydrochloric acid)
from chlorine and benzene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.11 g/cmГ, 113 g/mol

USaggSphera

Chlorodifluoromethane (R22, HCFC-22) (approximation)
reaction of trichloromethane with hydrogen fluoride ;
single route, at plant ;
3.66 kg/m3, 86.47 g/mol

USaggSphera

Chromic acid
from sodium dicromate and sulphuric acid ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.20 g/cm3, 118 g/mol

USaggSphera

Citric acid (from starch)
fermentation of starch ;
single producer, at plant ;
1.67 g/cm3, 192 g/mol

USaggSphera

Cladding, roll formed, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Clean motor blocks - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Clean motor blocks - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Clean painted aluminium sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Clean painted aluminium sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Coated aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Coated aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Coated Non-Structural Steel Framing Products (EPD)
Secondary steel ;
Single producer (at plant) ;
100% post-industrial steel

USaggClarkDietrich

Coil coating
technology mix ;
technology mix, at producer

USp-aggMCA

Coil, coating, m2, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Coke mix
coke oven process, from hard coal ;
production mix, at plant ;
29 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Cold rolled sheet, steel, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI

Cold-adhered installation of SBS-modified bitumen (asphalt) roofing membrane - ARMA (A5)
Cold-adhered installation of SBS-modified bitumen roofing membrane (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
9.8 kg/m2 total weight of cap sheet, base sheet,...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Cold-formed steel frame (HDG) (CEMCO) (A1 - A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of cold-formed steel framing systems ;
single route, at plant

USaggSphera-EPD

Combustion, dry wood residue, AP-42

RNAu-soUSLCI

Combustion, wet wood residue, AP-42

RNAaggUSLCI

Composite wood I-joist processing, at plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Composite wood I-joist processing, at plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Composite wood I-joist, at plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Composite wood I-joist, at plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Concrete reinforcing steel (rebar), Commercial Metals Company (A1-A3)
EAF route ;
Single producer, multiple locations ;
7833 kg/m3

USp-aggSphera-EPD

Conditioned log, at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Conditioned log, at plywood plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Conditioned log, at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Conditioned log, at plywood plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Conditioned log, hardwood, green, at veneer mill, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Containerboard (gate-to-gate)

USu-soAF&PA

Containerboard, average production, at mill

USu-soUSLCI

Converting plant (gate-to-gate)

USu-soAF&PA

Copper sheet
heating, melting, cold-rolling, annealing ;
production mix, at plant ;
minimum 99.5% copper

RNAaggCDA

Copper tube
heating, melting, annealing ;
production mix, at plant ;
consists of copper alloy UNS C12200 or C12000 ...

RNAaggCDA

Co-products of glue laminated beam production, at plant, unspecified, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Co-products of glue laminated beam production, at plant, unspecified, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Co-products of laminated veneer lumber production, unspecified, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Co-products of laminated veneer lumber production, unspecified, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Corn grain, at conversion plant, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corn grain, harvested and stored

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corn grains, at farm (12% H2O content)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
12 % H2O

USaggSphera

Corn grains, at field (20% H2O content)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
20 % H2O

USaggSphera

Corn steep liquor

RNAaggUSLCI

Corn stover, at conversion plant, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corn stover, carted

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corn stover, ground and stored

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corn stover, production, average, US, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corn wet mill, gluten drying, AP-42

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corn wet milling, operations, AP-42

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corn, decomposition (15.5% moisture)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corn, production, average, US, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corn, whole plant, at field

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Corn, whole plant, at field

RNAu-soUSLCI

Corrugated Product

USu-soUSLCI

Cotton - fabric (based on US cotton yarn, conventional)
cotton yarn spinning and weaving, from cottonseed fibres ;
production mix, at plant ;
80 to 600 g/mВ, 16 MJ net calorific value

USaggSphera

Cotton fiber (bales after ginning)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
cotton fiber global average

GLOaggCottonInc

Cotton, whole plant, at field

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Cotton, whole plant, at field

RNAu-soUSLCI

Cotton, whole plant, at field

RNAu-soUSLCI

Cottonwood lumber, 1 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Cottonwood lumber, 2 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Cottonwood lumber, 4 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Crew to Burn Bole Only slash in the Woods, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production methods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

CAaggSphera

Crude oil, at production

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Crude oil, at production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Crude oil, extracted

RNAu-soUSLCI

Crude oil, in refinery

RNAu-soUSLCI

Crude oil, in refinery

RNAu-soUSLCI

Crude palm kernel oil, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Crude palm kernel oil, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Cumene (isopropylbenzene) (C9H12)
alkylation, from benzene and propylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.86 g/cm3, 120 g/mol

USaggSphera

Cyclohexane
catalytic hydration of benzene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.7781 g/mL, 84 g/mol

USaggSphera

Cyclohexanone
oxidation of cyclohexane ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.95 g/mL, 98 g/mol

USaggSphera

Debarked wood, at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Debarked wood, at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Debarking, at plywood plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Debarking, at plywood plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Delimbing, slide boom delimber

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Deposit containers, at collection

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Deposit containers, at collection, CRV

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
15 ppm sulphur, 4.87 wt.% bio components

USaggSphera

Diesel, at refinery

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Diesel, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Diesel, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soUSLCI

Diesel, combusted in industrial boiler, at pulp and paper mill (EXCL.)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Diesel, combusted in industrial equipment

RNAu-soUSLCI

Diesel, combusted in industrial equipment

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Diethanolamine (DEA)
reaction of ethylene oxide and ammonia ;
production mix, at producer ;
1.097 g/mL, 105 g/mol

USaggSphera

Diethylene glycol by product ethylene glycol from ethene and oxygen via EO
from ethene and oxygen ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.12 g/m³, 106 g/mol

USaggSphera

Dipropylene glycol by product propylene glycol via PO hydrogenation
hydration of propylene oxide ;
single route, at plant ;
1.02 g/cm3, 134 g/mol

USaggSphera

Dolomite (ground)
dolomite mining and grinding ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.9 g/cm3

USaggSphera

Dolomite extraction
dolomite mining ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.9 g/cm3

USaggSphera

Dried starch (corn wet mill) (economic allocation)
dried, wet mill, from corn ;
single route, at plant ;
44% carbon content

USaggSphera

Dry rough lumber, at kiln, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Dry rough lumber, at kiln, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Dry rough lumber, at kiln, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Dry rough lumber, at kiln, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Dry veneer processing, at plywood plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Dry veneer processing, at plywood plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Dry veneer, at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Dry veneer, at plywood plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Dry veneer, at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Dry veneer, sold, at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Dummy, Lubricants, unspecified, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Dust and scrap, at oriented strand board production, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

E-glass, at plant

USu-soUSLCI

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from biogas (Alaska)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from biogas (East)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from biogas (Hawaii)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from biogas (Texas)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from biogas (West)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid) (East)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid) (Hawaii)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid) (Texas)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid) (West)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases (East)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from geothermal
AC, CHP, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal (Alaska)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal (East)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal (Hawaii)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal (Texas)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal (West)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO) (Alaska)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO) (East)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO) (Hawaii)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO) (Texas)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO) (West)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from lignite (Alaska)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from lignite (East)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from lignite (Texas)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from lignite (West)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas (Alaska)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas (East)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas (Texas)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas (West)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear (East)
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear (Texas)
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear (West)
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from waste (East)
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from waste (Hawaii)
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from waste (West)
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

CAaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – AKGD
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – AKMS
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – AZNM
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – CAMX
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – ERCT
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – FRCC
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – HIMS
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – HIOA
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – MROE
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – MROW
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – NEWE
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – NWPP
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – NYCW
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – NYLI
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – NYUP
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – RFCE
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – RFCM
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – RFCW
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – RMPA
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – SPNO
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – SPSO
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – SRMV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – SRMW
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – SRSO
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – SRTV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix – SRVC
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (Alaska)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (East)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (eGRID)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, at consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (Hawaii)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (Texas)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (West)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

ARaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - AKGD
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - AKMS
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - AZNM
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - CAMX
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - ERCT
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - FRCC
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - HIMS
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - HIOA
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - MROE
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - MROW
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - NEWE
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - NWPP
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - NYCW
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - NYLI
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - NYUP
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - RFCE
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - RFCM
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - RFCW
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - RMPA
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - SPNO
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - SPSO
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - SRMV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - SRMW
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - SRSO
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - SRTV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV - SRVC
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (Alaska)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (East)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (Hawaii)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (Texas)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (West)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

CAu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic, Alaska)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

USu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic, East)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

USu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic, Hawaii)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

USu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic, Texas)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

USu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic, US eGRID)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

USu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic, West)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

USu-soSphera

Electricity transfer
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix ;
all voltage stages

GLOu-soSphera

Electricity, alumina refining regions

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, alumina refining regions

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, aluminum smelting and ingot casting regions

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, aluminum smelting and ingot casting regions

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, anthracite coal, at power plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, anthracite coal, at power plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at cogen, for natural gas turbine

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, AKGD, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, AKGD, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, AKMS, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, AKMS, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, AZNM, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, AZNM, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, CAMX, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, CAMX, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, ERCT, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, ERCT, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, FRCC, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, FRCC, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, HIMS, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, HIMS, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, HIOA, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, HIOA, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, MROE, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, MROE, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, MROW, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, MROW, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, NEWE, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, NEWE, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, NWPP, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, NWPP, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, NYCW, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, NYCW, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, NYLI, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, NYLI, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, NYUP, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, NYUP, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, RFCE, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, RFCE, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, RFCM, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, RFCM, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, RFCW, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, RFCW, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, RMPA, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, RMPA, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SPNO, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SPNO, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SPSO, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SPSO, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SRMV, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SRMV, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SRMW, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SRMW, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SRSO, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SRSO, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SRTV, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SRTV, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SRVC, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at eGrid, SRVC, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, ASCC, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, ASCC, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at grid, Eastern US

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, at grid, Eastern US, 2000

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, FRCC, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, FRCC, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, HICC, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, HICC, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, MRO, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, MRO, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, NPCC, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, NPCC, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, RFC, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, RFC, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, SERC, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, SERC, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, SPP, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, SPP, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at grid, Texas US

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, at grid, Texas US, 2000

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, TRE, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, TRE, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at grid, US

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, at grid, US, 2000

USu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, US, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, US, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, WECC, 2008

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at Grid, WECC, 2010

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, at grid, Western US

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, at grid, Western US, 2000

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, bauxite mining regions

GLOu-soUSLCI

Electricity, bauxite mining regions

GLOaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, biomass, at Electricity plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, biomass, at power plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, bituminous coal, at Electricity plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, bituminous coal, at power plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, diesel, at Electricity plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, diesel, at power plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, lignite coal, at power plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, lignite coal, at power plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, natural gas, at power plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, natural gas, at power plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, nuclear, at power plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Electricity, nuclear, at power plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, onsite boiler, hardwood mill average, NE-NC AGG FINAL

RNAaggCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Electricity, onsite boiler, softwood mill average, NE-NC AGG Final

RNAaggCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Electricity, residual fuel oil, at Electricity plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Electricity, residual fuel oil, at power plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Elm lumber, 1 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Elm lumber, 2 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Elm lumber, 4 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Engineered I-joists
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

enzyme, Alpha-amylase, Novozyme Liquozyme

RERu-soUSLCI

enzyme, Cellulase, Novozyme Celluclast

RERu-soUSLCI

enzyme, Glucoamylase, Novozyme Spirizyme

RERu-soUSLCI

Epichlorohydrin (by product calcium chloride, hydrochloric acid)
purified, reaction of allyl chloride with hypochloric acid ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.18 g/cm3, 93 g/mol

USaggSphera

Epoxy-coating of steel reinforcement bar (estimate) - open input steel rebar
Epoxy-coating of steel reinforcement bar, estimate ;
single route, at producer ;
Thickness: 0.255 mm

USp-aggSphera

EPS insulation board, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethanol (96%) (hydrogenation with nitric acid)
hydrogenation with nitric acid ;
single route, at plant ;
96 % concentrated

USaggSphera

Ethanol, 85%, at blending terminal, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethanol, 85%, blended, at service station, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethanol, denatured, at refueling station, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethanol, denatured, corn dry mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethanol, denatured, corn stover, biochemical

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethanol, denatured, forest residues, thermochem

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethanol, denatured, mixed feedstocks, at conversion facility, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethanol, denatured, switchgrass, biochemical

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethanol, denatured, wheat straw, biochemical

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethene (ethylene)
steam cracker, from natural gas (80%) and naphtha (20%) ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.178 kg/m3, 28 g/mol

USaggSphera

Ethylbenzene styrene, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Ethylbenzene styrene, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethylene dichloride (EDC)
from ethene and chlorine ;
single route, at plant ;
1.25 g/cm3, 99 g/mol

USaggSphera

Ethylene dichloride-vinyl chloride monomer, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethylene dichloride-vinyl chloride monomer, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Ethylene glycol (from ethene and oxygen via EO)
oxidation of ethene with oxygen and water ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.11 g/cm³, 62 g/mol

USaggSphera

Ethylene glycol, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethylene oxide (EO) via air
purified, oxidation of ethylene with air ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.882 g/mL, 44 g/mol

USaggSphera

Ethylene oxide (EO) via O2/methane
purified, oxidation of ethylene with air ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.882 g/mL, 44 g/mol

USaggSphera

Ethylene oxide, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Ethylene oxide, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethylene production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Ethylene production

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Ethylene Vinylacetate Copolymer (E/VA) (72% Ethylene, 28% Vinylacetate)
co- polymerization of ethylene and vinyl acetate ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives, 72% ethylene, 28% vinyl ace...

USaggSphera

Ethylene/methacrylic acid ionomer (EMAA)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives

USaggSphera

Ethyne (acetylene)
SACHSSE-BARTHOLOME process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.097 kg/m3, 26.04 g/mol

USaggSphera

Extrusion of aluminum billet, AEC
Extrusion of aluminum billet ;
single route, at plant

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Fabricated concrete reinforcing steel (rebar), Commercial Metals Company (A1-A3)
EAF route ;
Single producer, multiple locations ;
7833 kg/m3

USp-aggSphera-EPD

Fabricated heavy structural shapes, Commercial Metals Company (A1-A3)
EAF route ;
Single producer, multiple locations ;
7833 kg/m3

USp-aggSphera-EPD

Fabricated hollow structural sections (HSS) - AISC & STI (A1-A3)
fabrication ;
production mix, at plant ;
Fabricated hollow structural sections

USaggSphera-EPD

Fabricated hot-rolled structural steel sections - Amer. Inst. of Steel Construction (AISC) (A1-A3)
fabrication ;
production mix, at plant ;
Fabricated structural steel section

USaggSphera-EPD

Fabricated steel plate - American Inst. of Steel Construction (AISC) (A1-A3)
fabrication ;
production mix, at plant ;
Fabricated plate

USaggSphera-EPD

Fabricated steel reinforcement - CRSI (A1-A3)
EAF route ;
single route, at plant ;
7,580 kg/m3 (490 lbs/ft3)

USp-aggSphera-EPD

Felling, feller buncher, > 200 HP, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Felling, feller buncher, > 200 HP, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Ferro metals in waste incineration plant
industry-average technology mix MSWI, from municipal solid waste ;
production mix (region specific plants),...

USp-aggSphera

Ferro metals on landfill, post-consumer
treatment of leachate, no landfill gas for energy use ;
production mix (region specific sites), ...

USp-aggSphera

Ferro nickel (29%)
mining, separation, electric arc furnace ;
production mix, at plant ;
29 % nickel

GLOaggSphera

Ferrous sulfate
from iron and sulphuric acid ;
single route, at plant ;
151 g/mol, 3.65 g/cm3

USaggSphera

Fertilizer, corn, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Fertilizer, stover, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Fertilizer, switchgrass, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Fertilizer, winter wheat straw, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Fiberglass Batt
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
The specific application will dictate the a...

USaggNAIMA

Fiberglass Duct Board
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
The specific application will dictate the a...

USaggNAIMA

Fiberglass Duct Wrap
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
The specific application will dictate the a...

USaggNAIMA

Fiberglass Kraft Faced
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
The specific application will dictate the a...

USaggNAIMA

Fiberglass Loose Fill
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
The specific application will dictate the a...

USaggNAIMA

Fiberglass Pipe
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
The specific application will dictate the a...

USaggNAIMA

Fines, at oriented strand board production, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Flattened car bodies - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Flattened car bodies - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Foil Facer
technology mix ;
at producer, single US manufacturing loc...

USaggPIMA

Forest residue, dried, stored

RNAu-soUSLCI

Forest residue, preprocessed, at conversion facility

RNAu-soUSLCI

Forest residue, processed and loaded, at landing system

RNAaggUSLCI

Formaldehyde (HCHO; 100%)
dehydrogenation of methanol ;
production mix, at plant ;
100 % concentrated

USaggSphera

Fuel grade uranium, at regional storage

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Fuel grade uranium, at regional storage

RNAu-soUSLCI

Fuels, burned at bleached kraft market pulp mill, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Fuels, burned at coated freesheet, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Fuels, burned at coated mechanical paper, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Fuels, burned at unbleached kraft bag sack paper, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Fuels, burned at uncoated freesheet, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Fuels, burned at uncoated mechanical paper, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Galvanized steel coil, coated, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Galvanized steel sheet, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI

Gasoline mix (premium) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
30 ppm sulphur, 12.52 wt.% bio components

USaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
30 ppm sulphur, 12.52 wt.% bio components

USaggSphera

Gasoline, at refinery

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Gasoline, combusted in equipment

RNAu-soUSLCI

Gasoline, combusted in equipment

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Gasoline, combusted in equipment, at pulp and paper mill (EXCL.)

RNAu-soUSLCI

General purpose polystyrene, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

General purpose polystyrene, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Glass fibres
from mineral components ;
production mix, at plant ;
Borosillicate glass / E-glass

USaggSphera

Glass/inert on landfill
treatment of leachate, no landfill gas for energy use ;
production mix (region specific sites), ...

USp-aggSphera

Glass/inert waste in waste incineration plant
industry-average technology mix MSWI, from municipal solid waste ;
production mix (region specific plants),...

USp-aggSphera

Glucose (via starch hydrolysis)
enzymatic hydrolysis of starch ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.54 g/cm3, 180.16 g/mol

USaggSphera

Glue laminated beam processing, at plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Glue laminated beam processing, at plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Glue laminated beam, at plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Glue laminated beam, at plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Glued laminated timber
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Glycerine (from Epichlorohydrine)
purified, reaction of epichlorohydrine with sodium hydroxide and soda ;
single route, at plant ;
1.26 g/cm3, 92 g/mol

USaggSphera

Glycerine, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Glycerine, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Glycerine, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Gravel (Grain size 2/32)
wet and dry quarry ;
production mix, at plant ;
undried

USaggSphera

Green car bodies - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Green car bodies - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Green veneer processing, at plywood plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Green veneer processing, at plywood plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Green veneer processing, at plywood plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Green veneer processing, at plywood plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Green veneer, at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Green veneer, at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Green veneer, sold, at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Green veneer, sold, at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Greenhouse seedling, softwood, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Grinding

RNAu-soUSLCI

Grocery retail - open input warehouse product
Grocery Store, Retail Store ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
storage density 20% building volume

USp-aggSphera

Grocery transport by car
gasoline driven ;
consumption mix

USu-soSphera

Gypsum wallboard product, regular, 0.5 inch (12.7 mm)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Gypsum wallboard product, type X, 0.625 inch (15.875 mm)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Hackberry lumber, 1 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hackberry lumber, 2 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hackberry lumber, 4 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
70% carbon content, 28 MJ/kg net calorific...

USaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
70% carbon content, 28 MJ/kg net calorific...

CAaggSphera

Hard Maple lumber, 1 inch (705 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
705 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hard Maple lumber, 2 inch (705 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
705 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hard Maple lumber, 4 inch (705 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
705 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hardwood Veneer AHEC Rotary (0.6 mm)
rotary thicker ;
single route, at plant ;
0.6 mm thickness

USaggAHEC

Hardwood Veneer AHEC Rotary Thicker (2-2.5 mm)
rotary thicker ;
single route, at plant ;
2- 2.5 mm thickness

USaggAHEC

Hardwood Veneer AHEC Slicer
slicing ;
single route, at plant ;
0.5- 0.6 mm thickness

USaggAHEC

Harvest, corn, single pass

RNAu-soUSLCI

Harvest, switchgrass

RNAu-soUSLCI

Harvest, wheat, single pass

RNAu-soUSLCI

Harvesting, fresh fruit bunch, at farm

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Harvesting, fresh fruit bunch, at farm

RNAu-soUSLCI

Heat, drying veneer, hardwood, at veneer mill, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Heat, indirect, heated zones, softwood, plywood veneer drying, AP-42

RNAu-soUSLCI

Heat, onsite boiler, hardwood mill average, NE-NC

RNAaggCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Heat, onsite boiler, hardwood mill, average, SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Heat, onsite boiler, softwood mill average, NE-NC AGG Final

RNAaggCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Heat, onsite boiler, softwood mill average, US NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (0.3wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.3 wt.% sulphur

USaggSphera

Hexamethylenediamine (HMDA; from butadiene via adiponitrile)
from butadiene via adiponitrile ;
single route, at plant ;
0.84 g/mL, 116.20 g/mol

USaggSphera

Hickory lumber, 1 inch (833 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
833 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hickory lumber, 2 inch (833 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
833 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hickory lumber, 4 inch (833 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
833 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

High density polyethylene resin, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

High density polyethylene resin, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

High impact polystyrene resin, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

High impact polystyrene resin, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Hip and ridge, asphalt shingle roofing system component - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of hip and ridge shingles (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
6.4 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Hog fuel, pur., combusted in industrial boiler, at pulp and paper mill (EXCL.)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Hog fuel, self-gen., combusted in ind. boiler, at pulp and paper mill (EXCL.)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Hogfuel, from trim and saw at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Hogfuel, from trim&saw, plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Hollow structural sections - Steel Tube Institute (STI) (A1-A3)
Cold forming ;
production mix, industry average, at pla...

USaggSphera-EPD

Hot asphalt installation of built-up (asphalt) roofing membrane- ARMA (A5)
Hot asphalt installation of built-up (asphalt) roofing membrane (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
9.7 kg/m2 total weight of cap sheet, ply felts, ...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Hot asphalt installation of SBS-modified bitumen (asphalt) roofing membrane - ARMA (A5)
Hot asphalt installation of SBS-modified bitumen roofing membrane (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
10.6 kg/m2 total weight of cap sheet, base sheet...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Hot rolled sheet, steel, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI

Hot rolled structural steel sections
EAF route ;
production mix, at plant ;
Steel sections

RNAaggAISC

Hydrochloric acid by product chlorobenzene
from chlorine and benzene ;
single route, at plant ;
20% concentrated

USaggSphera

Hydrochloric acid, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Hydrogen (cracker)
steam cracker, from natural gas (80%) and naphtha (20%) ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/mol, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

USaggSphera

Hydrogen (steam reforming natural gas)
steam reforming, from natural gas ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/mol, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

USaggSphera

Hydrogen at refinery
from crude oil ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/mol, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

USaggSphera

Hydrogen cyanide (prussic acid)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.687 g/mL, 27 g/mol

USaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (Hydrogen from steam reforming)
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
100% concentrated

USaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (integrated prod., 70% H2 chemical synthesis, 40% raw solut.)
anthraquinone process, steam supply from integrated steam system ;
production mix, at plant ;
100%; H2O2

USaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (50%, H2O2)
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
50%; H2O2

USaggSphera

Hydrogen, liquid, chlor-alkali electrolysis, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Hydrogen, liquid, synthesis gas, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Industry average uncoated glass (NGA) (A1-A3)
via float glass process ;
Industry average, US and CA ;
ASTM C1036: Standard Specification for Flat...

USaggSphera-EPD

Ingeo Polylactide (PLA) biopolymer production
corn production, dextrose wet milling process, fermentation to lactic acid, polymerisation ;
single route, at plant ;
1.210–1.430 kg/m3

USaggNatureWorks

Injection molding, rigid LLDPE part, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Injection molding, rigid polypropylene part, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Installation of asphalt shingle roofing system - ARMA (A5)
Hot asphalt installation of SBS-modified bitumen roofing membrane (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
12.7 kg/m2 total weight of installed system

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Installation of Polyiso roof insulation, R10.2 (A5) [PIMA]
Installation (A5) of Polyiso roof insulation ;
single route, at plant

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Installation of Polyiso roof insulation, R15 (A5) [PIMA]
Installation (A5) of Polyiso roof insulation ;
single route, at plant

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Installation of Polyiso roof insulation, R20.5 (A5) [PIMA]
Installation (A5) of Polyiso roof insulation ;
single route, at plant

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Installation of Polyiso wall insulation 14.6 (A5) [PIMA]
Installation (A5) of Polyiso roof insulation ;
single route, at plant

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Installation of Polyiso wall insulation 19.5 (A5) [PIMA]
Installation (A5) of Polyiso roof insulation ;
single route, at plant

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Installation of Polyiso wall insulation 4.9 (A5) [PIMA]
Installation (A5) of Polyiso roof insulation ;
single route, at plant

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Installation of Polyiso wall insulation 9.8 (A5) [PIMA]
Installation (A5) of Polyiso roof insulation ;
single route, at plant

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Insulated aluminium wire - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Insulated aluminium wire - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Insulated metal panel (IMP)
via coil coating and metal panel foaming ;
technology mix, at producer

USaggMCA

Insulated metal panel (IMP) continuous foaming
technology mix ;
technology mix, at producer

USp-aggMCA

Iron and steel, production mix

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Iron and steel, production mix

RNAu-soUSLCI

Iron ore mix
iron ore mining and processing ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
5.00 g/cm3, 231.53 g/mol

USaggSphera

Iron, sand casted

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Iron, sand casted

RNAu-soUSLCI

Isobutane (from n-butane)
liquid- phase isomerisation of n- butane ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.51 mg/mL, 58.12 g/mol

USaggSphera

Isononanol
purified, from octene and synthesis gas ;
single route, at plant ;
144 g/mol

USaggSphera

Isopropanol
refined, indirect hydrogenation of propene ;
single route, at plant ;
0.78 g/cm3, 60 g/mol

USaggSphera

Kaolin (mining and processing)
dry powder, mining and processing ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.6 g/cm 3

USaggSphera

Kerosene / Jet A1 at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.1 wt.% sulphur

USaggSphera

Kerosene, at refinery

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Lactic acid (fermentative)
anaerobic metabolism of sugars ;
production mix, at plant ;
90 g/mol

USaggSphera

Laminated veneer lumber (LVL)
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Laminated veneer lumber processing, at plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Laminated veneer lumber processing, at plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Laminated veneer lumber, at plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Laminated veneer lumber, at plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Landfill, arid climate
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.11 MJ of electricity and 0.0...

USp-aggSphera

Landfill, arid climate (according to the WARM model)
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.33 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Landfill, moderate climate
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.12 MJ of electricity and 0.0...

USp-aggSphera

Landfill, moderate climate (according to the WARM model)
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.33 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Landfill, wet climate
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.12 MJ of electricity and 0.0...

USp-aggSphera

Landfill, wet climate (according to the WARM model)
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.33 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Leak barrier, asphalt shingle roofing system component - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of leak barrier (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
1.7 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Light fuel oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.05 wt.% sulphur

USaggSphera

Light steel structural shapes, Commercial Metals Company (A1-A3)
EAF route ;
Single producer, multiple locations ;
7833 kg/m3

USp-aggSphera-EPD

Lignite coal, at surface mine

RNAu-soUSLCI

Lignite coal, at surface mine

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Lignite coal, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soUSLCI

Lignite coal, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Lignite dust
grinding lignite, for furnace applications ;
production mix, at plant ;
22 MJ/kg net calorific value, 59% carbon conte...

USaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
37% carbon content, 14.3 MJ/kg net calorif...

CAaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
36% carbon content, 14.0 MJ/kg net calorif...

USaggSphera

Lime (CaO; quicklime lumpy)
calcination of limestone ;
single route, at plant ;
3.34 g/cm3, 56 g/mol

USaggSphera

Lime hydrate (Ca(OH)2) slaking
calcination and slaking, from limestone ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.21 g/cm3, 74 g/mol

USaggSphera

Lime, agricultural, corn production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Limestone (CaCO3; washed)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.71 g/cm3, 100 g/mol

USaggSphera

Limestone flour (0.1mm)
limestone mining and grinding ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.1 mm grain size

USaggSphera

Limestone flour (1µm)
limestone mining and grinding ;
production mix, at plant ;
1Еm grain size

USaggSphera

Limestone flour (1mm)
limestone mining and grinding ;
production mix, at plant ;
1mm grain size

USaggSphera

Limestone flour (2mm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 2mm

USaggSphera

Limestone flour (50µm)
limestone mining and grinding ;
production mix, at plant ;
50µm grain size

USaggSphera

Limestone flour (5mm)
limestone mining and grinding ;
production mix, at plant ;
5mm grain size

USaggSphera

Limestone, at mine

RNAu-soUSLCI

Limestone, at mine

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Linear low density polyethylene resin, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Linear low density polyethylene resin, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) (70% propane; 30% butane)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
Mix of 70% propane and 30% butane

USaggSphera

Liquefied petroleum gas, at refinery

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Liquefied petroleum gas, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soUSLCI

Liquefied petroleum gas, combusted in industrial boiler

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Loader operation, large, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Loader operation, large, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Loose used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Loose used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Lost foam casting, aluminum

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Lost foam casting, aluminum

RNAu-soUSLCI

Low copper aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Low copper aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Low density polyethylene resin, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Low density polyethylene resin, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Low grade irony aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Low grade irony aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Low-VOC membrane adhesive manufacturing (A1-A3) - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
solvent-based <250 g/L

USaggSphera-EPD

LPG, combusted in industrial boiler, at pulp and paper mill (EXCL.)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Lubricants at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Lumber, softwood, ACQ treated, SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Lumber, softwood, borate treated, PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Magnesium sulfate (agrarian)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
desity of MgSO4: 2,66 g·cm−3 (MgSO4), molar ma...

CAaggSphera

Maleic anhydride (MSA) (via oxidation of xylol)
vapor- phase oxidation of butane ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.48 g/cm3, 98 g/mol

USaggSphera

Manganese steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Manganese steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Marine piling, softwood, CCA treated, SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Medium density fiberboard (MDF)
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Medium density fiberboard (MDF), at MDF mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Melamin resin (MF)
addition of melamine and formaldehyde ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.51 g/cm3; solid content 100%; 0% water

USaggSphera

Melamine urea formaldehyde resin, neat, 60% solids

RNAu-soUSLCI

Melamine-urea-formaldehyde hardener, at plant

USaggUSLCI

Melamine-urea-formaldehyde resin, at plant

USaggUSLCI

Metal composite material (MCM) panel
via coil coating, MCM sheet manufacturing, and MCM panel production ;
technology mix, at producer

USaggMCA

Metal composite material (MCM) panel fabrication
technology mix ;
technology mix, at producer

USp-aggMCA

Metal composite material (MCM) panel, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Metal composite material (MCM) sheet fabrication
technology mix ;
technology mix, at producer

USp-aggMCA

Metal composite material (MCM) sheet, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Metal panel, insulated, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Metal panels, roof, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Metal panels, wall, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Metal roll forming
technology mix ;
technology mix, at producer

USp-aggMCA

Metallurgical coke, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Metallurgical coke, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Methane
natural gas purification ;
single route, at plant ;
0.72 kg/m3, 16.04 g/mol, 50.04 MJ/kg net calorif...

USaggSphera

Methanol from natural gas (combined reforming)
purified, steam reforming, from natural gas ;
single route, at plant ;
0.79 g/cm3, 32 g/mol

USaggSphera

Methanol from natural gas mix
purified, steam reforming, from natural gas ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
0.79 g/cm3, 32 g/mol

USaggSphera

Methanol, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Methanol, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK)
hydration of butene to butanol, deydration of butanol to methyl ethyl ketone ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.81 g/cm3, 72 g/mol

USaggSphera

Methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK)
purified, hydrogenation of acetone ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.80 g/mL, 100 g/mol

USaggSphera

Methyl methacrylate (MMA) from acetone and hydrogen cyanide
purified, acetone- cyanohydrine- route, from acetone, hydrogen cyanide and methanol ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.94 g/cm³, 100 g/mol

USaggSphera

Methyl t-Butylether (MTBE) from C4
reaction of methanol and butene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.74 g/cm3, 88 g/mol

USaggSphera

Methylamine (by product di-, trimethylamine)
from methanol and ammonia ;
production mix, at plant ;
31.06 g/mol

USaggSphera

Methylene Diphenyl Diisocyanate (MDI)
technology mix ;
US manufacturing locations

USaggACC

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI), by-product hydrochloric acid, methanol
phosgenation of methylenedianiline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.23 g/cm3, 250 g/mol

USaggSphera

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate resin, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate resin, at plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate resin, at plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate resin, at plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate resin, at plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate, resin, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Mill Finished Aluminum Extrusion - FRONTIER (A1-A3)
production mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Aluminium

USaggSphera-EPD

Mill-finished aluminum extrustion (A1-A3) [Kawneer Co. Inc.]
Cradle-to-gate production of mill-finished extruded aluminum ;
single route, at plant ;
2700 kg/m3

USaggSphera-EPD

Mixed cast iron - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mixed cast iron - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Mixed iron & steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Mixed iron & steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mixed irony aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mixed irony aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Mixed recyclables, at collection, commercial

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Mixed recyclables, at collection, curbside, volume basis

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Mixed recyclables, at collection, curbside, weight basis

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Mixed recyclables, at collection, dropoff center

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Mixed recyclables, sorted at MRF

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Mixed recyclables, to MRF

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Mixed steel cans - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Mixed steel cans - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mixed steel turnings & iron borings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mixed steel turnings & iron borings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Monoammonium phosphate (MAP)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
nitrogen content 11%

USaggSphera

Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Plant
industry-average technology mix, incineration of municipal solid waste ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1930 MJ of electricity and 349...

USp-aggSphera

Municipal Solid Waste on landfill
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.12 MJ of electricity and 0.0...

USp-aggSphera

Municipal Solid Waste on landfill (according to the WARM model)
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.33 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, avoided burden, EPA Region 01)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 01 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, avoided burden, EPA Region 02)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 02 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, avoided burden, EPA Region 03)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 03 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, avoided burden, EPA Region 04)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 04 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, avoided burden, EPA Region 05)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 05 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, avoided burden, EPA Region 06)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 06 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, avoided burden, EPA Region 07)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 07 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, avoided burden, EPA Region 08)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 08 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, avoided burden, EPA Region 09)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 09 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, avoided burden, EPA Region 10)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 10 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, cut off, EPA Region 01)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 01 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, cut off, EPA Region 02)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 02 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, cut off, EPA Region 03)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 03 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, cut off, EPA Region 04)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 04 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, cut off, EPA Region 05)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 05 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, cut off, EPA Region 06)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 06 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, cut off, EPA Region 07)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 07 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, cut off, EPA Region 08)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 08 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, cut off, EPA Region 09)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 09 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water (EPA data, cut off, EPA Region 10)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 10 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (60% agric. sludge appl., 22% sludge incin., 18% landfill, cut-off)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
dry sludge applications: agricultural use, inc...

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (agricultural sludge application)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
agricultural sludge application

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (agricultural sludge application, Cut-off, incl. emissions of EoL)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
agricultural sludge application

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water treatment (EPA data, US average, avoided burden)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 01 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal Waste water treatment (EPA data, US average, cut off approach)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant, EPA Region 01 ... ;
averages per EPA region where ...

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (mix)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
agricultural sludge application, sludge incine...

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge deposited on landfill)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge deposited on landfill

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge deposited on landfill, cut-off)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge deposited on landfill

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge incineration)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge incineration

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge incineration, cut-off)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge incineration

USaggSphera

Naphtha at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
44 MJ/ kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

CAaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

USaggSphera

Natural gas, at extraction site

RNAu-soUSLCI

Natural gas, at extraction site

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Natural gas, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Natural gas, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soUSLCI

Natural gas, combusted in industrial boiler, at pulp and paper mill (EXCL.)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Natural gas, combusted in industrial equipment

RNAu-soUSLCI

Natural gas, combusted in industrial equipment

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Natural gas, extracted

RNAu-soUSLCI

Natural gas, processed, at plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Natural gas, processed, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Natural gas, processed, for olefins production, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Natural gas, processed, for olefins production, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

New beverage cans stock - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

New beverage cans stock - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Nitric acid (60%)
oxidation of ammonia ;
single route, at plant ;
60%

USaggSphera

Nitrobenzene
purified, nitration of benzene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.2 g/cm3, 123 g/mol

USaggSphera

Nitrogen (gaseous)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.250 kg/m3, 14.0 g/mol

USaggSphera

Nitrogen (liquid)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
14.0 g/mol

USaggSphera

Nitrogen fertilizer, production mix, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Nitrogen fertilizer, production mix, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

n-Methylpyrolidone (NMP, Butyrolactone via Maleic anhydride)
reaction of methylamine and butyrolactone ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.03 g/cm3, 99 g/mol

USaggSphera

No. 1 steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 1 steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 1 steel (2 foot) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 1 steel (2 foot) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 2 steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 2 steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 2 steel (2 foot) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 2 steel (2 foot) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 3 steel (unprepared bushling) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 3 steel (unprepared bushling) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 4 shredded steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 4 shredded steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 4 steel (silicon bushling) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 4 steel (silicon bushling) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Non-reinforced EPDM single ply roofing membrane, 45 mils, A1-A3 - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 45 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced EPDM single ply roofing membrane, 45 mils,Installation (A5) - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 45 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced EPDM single ply roofing membrane, 60 mils, A1-A3 - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced EPDM single ply roofing membrane, 60 mils,Installation (A5) - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced EPDM single ply roofing membrane, 90 mils, A1-A3 - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 90 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced EPDM single ply roofing membrane, 90 mils,Installation (A5) - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 90 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced ethylene propylene diene monome roofing membrane,45 mils (A5)- Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 45 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced ethylene propylene diene monome roofing membrane,60 mils (A5)- Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced ethylene propylene diene monome roofing membrane,90 mils (A5)- Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 90 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced ethylene propylene diene monomer roofing membrane [45mils] (A1-A3) - Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 45 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced ethylene propylene diene monomer roofing membrane [60mils] (A1-A3) - Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Non-reinforced ethylene propylene diene monomer roofing membrane [90mils] (A1-A3) - Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 90 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

NPK 15-15-15
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
NPK 15-15-15

USaggSphera

NPK 16-9-14 mixed acid route (60% phosphate-water-solution)
reaction of a nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium compound ;
production mix, at plant ;
16% nitrogen, 9% phosphorus and 14% potassium

USaggSphera

Nylon (PA 6.6) - fabric
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives, 32 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Nylon (PA 6.6) - yarn
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives

USaggSphera

Office scanner

GLOu-soUSLCI

Old mixed aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Old mixed aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Open mold casting, rigid composites part, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Open molding, rigid composites part, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Oriented strand board processsing, at plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Oriented strand board product, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Oriented strandboard (OSB)
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Oxygen (gaseous)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.429 kg/m3, 16.0 g/mol

USaggSphera

Oxygen (liquid)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
16.0 g/mol

USaggSphera

Oxygen, liquid, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Oxygen, liquid, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

o-Xylene
from pyrolysis gasoline ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/ml, 106.17 g/mol

USaggSphera

Ozone (from O2-ozoniser)
plasma process, from oxygen ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.14 kg/m3, 48 g/mol

USaggSphera

Packaging and information sheets, i2900 desktop scanner

GLOu-soUSLCI

Packaging, Production Scanners

GLOu-soUSLCI

Painted aluminum extrusion (A1-A3) [Kawneer Co. Inc.]
Cradle-to-gate production of painted extruded aluminum ;
single route, at plant ;
2700 kg/m3

USaggSphera-EPD

Painted, insulated aluminium sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Painted, insulated aluminium sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Painting of aluminum extrusion, AEC
Aluminum extrusion painting ;
single route, at plant ;
2500-4500 Sq. ft. per metric ton, depending on t...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Palm kernel oil, processed, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Palm kernel oil, processed, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Palm kernel, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Palm kernel, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Panel trim, from trim and saw at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Panel trim, from trim and saw, at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Paper waste (water 0%) in waste incineration plant
industry-average technology mix MSWI, from municipal solid waste ;
production mix (region specific plants),...

USp-aggSphera

Paper waste on landfill, post-consumer
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.22 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Paper waste on landfill, post-consumer (according to the WARM model)
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.33 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Paper, bag and sack, unbleached kraft, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Paper, freesheet, coated, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Paper, freesheet, uncoated, average production , at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Paper, mechanical, coated, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Paper, mechanical, uncoated, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Paperbacked aluminium foil - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Paperbacked aluminium foil - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Paraxylene, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Paraxylene, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Particle board
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Particleboard, average, softwood, particleboard mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Pecan lumber, 1 inch (737 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
737 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Pecan lumber, 2 inch (737 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
737 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Pecan lumber, 4 inch (737 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
737 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Peeler core, from green veneer production at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Peeler core, from green veneer production at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Pentafluoroethane, HFC 125, R125 (estimated from HCF 152a)
hydrofluorination of tetrafluoroethene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.53 g/cm3, 120.02 g/mol

USaggSphera

Pesticide, corn, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Pesticide, Switchgrass

RNAu-soUSLCI

Petroleum coke at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
31 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Petroleum coke, at refinery

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Petroleum refining coproduct, for olefins production, at refinery

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Petroleum refining coproduct, for olefins production, at refinery

USu-soUSLCI

Petroleum refining coproduct, unspecified, at refinery

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Petroleum refining, at refinery

RNAu-soUSLCI

Phenol (from cumene)
Hock Process, oxidation of cumene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.07 g/cm3, 94 g/mol

USaggSphera

Phenol formaldehyde resin, neat, 47% solids

RNAu-soUSLCI

Phenol formaldehyde, at plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Phenol formaldehyde, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Phenol Resorcinol Formaldehyde resin, neat, 60% solids

RNAu-soUSLCI

Phenol-resorcinol-formaldehyde hardener, at plant

USaggUSLCI

Phenol-resorcinol-formaldehyde resin, at plant

USaggUSLCI

Phosphate concentrate (raw phosphate 31.9%)
concentrated, from raw phosphate ;
production mix, at plant ;
31.9% concentrated

USaggSphera

Phosphate mining and processing
enriched, phosphate rock mining, transport and processing ;
production mix, at plant ;
P2O5 concentration 32%

USaggSphera

Phosphoric acid (100%) (wet process)
wet process, from raw phosphate and sulphuric acid ;
single route, at plant ;
100%

USaggSphera

Phosphoric acid (54% P2O5, agrarian)
wet process ;
production mix, at plant ;
54%

USaggSphera

Phosphoric acid (75%)
wet process ;
production mix, at plant ;
75%

USaggSphera

Phosphorous fertilizer, production mix, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Phosphorous fertilizer, production mix, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Phosphorus ore mining and processing (raw phosphorus)
mining, processing and transportation to Europe ;
production mix, at plant ;
29% phosphorus pentoxide

USaggSphera

Phosphorus oxychloride (POCl3)
via phosphorus trichloride ;
single route, at plant ;
1.65 g/cm3, 153 g/mol

USaggSphera

Phosphorus trichloride (PCl3)
via chlorine and white phosphorus ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.57 g/cm3, 137 g/mol

USaggSphera

Phthalic anhydride (PSA) via oxidation
purified, oxidation of xylene wit air ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.53 g/cm3, 148 g/mol

USaggSphera

Piling, bole slash, in forest, steep slope forest, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Piling, whole tree slash, at landing, gentle slope forest, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Planed dried lumber processing, at planer mill, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Planed dried lumber processing, at planer mill, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Planed green lumber processing, at planer mill, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Planer shavings, at planer mill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Planer shavings, from dried lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Planer shavings, from green lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Planting, switchgrass 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Plastic recycling (clean scrap)
washing, granulation, pelletizing ;
single route, at plant ;
85% recycling quote, no metal contamination

USp-aggSphera

Plastic recycling (unspecified, high metal contamination)
washing, shredding, pelletizing ;
production mix, at plant ;
unspecified, high metal contamination

USp-aggSphera

Plastic waste on landfill, post-consumer
treatment of leachate, no landfill gas for energy use ;
production mix (region specific sites), ...

USp-aggSphera

Plastics wastes in waste incineration plant
industry-average technology mix MSWI, from municipal solid waste ;
production mix (region specific plants),...

USp-aggSphera

Plywood, at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Plywood, at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Poles, softwood, PCP treated

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyamide (PA) 6 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
32.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6 GF30 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
21.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6.6 GF25 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
24.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6.6 GF30 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
21.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6.6 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
32.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polyamide 6 Granulate (PA 6)
via caprolactam ;
production mix, at plant ;
113 g/mol per repeating unit, 32 MJ/kg net cal...

USaggSphera

Polyamide 6.6 granulate (PA 6.6) (HMDA from butadiene)
polycondensation of hexamethylene diamine and adipic acid, HMDA from butadiene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.14 g/cm3, 226.32 g/mol per repeating unit, 3...

USaggSphera

Polybutadiene (PB) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
41.6 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polybutadiene granulate (PB)
polymerization of butadiene ;
production mix, at plant ;
>100.000 g/mol

USaggSphera

Polybutadiene, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polybutadiene, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Polycarbonate (PC) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
29.6 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polycarbonate Granulate (PC)
durable material, posgenation of Bisphenol A ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.22 g/cm3

USaggSphera

Polycarbonate-acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene compound (80% PC, 20% ABS)
mixing, pelletizing and compounding ;
single route, at plant ;
80% polycarbonate, 20% acrylonitrile- butadiene-...

USaggSphera

Polyester Resin (unsaturated) (UP)
esterification and polymerization, from propylene glycol, phthalic anhydride and styrene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.22 to 1.38 g/cm3

USaggSphera

Polyether Polyol (from PO+EO)
addition of propylene oxide and ethylene oxide ;
production mix, at plant ;
5000 g/mol

USaggSphera

Polyethylene (PE) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
43.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polyethylene film (LDPE/PE-LD)
Polymerisation of ethylene, extruding and calendering ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives, 0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28.05 g/m...

USaggSphera

Polyethylene High Density Granulate (HDPE/PE-HD)
Polymerisation of ethylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

USaggSphera

Polyethylene high density granulate (HDPE/PE-HD) secondary
from post-consumer waste, via washing, granulation, pelletization ;
production mix, at plant ;
90% recycling rate

USp-aggSphera

Polyethylene Low Density Granulate (LDPE/PE-LD)
Polymerisation of ethylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

USaggSphera

Polyethylene low density granulate (LDPE/PE-LD) secondary
from post-consumer waste, via washing, granulation, pelletization ;
production mix, at plant ;
90% recycling rate

USp-aggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) granulate secondary
from post-consumer waste, via washing, granulation, pelletization ;
production mix, at plant ;
90% recycling rate

USp-aggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
22.2 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate bottle grade granulate (PET) via PTA
via purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and ethylene glycol ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives

USaggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate resin production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyethylene terephthalate resin production

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Polyethylene terephthalate, resin, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyethylene, high density, resin, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyethylene, linear low density, resin, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyethylene, low density, resin, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyiso Insulation Manufacturing
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

USu-soPIMA

Polyiso Manufacturing (Roof - R20.4)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

USaggPIMA

Polyiso Manufacturing (Roof - R25.5)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

USaggPIMA

Polyiso Manufacturing (Roof - R30.6)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

USaggPIMA

Polyiso Manufacturing (Roof - R35.7)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

USaggPIMA

Polyisocyanurate rigid foam board roof insulation, R=10.2 (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of polyisocyanurate rigid foam roof insulation board ;
single route, at plant ;
R-value = 10.2, 1.8 inch thickness

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Polyisocyanurate rigid foam board roof insulation, R=15 (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of polyisocyanurate rigid foam roof insulation board ;
single route, at plant ;
R-value = 15, 2.6 inch thickness

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Polyisocyanurate rigid foam board roof insulaton, R=20.5 (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of polyisocyanurate rigid foam roof insulation board ;
single route, at plant ;
R-value = 20.5, 3.5 inch thickness

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Polyisocyanurate rigid foam board wall insulation, R=14.6 (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of polyisocyanurate rigid foam board wall insulation ;
single route, at plant ;
R=14.6, 2.25 inch thickness

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Polyisocyanurate rigid foam board wall insulation, R=19.5 (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of polyisocyanurate rigid foam board wall insulation ;
single route, at plant ;
R=19.5, 3.00 inch thickness

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Polyisocyanurate rigid foam board wall insulation, R=4.9 (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of polyisocyanurate rigid foam board wall insulation ;
single route, at plant ;
R=4.9, 0.75 inch thickness

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Polyisocyanurate rigid foam board wall insulation, R=9.8 (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of polyisocyanurate rigid foam board wall insulation ;
single route, at plant ;
R=9.8, 1.50 inch thickness

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Polylactide Biopolymer Resin, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polymethyl methacrylates (PMMA) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
25.1 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polyol ether, for flexible foam polyurethane production, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyol ether, for flexible foam polyurethane production, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Polyol ether, for flexible foam polyurethane production, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyol ether, for rigid foam polyurethane production, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyol ether, for rigid foam polyurethane production, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Polyol ether, for rigid foam polyurethane production, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyoxymethylene granulate (POM)
formaldehyde polymerisation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.42 g/cm3

USaggSphera

Polyphenylene oxide
condensation polymerization ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives

USaggSphera

Polyphenylene oxide-Polystyrene blend (PPO/PS)
re- granulation of two components ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives

USaggSphera

Polyphenylene Sulfide Granulate (PPS)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
PPS granulate

USaggSphera

Polypropylene (PP) granulate secondary
from post-consumer waste, via washing, granulation, pelletization ;
production mix, at plant ;
90% recycling rate

USp-aggSphera

Polypropylene (PP) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
43.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polypropylene granulate (PP)
polymerisation of propene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91 g/cm3, 42.08 g/mol per repeating unit

USaggSphera

Polypropylene resin, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Polypropylene resin, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polypropylene, resin, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polystyrene (PS) granulate secondary
from post-consumer waste, via washing, granulation, pelletization ;
production mix, at plant ;
90% recycling rate

USp-aggSphera

Polystyrene (PS) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
39.6 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polystyrene high impact granulate (HI-PS)
polymerisation of styrene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.05 g/cm3, 104.15 g/mol per repeating unit

USaggSphera

Polystyrene, general purpose, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polystyrene, high impact, resin, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyurethane (PU) in waste incineration plant
iwaste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
25.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polyvinyl alcohol (from vinyl acetate) (PVAL)
hydrolysis of polyvinyl acetate ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.19- 1.31 g/cm3, 44.05 g/mol per repeating un...

USaggSphera

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
18.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Polyvinyl chloride granulate (Suspension, S-PVC)
polymerisation of vinyl chloride ;
production mix, at plant ;
62 g/mol per repeating unit, 16.75 MJ/kg net c...

USaggSphera

Polyvinyl chloride resin, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Polyvinyl chloride resin, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Polyvinyl chloride, resin, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Populated printed wiring board (after ROHS) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
11.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Populated printed wiring board (before ROHS) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
11.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

USp-aggSphera

Portland cement
technology mix ;
single route, at plant ;
92.9% clinker

USp-aggPCA/Sphera

Portland cement, at plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Portland cement, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Post, softwood, CCA treated, SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Potassium chloride (agrarian)
potassium chloride mining and processing ;
production mix, at plant ;
potassium compound content: 60%

CAaggSphera

Potassium chloride (agrarian)
potassium chloride mining and processing ;
production mix, at plant ;
potassium compound content: 60%

USaggSphera

Potassium hydroxide (KOH)
electrolysis, from sodium hydroxide and potassium chloride ;
single route, at plant ;
2.04 g/cm3, 56 g/mol

USaggSphera

Potato, whole plant, at field

USu-soUSLCI

Potato, whole plant, at field

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Precision sand casting, aluminum

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Precision sand casting, aluminum

RNAu-soUSLCI

Prefinished engineered wood flooring, at engineered wood flooring plant, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Pressed raw panels, hardwood, at engineered wood flooring plant, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Pressed raw panels, purchased, hardwood, at eng wood flooring plant, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Pressed raw plywood, from lay-up, at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Pressed raw plywood, from lay-up, at plywood plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Pressed raw plywood, from lay-up, at plywood plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Pressed raw plywood, from lay-up, at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Primary aluminum ingot
technology mix ;
consumption mix ;
2.7 g/cm3

RNAaggAA/Sphera

Process steam from hard coal 85%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 85% efficiency

CAaggSphera

Process steam from hard coal 85%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 85% efficiency

USaggSphera

Process steam from hard coal 90%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 90% efficiency

CAaggSphera

Process steam from hard coal 90%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 90% efficiency

USaggSphera

Process steam from heavy fuel oil (HFO) 90%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 90% efficiency

CAaggSphera

Process steam from heavy fuel oil (HFO) 90%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 90% efficiency

USaggSphera

Process steam from heavy fuel oil (HFO) 95%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 95% efficiency

USaggSphera

Process steam from heavy fuel oil (HFO) 95%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 95% efficiency

CAaggSphera

Process steam from light fuel oil (LFO) 90%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 90% efficiency

CAaggSphera

Process steam from light fuel oil (LFO) 90%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 90% efficiency

USaggSphera

Process steam from light fuel oil (LFO) 95%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 95% efficiency

USaggSphera

Process steam from light fuel oil (LFO) 95%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 95% efficiency

CAaggSphera

Process steam from natural gas 90%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 90% efficiency

USaggSphera

Process steam from natural gas 90%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 90% efficiency

CAaggSphera

Process steam from natural gas 95%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 95% efficiency

CAaggSphera

Process steam from natural gas 95%
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
MJ, 95% efficiency

USaggSphera

Process water from ground water
ion exchange, from groundwater ;
single route, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

USaggSphera

Process water from surface water
ion exchange, from surface water ;
single route, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

USaggSphera

Product

GLOu-soSphera

Product - area

GLOu-soSphera

Product - Energy

GLOu-soSphera

Product - kgkm

GLOu-soSphera

Product - pcs

GLOu-soSphera

Product - volume

GLOu-soSphera

Propane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.01 mg/mL, 44 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

USaggSphera

Propene (propylene)
steam cracker, from natural gas (80%) and naphtha (20%) ;
single route, at plant ;
1.91 kg/m3, 42.08 g/mol,45.77 MJ/kg net calorifi...

USaggSphera

Propylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
1.81 kg/m3, 42 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

USaggSphera

Propylene glycol (via PO-hydrogenation)
via PO-hydrogenation ;
single route, at plant ;
1.04 g/cm3, 76.10 g/mol

USaggSphera

Propylene oxide (Chlorohydrin process with Ca(OH)2)
purified, chlorohydrin process, from propene, chlorine and lime ;
single route, at plant ;
0.830 g/cm3, 58 g/mol, 30.91 MJ/kg net calorific...

USaggSphera

Propylene Oxide (Chlorohydrin Process with Cell Liquor)
purified, from cell liquor neutralisation ;
single route, at plant ;
0.830 g/cm3, 58 g/mol, 30.91 MJ/kg net calorific...

USaggSphera

Propylene oxide (Oxirane process)
purified, oxirane- process, from isobutane ;
single route, at plant ;
0.830 g/cm3, 58 g/mol, 30.91 MJ/kg net calorific...

USaggSphera

Propylene oxide, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Propylene oxide, at plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Propylene production

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Propylene production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Pulp chips, at rough green lumber production, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Pulp chips, at sawmill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Pulp chips, from dried lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Pulp chips, from green lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Pulp chips, from green veneer production at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Pulp chips, from green veneer production at plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Pulp, kraft market, bleached, average production, at mill

RNAu-soUSLCI

Pulpwood, hardwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Pulpwood, softwd, avg, state or private moist forest, at forest rd, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Pulpwood, softwood, average, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Pulpwood, softwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

RNAu-soUSLCI

Pulpwood, softwood, average, state or private dry forest, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Pulpwood, softwood, national forest, average, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Purified terephthalic acid (PTA)
highly pure, oxidation of p-xylene with air ;
single route, at plant ;
1.52 g/cmГ, 166 g/mol

USaggSphera

Pyrolysis gas
steam cracker, from natural gas (80%) and naphtha (20%) ;
production mix, at plant ;
41.6 MJ/kg net calorific value, 50% higher eff...

USaggSphera

Pyrolysis gasoline production

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Pyrolysis gasoline production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Quicklime, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Quicklime, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Railroad tie, hardwood, rough, green, at sawmill, SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Railroad ties, hardwood, creosote treated, SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Rapeseed, whole plant, at field

USu-soUSLCI

Rapeseed, whole plant, at field

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Recycled postconsumer HDPE pellet

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Recycled postconsumer PET flake

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Recycled postconsumer PET pellet

RNAu-soACC/NREL USLCI

Red Oak lumber, 1 inch (705 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
705 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Red Oak lumber, 2 inch (705 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
705 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Red Oak lumber, 4 inch (705 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
705 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Redwood Decking (California)
Average/Typical

USaggCORRIM

Refinery gas at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
48 MJ/kg net calorific value, 41% volume me...

USaggSphera

Refinery gas, at refinery

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Reforesting, average national softwood forest, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Reforesting, average state or private dry softwood forest, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Reforesting, average state or private moist cold softwood forest, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Reforesting, high intensity site, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Reforesting, high intensity site, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Reforesting, high intensity site, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Reforesting, high intensity site, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Reforesting, low intensity site, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Reforesting, low intensity site, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Reforesting, low intensity site, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Reforesting, low intensity site, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Reforesting, medium intensity site, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Reforesting, medium intensity site, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Reforesting, medium intensity site, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Reforesting, medium intensity site, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Reinforced EPDM single ply roofing membrane,60 mils, A1-A3 - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Reinforced EPDM single ply roofing membrane,60 mils,Installation(A5) - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Reinforced EPDM single ply roofing membrane,75 mils, A1-A3 - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 75 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Reinforced EPDM single ply roofing membrane,75 mils, Installation(A5) - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 75 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Reinforced ethylene propylene diene monomer roofing membrane [45mils] (A1-A3) - Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 45 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Reinforced ethylene propylene diene monomer roofing membrane [60mils] (A1-A3) - Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Reinforced ethylene propylene diene monomer roofing membrane [75mils] (A1-A3) - Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 75 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Reinforced ethylene propylene diene monomer(EPDM) single ply roofing membrane,45 mils (A5) -Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 45 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Reinforced ethylene propylene diene monomer(EPDM) single ply roofing membrane,60 mils (A5) -Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Reinforced ethylene propylene diene monomer(EPDM) single ply roofing membrane,75 mils (A5) -Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 75 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Remelt aluminium ingots - credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Remelt aluminium ingots - credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Remelt aluminium sows - credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Remelt aluminium sows - credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Residual fuel oil, at refinery

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Residual fuel oil, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Residual fuel oil, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soUSLCI

Retail - open input warehouse product
Grocery Store, Retail Store ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
storage density 20% building volume

USp-aggSphera

RFO, combusted in industrial boiler, at pulp and paper mill (EXCL.)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Rice, at field

RNAu-soUSLCI

Rice, at field

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Rock board insulation (heavy density)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

USaggNAIMA

Rock board insulation (light density)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

USaggNAIMA

Rock loose fill insulation
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Tile Wool (component in Acoustical Ceiling ...

USaggNAIMA

Roll formed metal cladding
via coil coating and roll forming ;
technology mix, at producer

USaggMCA

Rough green lumber processing, at sawmill, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Rough green lumber processing, at sawmill, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Rough green lumber, at sawmill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Rough green lumber, softwood, at sawmill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Roundwood, hardwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, hardwood, average, High Intensity Management, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, hardwood, average, Low Intensity Management, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, hardwood, average, Med Intensity Management, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, hardwood, green, at logyard, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, hardwood, green, at logyard, SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Roundwood, hardwood, green, at mill, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Roundwood, hardwood, green, at mill, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, hardwood, green, at mill, SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Roundwood, sftwd, state-private moist cold forest, steep slope, at forest rd,INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwd, avg, state or private moist cold forest, at forest rd, INW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Roundwood, softwd, state or private dry forest, gentle slope, at forest rd, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, average, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, average, High Intensity Management, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, average, Low Intensity Management, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, average, Med Intensity Management, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, average, state or private dry forest, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, average, state or private moist cold forest, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, green, at logyard, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, green, at logyard, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, green, at mill, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, green, at mill, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, national forest, average, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, national forest, gentle slope, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, national forest, steep slope, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, state or private dry forest, steep slope, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Roundwood, softwood, state-private moist cold forest, gentle slope, at forest road, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Sap Gum lumber, 1 inch (545 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
545 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Sap Gum lumber, 2 inch (545 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
545 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Sap Gum lumber, 4 inch (545 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
545 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Sawdust from I-Joist processing, at plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sawdust, at planer mill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sawdust, at rough green lumber production, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sawdust, at sawmill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sawdust, from dried lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sawdust, from green lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sawdust, from I-Joist processing, at plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sawdust, from trim and saw at plywood plant, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sawdust, from trim and saw, plywood plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sawn lumber, hardwood, planed, kiln dried, at planer mill, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Sawn lumber, hardwood, rough, green, at sawmill, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Sawn lumber, hardwood, rough, kiln dried, at kiln, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Sawn Lumber, softwood, planed, kiln dried, at planer mill, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Sawn lumber, softwood, planed, kiln dried, at planer, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Sawn lumber, softwood, rough, green, at sawmill, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Sawn lumber, softwood, rough, green, at sawmill, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Sawn lumber, softwood, rough, kiln dried, at kiln, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Sawn lumber, softwood, rough, kiln dried, at kiln, NE-NC

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Scanner, department, i3200, i3400

GLOu-soUSLCI

Scanner, department, i4200, i4600

GLOu-soUSLCI

Scanner, department, i5200, i5600

GLOu-soUSLCI

Scanner, department, i5200v, i5600v

GLOu-soUSLCI

Scanner, department, i5800

GLOu-soUSLCI

Scanner, desktop, i2900

GLOu-soUSLCI

Scanner, packaging and information sheets

GLOu-soUSLCI

Secondary Aluminum Ingot (from clean can scrap)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
97% recycling efficiency

RNAp-aggAA/Sphera

Secondary bonding application, rigid composites part, at plant

USu-soUSLCI

Seed cotton (conventional)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
40 kg/m3

USaggSphera

Seedlings, at greenhouse, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Seedlings, at greenhouse, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Seedlings, at greenhouse, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Seedlings, at greenhouse, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Semi-permanent mold (SPM) casting, aluminum

RNAu-soUSLCI

Sheet iron (sheet tin) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Sheet iron (sheet tin) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Short shoveling borings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Short shoveling borings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Shredded used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Shredded used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Silica sand (Excavation and processing)
mining, cleaning, grinding, screening ;
production mix, at plant ;
sand 0/2

USaggSphera

Silica sand (flour)
silica sand grinding ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size in the micrometer range

USaggSphera

Silver
ore extraction, roasting, shaft furnace, refinery ;
production mix, at plant ;
10.49 g/cm3, 107.89 g/mol

RNAaggSphera

Single-ply, white, polyester reinforced PVC roofing membrane, 48 mils (1.219 mm)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Site preparation, national softwood forest, gentle slope, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Site preparation, national softwood forest, steep slope, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Site preparation, state or private dry softwood forest, gentle slope, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Site preparation, state or private dry softwood forest, steep slope, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Site preparation, state or private moist cold softwood forest, gentle slope, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Site preparation, state or private moist cold softwood forest, steep slope, INW

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Skidding, aerial cable yarder, medium

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Skidding, grapple skidder, >140 HP

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Skidding, wheeled cable skidder, 120-160 HP

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Skidding, wheeled skidder, 120-140 HP

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Slack wax, at plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Slack wax, at plant, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Soda (Na2CO3)
Solvay process, from carbon dioxide and ammonia ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.53 g/cm3, 105 g/mol

USaggSphera

Soda, powder, at plant

USu-soUSLCI

Soda, powder, at plant

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sodium bicarbonate
purified, ammonia - soda process ;
single route, at plant ;
2.20 g/cm3, 84 g/mol

USaggSphera

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (from cotton/cellulose)
dried, Williamson ether synthesis, from cellulose, chloroacetic acid and caustic soda ;
production mix, at plant ;
90.000 G/mol

USaggSphera

Sodium chlorate (from sodium chloride)
electrolysis of sodium chloride ;
production mix, at factory ;
2.54 g/cm3, 106 g/mol

USaggSphera

Sodium chloride (rock salt)
salt mining and leaching ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.17 g/cm3, 58.44 g/mol

USaggSphera

Sodium chloride, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Sodium chloride, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sodium hydrogen sulfite (from NaOH and SO2)
from NaOH and SO2 ;
single route, at plant ;
1.79 g/cm3, 56.06 g/mol

USaggSphera

Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) mix (100%)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1

USaggSphera

Sodium hydroxide (from chlorine-alkali electrolysis, amalgam)
from chlorine-alkali electrolysis (amalgam), from sodium chloride ;
single route, at plant ;
39.99 g/mol

USaggSphera

Sodium hydroxide (from chlorine-alkali electrolysis, diaphragm)
sodium chloride electrolysis (diaphragm) ;
single route, at plant ;
39.99 g/mol

USaggSphera

Sodium hydroxide (from chlorine-alkali electrolysis, membrane)
from chlorine-alkali electrolysis (membrane), from sodium chloride ;
single route, at plant ;
39.99 g/mol

USaggSphera

Sodium hydroxide, production mix, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Sodium hypochlorite solution
production from chlorine gas, caustic soda and water ;
single route, at plant ;
1.11 g/cm3, 74.44 g/mol

USaggSphera

Soft Maple lumber, 1 inch (577 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
577 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Soft Maple lumber, 2 inch (577 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
577 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Soft Maple lumber, 4 inch (577 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
577 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at average intensity site, at mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at average intensity site, at mill, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at average intensity site, at mill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at average intensity site, at mill, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at high intensity site, at mill, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at high intensity site, at mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at high intensity site, at mill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at high intensity site, at mill, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at low intensity site, at mill, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at low intensity site, at mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at low intensity site, at mill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at low intensity site, at mill, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at medium intensity site, at mill, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at medium intensity site, at mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at medium intensity site, at mill, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at medium intensity site, at mill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Softwood lumber
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Softwood plywood
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Solid strip and plank flooring, hardwood, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Solid strip and plank flooring, hardwood, E

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Soot (c-carrier) by product ethyne (acetylene)
via SACHSSE-BARTHOLOME process, from natural gas ;
single route, at plant ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Sorted automotive castings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Sorted automotive castings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Sorted machine castings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Sorted machine castings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Soy biodiesel, production, at plant

RNAu-soUSB/NREL USLCI

Soy oil, refined, at plant

RNAu-soUSB/NREL USLCI

Soy-based polyol, at plant

RNAu-soUSB/NREL USLCI

Soy-based Resin, at plant

RNAu-soUSB/NREL USLCI

Soybean grains, at field

RNAu-soUSB/NREL USLCI

Soybean oil, conditioned (economic allocation)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
conditioned, not processed to edible

USaggSphera

Soybean oil, crude, degummed, at plant

RNAu-soUSB/NREL USLCI

Soybean, at farm (13% H2O content)
soy bean cultivation, harvesting and transport ;
production mix, at farm ;
13% H20

USaggSphera

Soybean, at field (13% H2O content)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
13% H20

USaggSphera

Soybeans, at field

RNAu-soUSLCI

Soybeans, at field

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Soybeans, at field, 1998-2001

RNAu-soUSB/NREL USLCI

Special scrap plate punchings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Special scrap plate punchings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Spray Foam Life Cycle - Low Density 1
industry mix for different thicknesses / applications of spray polyurethane foam ;
production mix, at installation site

USaggSPFA

Spray Foam Life Cycle - Low Density 2
industry mix for different thicknesses / applications of spray polyurethane foam ;
production mix, at installation site

USaggSPFA

Spray Foam Life Cycle - Medium Density 1
industry mix for different thicknesses / applications of spray polyurethane foam ;
production mix, at installation site

USaggSPFA

Spray Foam Life Cycle - Medium Density 2
industry mix for different thicknesses / applications of spray polyurethane foam ;
production mix, at installation site

USaggSPFA

Spray Foam Life Cycle - Roofing
industry mix for different thicknesses / applications of spray polyurethane foam ;
production mix, at installation site

USaggSPFA

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, 2-component, HFC blowing agent (A1-A3)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USaggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, 2-component, HFC blowing agent (A5)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USp-aggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, 2-component, HFO blowing agent (A1-A3)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USaggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, 2-component, HFO blowing agent (A5)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USp-aggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, closed cell, med density, HFC blowing agent (A1-A3)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USaggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, closed cell, med density, HFC blowing agent (A5)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USp-aggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, closed cell, med density, HFO blowing agent (A1-A3)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USaggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, closed cell, med density, HFO blowing agent (A5)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USp-aggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, open cell, low density (A1-A3)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USaggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, open cell, low density (A5)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USp-aggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, roofing, HFC blowing agent (A1-A3)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USaggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, roofing, HFC blowing agent (A5)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USp-aggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, roofing, HFO blowing agent (A1-A3)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USaggSPFA/Sphera

Spray polyurethane foam insulation, roofing, HFO blowing agent (A5)
single route, at plant ;
R = 1 m2·K/W

USp-aggSPFA/Sphera

Spring wheat straw, carted, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Spring wheat straw, ground and stored, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Spring wheat straw, production, average, US, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Starter strip, asphalt shingle roofing system component - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of starter strip (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
5.5 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Steel cold rolled coil
blast furnace route, electric arc furnace route ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kg, typical thickness between 0.15 - 3 mm. ty...

RNAaggAISI

Steel deck - Steel Deck Institute (SDI) (A1-A3)
deck production ;
production mix, at plant

USaggSphera-EPD

Steel hot dip galvanised
blast furnace route, electric arc furnace route ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kg, typical thickness between 0.3 - 3 mm. typ...

RNAaggAISI

Steel hot rolled coil
blast furnace route, electric arc furnace route ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kg, typical thickness between 2 - 7 mm. typic...

RNAaggAISI

Steel joist - Steel Joist Institute (SJI) (A1-A3)
joist production ;
production mix, at plant

USaggSphera-EPD

Steel merchant bar, Commercial Metals Company (A1-A3)
EAF route ;
Single producer, multiple locations ;
7833 kg/m3

USp-aggSphera-EPD

Steel mill scales - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Steel mill scales - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Steel pickled hot rolled coil
blast furnace route, electric arc furnace route ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kg, typical thickness between 2 - 7 mm. typic...

RNAaggAISI

Steel plate
blast furnace route, electric arc furnace route ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kg, typical thickness between 2 to 20 mm. The...

RNAaggAISI

Steel product, primary structural, beams and columns, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Steel product, secondary structural, girts and purlins, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Steel sections
blast furnace route, electric arc furnace route ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

RNAaggAISI

Steel specialty product- CISCA (A1-A3 & A5)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Average panel weight to area ratio ranges f...

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Steel tube - Bull Moose Tube (A1-A3)
steel tube production, cold forming ;
production mix, at plant ;
hollow structural sections (HSS), mechanical s...

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Steel wheel rims - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Steel wheel rims - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Steel, billets, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI

Steel, cold-formed studs and track, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Steel, liquid, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI

Steel, stainless 304, flat rolled coil

RNAaggUSLCI

Steel, stainless 304, quarto plate

RNAaggUSLCI

Steel, stainless 304, scrap

GLOaggUSLCI

Styrene
catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene (EBSM) ;
single route, at plant ;
0.91 g/cm3, 104 g/mol

USaggSphera

Styrene-butadiene rubber (E-SBR)
Emulsion polymerization of styrene and butadiene ;
single route, at plant ;
27% styrene content, 36 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Styrene-butadiene rubber (S-SBR)
suspension polymerization of styrene and butadiene ;
production mix, at plant ;
27% styrene content, 36 MJ/kg net calorific va...

USaggSphera

Styrene-butadiene-stryene (SBS)-modified bitumen (asphalt) roofing base sheet - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of a styrene-butadiene-stryene (SBS)-modified bitumen base sheet (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
2.7 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Styrene-butadiene-stryene (SBS)-modified bitumen (asphalt) roofing cap sheet - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of a styrene-butadiene-stryene (SBS)-modified bitumen cap sheet (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
4.5 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Succinic acid di butyl ester
catalytic hydration of maleic acid to succinic acid, esterification of succinic acid with butanol ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.977 g/cm3, 230.3 g/mol

USaggSphera

Sulfur trioxide (SO3 by product of diluted sulfuric acid)
evaporating oleum (estimated by sulphuric acid) ;
single route, at plant ;
1.92 g/cm3, 80 g/mol

USaggSphera

Sulfur, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Sulfuric acid, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Sulphur (elemental) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
elemental sulphur

USaggSphera

Sulphuric acid (37%)
via dilution of 96% sulphuric acid ;
production mix, at plant ;
37% concentrated

USaggSphera

Sulphuric acid (75%)
oxidation of sulphur ;
production mix, at plant ;
75% concentrated

USaggSphera

Sulphuric acid aq. (96%)
concentrated, sulphur dioxide route ;
single route, at plant ;
96%, 1.84 g/cm3

USaggSphera

Sulphuric acid aq. mix (96%)
concentrated, sulphur dioxide route ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
96% aqueous solution, M= 98.079 g/mol

USaggSphera

Supported aluminium cable - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Supported aluminium cable - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Surfaced dried lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Surfaced dried lumber, at planer mill, US SE

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Surfaced green lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Switchgrass, at conversion plant, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Switchgrass, carted, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Switchgrass, ground and stored, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Switchgrass, harvested, wet

RNAu-soUSLCI

Switchgrass, production, US, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Synthesis gas (CO:H2 = 1:1) from light fuel oil
autothermal steam reforming, from light fuel oil ;
production mix, at plant ;
50% hydrogen, 50% carbon monoxide

USaggSphera

Tap water from surface water
filtration, disinfection, ion removement etc., from surface water ;
production mix, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

USaggSphera

Tarkett rubber sheet flooring (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of rubber sheet flooring ;
Single producer, at plant

USaggSphera-EPD

Tarkett rubber sheet flooring installation (A5)
Installation of rubber sheet flooring ;
single route, at plant

USaggSphera-EPD

Tarkett rubber wall base installation (A5)
Installation of rubber wall base ;
single route, at plant

USaggSphera-EPD

Tarkett thermoset rubber wall base (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of a thermoset rubber wall base ;
Single producer, at plant ;
1/8 inch thickness

USaggSphera-EPD

TDF, combusted in industrial boiler, at pulp and paper mill (EXCL.)

RNAu-soUSLCI

Tensides (alcohol ethoxy sulfate (AES))
ethoxylation of alcohols, sulfonation ;
production mix, at plant ;
alcohol ethoxy sulfate

USaggSphera

Textile Manufacturing - Woven Fabric
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
cotton fabric manufacturing

GLOp-aggCottonInc

Textile Manufacturing- Knit Fabric
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
cotton fabric manufacturing

GLOp-aggCottonInc

Textiles on landfill, post-consumer
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.22 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Textiles waste in waste incineration plant
industry-average technology mix MSWI, from municipal solid waste ;
production mix (region specific plants),...

USp-aggSphera

Thermal energy from diesel
Combustion based on 1 MJ of thermal energy output ;
single route, at plant ;
eta 85%

USaggSphera

Thermal energy from gasoline
Combustion based on 1 MJ of thermal energy output ;
single route, at plant ;
eta 85%

USaggSphera

Thermal energy from hard coal
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
100% efficiency

CAaggSphera

Thermal energy from hard coal
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
100% efficiency

USaggSphera

Thermal energy from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant

USaggSphera

Thermal energy from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant

CAaggSphera

Thermal energy from kerosene
Combustion based on 1 MJ of thermal energy output ;
single route, at plant ;
eta 85%

USaggSphera

Thermal energy from light fuel oil (LFO)
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant

CAaggSphera

Thermal energy from light fuel oil (LFO)
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant

USaggSphera

Thermal energy from lignite
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
100% efficiency

USaggSphera

Thermal energy from natural gas
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
100% efficiency

USaggSphera

Thermal energy from natural gas
technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at heat plant ;
100% efficiency

CAaggSphera

Thermal energy from propane
Combustion of Propane in an Industrial or Commercial Boiler for Thermal Energy ;
production mix, at plant ;
Heating Content of Propane 91.5 million BTU/10...

USaggSphera

Thermal improvement of aluminum extrusions AEC
Thermal improvement of aluminum extrusion ;
single route, at plant ;
2500-4500 Sq. ft. per metric ton, depending on t...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Thermally improved aluminum extrusion, anodized - AEC (A1-A3)
Thermally improved aluminum extrusion, anodized ;
single route, at plant ;
2500-4500 Sq. ft. per metric ton, depending on t...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Thermally improved aluminum extrusion, mill finish - AEC (A1-A3)
Thermally improved aluminum extrusion, mill finish ;
single route, at plant ;
2500-4500 Sq. ft. per metric ton, depending on t...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Thermally improved aluminum extrusion, painted - AEC (A1-A3)
Thermally improved aluminum extrusion, painted ;
single route, at plant ;
2500-4500 Sq. ft. per metric ton, depending on t...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Thermoforming, rigid polypropylene part, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single ply roofing membrane [45 mils] (A5)-Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 45 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single ply roofing membrane [60 mils] (A5)-Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single ply roofing membrane [80 mils] (A5)-Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 80 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single ply roofing membrane, 45 mils (A1-A3) - Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 45 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single ply roofing membrane, 45 mils, A1-A3 - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 45 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single ply roofing membrane, 45 mils,Installation(A5) - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 45 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single ply roofing membrane, 60 mils, A1-A3 - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single ply roofing membrane, 60 mils, Installation(A5) - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single ply roofing membrane, 80 mils,Installation(A5) - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 80 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single ply roofing membrane,80 mils, A1-A3 - SPRI
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 80 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin(TPO) single ply roofing membrane, 60 mils (A1-A3) - Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 60 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyolefin(TPO) single ply roofing membrane, 80 mils (A1-A3) - Carlisle
industry mix ;
production mix (at plant) ;
single ply roofing membrane thickness = 80 mi...

USaggSphera-EPD

Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU, TPE-U) adhesive
reaction of methylene diisocyanate and polyether polyol ;
production mix, at plant ;
66.5% methylene diisocyanate, 33.5% polyether ...

USaggSphera

Tillage, conversation, corn production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Tillage, intensive, corn production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Tillage, reduce, corn production

RNAu-soUSLCI

Titanium dioxide pigment (chloride process)
chloride process, from rutile ;
single route, at plant ;
4.23 g/cm3, 79.87 g/mol

USaggSphera

Titanium dioxide pigment (sulphate process)
sulphate process, from rutile ;
single route, at plant ;
4.23 g/cm3, 79.87 g/mol

USaggSphera

Toluene (from pyrolysis gasoline)
from pyrolysis gasoline ;
single route, at plant ;
0.87 g/cm3, 92.14 g/mol

USaggSphera

Toluene by-product BTX (from reformate)
BTX; from reformate ;
single route, at plant ;
0.87 g/cm3, 92.14 g/mol

USaggSphera

Toluene diisocyanate, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Toluene diisocyanate, at plant, CTR

RNAu-soUSLCI

Toluene, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

Torch applied installation of APP-modified bitumen (asphalt) roofing membrane - ARMA (A5)
Torch applied installation process of APP-modified bitumen roofing membranes (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
9.8 kg/m2 total weight of cap sheet, base sheet,...

RNAp-aggSphera-EPD

Traditional aluminum curtain wall (A1-A3) [Kawneer Co. Inc.]
Cradle-to-gate production of traditional aluminum curtain wall systems ;
single route, at plant ;
1.5m x 1.6m; frame-to-glazing ration of 21.9% to...

USaggSphera-EPD

Transport, aircraft, freight

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, aircraft, freight

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, barge, average fuel mix

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, barge, average fuel mix

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, barge, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, barge, diesel powered

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, barge, residual fuel oil powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, barge, residual fuel oil powered

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, combination truck, average fuel mix

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, combination truck, average fuel mix

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, diesel powered

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, combination truck, gasoline powered

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, combination truck, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Northeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, long-haul, diesel powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Northeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, diesel powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, combination truck, short-haul, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, Northeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, intercity bus, diesel powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, Northeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, diesel powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, Northeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, light commercial truck, gasoline powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, motor home, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, motor home, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, motorcycle, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, ocean freighter, average fuel mix

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, ocean freighter, average fuel mix

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, ocean freighter, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, ocean freighter, diesel powered

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, ocean freighter, residual fuel oil powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, ocean freighter, residual fuel oil powered

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, passenger car, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, passenger car, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, passenger truck, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, passenger truck, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, pipeline, natural gas

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, pipeline, unspecified petroleum products

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, Northeast region

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, diesel powered, West region

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, refuse truck, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, Northeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, diesel powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, school bus, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, diesel powered

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, single unit truck, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, gasoline powered

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Northeast region

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, diesel powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, Northeast region

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, long-haul, gasoline powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Northeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, diesel powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, Northeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, single unit truck, short-haul, gasoline powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, train, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, train, diesel powered

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Transport, transit bus, CNG powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, Alaska

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, East North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, Hawaii

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, Northeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, Northwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, South

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, Southeast

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, Southwest

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, West

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, diesel powered, West North Central

RNAu-soUSLCI

Transport, transit bus, gasoline powered

RNAu-soUSLCI

Trenwyth® concrete masonry unit - Oldcastle (A1-A3)
single producer, at plant ;
1 cubic meter of architectural concrete mason...

USaggSphera-EPD

Trifluoroethane (R143a) (approximation)
hydrofluorination of perchloroethylene ;
single route, at plant ;
3.7 kg/m3, 84.04 g/mol

USaggSphera

Trim and saw process, at plywood plant, US PNW

RNAu-soUSLCI

Trim and saw process, at plywood plant, US SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Triple superphosphate (TSP)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
phosphorus compound content 45%

USaggSphera

Tris(2-chloroisopropyl)phosphate (TCPP)
via propylene oxide and phosphorus oxychloride ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.42 g/cm3, 285 g/mol

USaggSphera

Truck - auto carrier (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - Automobile Carrier / 40,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Beverage / 37,000 lb payload - 8a
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Curtainside / 48,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - dray (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - Dump Truck / 52,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - expedited (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - flatbed (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - Flatbed, platform, etc. / 14,000 lb payload - 7
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Flatbed, platform, etc. / 34,000 lb payload - 8a
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Flatbed, platform, etc. / 4,000 lb payload - 3
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Flatbed, platform, etc. / 49,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Flatbed, platform, etc. / 5,000 lb payload - 4
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Heavy Heavy-duty Diesel Truck / 50,000 lb payload -8a
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Heavy Heavy-duty Diesel Truck / 53,333 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - heavy/bulk (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - Insulated Refrigerated / 13,000 lb payload - 7
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Insulated Refrigerated / 32,000 lb payload - 8a
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Insulated Refrigerated / 47,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Light Heavy-duty Diesel Truck / 6,667 lb payload - 2b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Livestock / 50,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Lowboy / 45,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - LTL/dry van (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - Medium Heavy-duty Diesel Truck / 10,667 lb payload - 4
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Medium Heavy-duty Diesel Truck / 13,000 lb payload - 5
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Medium Heavy-duty Diesel Truck / 17,333 lb payload - 6
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Medium Heavy-duty Diesel Truck / 22,000 lb payload - 7
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Medium Heavy-duty Diesel Truck / 9,333 lb payload - 3
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Mobile Home Toter / 38,000 lb payload - 8a
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - moving (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - package (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - Pole, logging, pulpwood, or pipe / 50,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - refrigerated (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - specialized (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - Tank, dry bulk / 50,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Tank, liquid or gas / 50,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - Tank, Open Top / 50,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Truck - tanker (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - TL/dry van (EPA SmartWay)
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates vehicle type

USu-soSphera

Truck - Trailer, basic enclosed / 45,000 lb payload - 8b
Unit process, not pre-allocated ;
consumption mix ;
The dataset name indicates the vehicle type and payload...

USu-soSphera

Unclean motor blocks - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Unclean motor blocks - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Un-coated structural steel framing products (EPD)
Primary and Secondary steel ;
Single producer (at plant) ;
75% primary steel, 25% post-industrial steel

USaggClarkDietrich

Underlayment, asphalt shingle roofing system component - ARMA (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of leak barrier (1 m2) ;
single route, at plant ;
0.6 kg/m2

RNAaggSphera-EPD

Unsaturated polyester, resin, at plant

USu-soUSLCI

Untreated wood in waste incineration plant
industry-average technology mix MSWI, from municipal solid waste ;
production mix (region specific plants),...

USp-aggSphera

Untreated wood on landfill, post-consumer
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.33 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Untreated wood on landfill, post-consumer (according to the WARM model)
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.33 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Urea (agrarian)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
nitrogen content 46%

USaggSphera

Urea (stamicarbon process)
stami carbon process, from ammonia and carbon dioxide ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.32 g/cm3, 60 g/mol

USaggSphera

Urea ammonium nitrate (UAN)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
nitrogen content 30%

USaggSphera

Urea formaldehyde resin, neat, 65% solids

RNAu-soUSLCI

Utensil aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Utensil aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Vacuum infusion, rigid composites part, at plant

USu-soUSLCI

Veneer, hardwood, dry, at veneer mill, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Veneer, hardwood, green, at veneer mill, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Vinyl acetate (Acetic acid vinyl ester, VAM)
from ethylene and acetic acid ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.93 g/cm3, 86.09 g/mol

USaggSphera

Vinylchloride monomer (VCM)
chlorination of ethylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.86 kg/m3, 62.5 g/mol

USaggSphera

Walnut lumber, 1 inch (609 kg/m3), kiln-dried and steamed (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried and steamed walnut lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
609 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Walnut lumber, 2 inch (609 kg/m3), kiln-dried and steamed (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried and steamed walnut lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
609 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Walnut lumber, 4 inch (609 kg/m3), kiln-dried and steamed (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried and steamed walnut lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
609 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Warehousing, refrigerated - open input warehouse product
temperature-regulated warehouse ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
1 day

USp-aggSphera

Warehousing, unrefrigerated - open input warehouse product
temperature-regulated warehouse ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
1 day

USp-aggSphera

Waste water treatment mixer (agricultural sludge application/sludge incineration/landfilling)

GLOu-soSphera

Water deionized
highly pure, via ion exchange, from hydrochloric acid and caustic soda ;
single route, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

USaggSphera

Water deionized (reverse-osmosis/electro-deionization)
highly pure, via reverse osmosis/ electrodeionization, from ground water ;
single route, at plant ;
1 kg/l

USaggSphera

Wax / Paraffins at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Wheat straw, at conversion plant, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wheat, at field

USu-soUSLCI

Wheat, at field

USaggUSLCI/Sphera

White goods - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

White goods - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

White mineral oil, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

White mineral oil, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

White Oak lumber, 1 inch (769 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
769 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

White Oak lumber, 2 inch (769 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
769 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

White Oak lumber, 4 inch (769 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
769 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Whole prepared car bodies - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Whole prepared car bodies - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Willow lumber, 1 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Willow lumber, 2 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Willow lumber, 4 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Winter wheat grains, at field (15% H2O content)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
15% H2O

USaggSphera

Winter wheat straw, carted

RNAu-soUSLCI

Winter wheat straw, ground and stored

RNAu-soUSLCI

Winter wheat straw, production, average, US, 2022

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, E hardwood,gen at flooring prod plant,combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Wood fuel, hardwood, gen at lumber mill, combusted in industrial boiler, NE-NC

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, hardwood, generated at lumber mill, combusted in industrial boiler, SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, hardwood, generated at mill, combusted in industrial boiler, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, hardwood, purchased, combusted in industrial boiler, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, hardwood, purchased, combusted in industrial boiler, NE-NC

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, hardwood, purchased, combusted in industrial boiler, SE

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, hardwood,gen at flooring prod plant, combusted in industrial boiler, E

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, MDF, generated on-site, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, MDF, purchased, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, NE-NC hardwood, gen at lumber mill, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Wood fuel, NE-NC hardwood, purchased, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Wood fuel, NE-NC softwood, gen at lumber mill, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Wood fuel, NE-NC softwood, purchased, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Wood fuel, softwood, gen at lumber mill, combusted in industrial boiler, NE-NC

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, softwood, purchased, combusted in industrial boiler, NE-NC

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood fuel, unspecified

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Wood fuel, unspecified

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood product (OSB, particle board) waste in waste incineration plant
industry-average technology mix MSWI, from municipal solid waste ;
production mix (region specific plants),...

USp-aggSphera

Wood products (OSB, particle board) on landfill, post-consumer
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.34 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Wood products (OSB, particle board) on landfill, post-consumer (according to the WARM model )
treatment of leachate, production of electricity from percentage of landfill gas captured ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
0.33 MJ of electricity and 0.1...

USp-aggSphera

Wood waste, unspecified, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAaggUSLCI

Wood, particleboard, generated on-site, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soUSLCI

Wood, softwood, INW, generated at lumber mill, combusted in industrial boiler

RNAu-soCORRIM/NREL USLCI

Xylene (by product BTX) ( from reformate)
purified, aromatic distillation and isomer separation, from pyrolysis gasoline ;
single route, at plant ;
106 g/mol

USaggSphera

Xylenes, mixed, at plant

RNAaggUSLCI/Sphera

Xylenes, mixed, at plant

RNAu-soUSLCI

YKK AP America aluminum curtain wall system (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of aluminum curtain wall systems ;
Single producer, at plant ;
1 m2 of curtain wall system

USp-aggSphera-EPD

YKK AP America aluminum entrance system (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of an aluminum entrance system ;
Single producer, at plant ;
1.23 m by 2.18 m

USp-aggSphera-EPD

YKK AP America aluminum storefront systems (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of aluminum storefront systems ;
Single producer, at plant ;
1 m2 of storefront system

USp-aggSphera-EPD

YKK AP America aluminum window system (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of an aluminum window system ;
Single producer, at plant ;
1.23 m by 1.48 m

USp-aggSphera-EPD

YKK AP America aluminum window wall system (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of aluminum window wall systems ;
Single producer, at plant ;
1 m2 of window wall system

USp-aggSphera-EPD

YKK AP America sun control system (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of an aluminum sun control system ;
Single producer, at plant

USp-aggSphera-EPD

YKK AP America terrace door system (A1-A3)
Cradle-to-gate production of heavy-duty terrace doors ;
Single product, at plant ;
1.23 m by 2.18 m

USp-aggSphera-EPD

Zinc, sheet

GLOu-soUSLCI

Zinc, Special High Grade

GLOu-soUSLCI

Plans

Process name

Country

Type

Data source

Acetic acid production

LC

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer resin, ABS, at plant

LC

Alumina, at plant

LC

Aluminum ingot, production mix, at plant

LC

Aluminum recovery, transport, to plant

LC

Aluminum, cast, semi-permanent mold (SPM), at plant

LC

Aluminum, primary, ingot, at plant

LC

Aluminum, primary, smelt, at plant [restricted]

LC

Aluminum, secondary, extruded

LC

Aluminum, secondary, ingot, at plant

LC

Aluminum, secondary, ingot, from automotive scrap, at plant

LC

Aluminum, secondary, ingot, from beverage cans, at plant

LC

Aluminum, secondary, rolled

LC

Aluminum, secondary, shape casted

LC

Ammonia, steam reforming, liquid, at plant

LC

Anode, at plant

LC

Anthracite coal, at mine

LC

Anthracite coal, combusted in industrial boiler

LC

Automotive painting, electrocoating, per m2

LC

Automotive painting, electrocoating, per vehicle

LC

Automotive painting, pretreatment

LC

Automotive painting, top coat, per m2

LC

Automotive painting, top coat, per vehicle

LC

Bark mulch, at oriented strand board production, US SE

LC

Bark, at sawmill, US SE

LC

Bark, at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Bark, at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Bark, at rough green lumber sawmill, softwood, US PNW

LC

Bark, hardwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

LC

Bark, hardwood, average, High Intensity Management, NE-NC

LC

Bark, hardwood, average, Low Intensity Management, NE-NC

LC

Bark, hardwood, average, Med Intensity Management, NE-NC

LC

Bark, hardwood, green, at logyard, NE-NC

LC

Bark, hardwood, green, at mill, NE-NC

LC

Bark, sftwd, state-private moist cold forest, gentle slope, at frst rd, INW

LC

Bark, sftwd, state-private moist cold forest, steep slope, at forest rd,INW

LC

Bark, softwd, state or private dry forest, gentle slope, at forest rd, INW

LC

Bark, softwd, state or private dry forest, steep slope, at forest rd, INW

LC

Bark, softwood, average, at forest road, INW

LC

Bark, softwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

LC

Bark, softwood, average, High Intensity Management, US NE-NC

LC

Bark, softwood, average, Low Intensity Management, US NE-NC

LC

Bark, softwood, average, Med Intensity Management, US NE-NC

LC

Bark, softwood, average, state or private dry forest, at forest road, INW [p-agg]

LC

Bark, softwood, average, state or private moist cold forest, at forest road, INW

LC

Bark, softwood, green, at logyard, INW [p-agg]

LC

Bark, softwood, green, at logyard, NE-NC

LC

Bark, softwood, green, at mill, INW

LC

Bark, softwood, green, at mill, NE-NC

LC

Bark, softwood, national forest, average, at forest road, INW

LC

Bark, softwood, national forest, gentle slope, at forest road, INW

LC

Bark, softwood, national forest, steep slope, at forest road, INW

LC

Bauxite, at mine

LC

Benzene production

LC

Bitumen, at refinery

LC

Bituminous coal, at mine

LC

Bituminous coal, combusted in industrial boiler

LC

Butadiene production

LC

Chainsawing, delimbing, NE-NC [p-agg]

LC

Chainsawing, hand felling and delimbing, INW [p-agg]

LC

Chainsawing, hand felling, NE-NC [p-agg]

LC

Chlor-alkali electrolysis, average production mix, at plant (unallocated)

LC

Chlorine, production mix, at plant

LC

Chlorine, PVC producer average, at plant

LC

Composite wood I-joist processing, at plant, US PNW (unallocated)

LC

Composite wood I-joist processing, at plant, US SE (unallocated)

LC

Composite wood I-joist, at plant, US PNW

LC

Composite wood I-joist, at plant, US SE

LC

Conditioned log, at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Conditioned log, at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Co-products of glue laminated beam production, at plant, unspecified, US PNW

LC

Co-products of glue laminated beam production, at plant, unspecified, US SE

LC

Co-products of laminated veneer lumber production, unspecified, US PNW

LC

Coproducts of laminated veneer lumber production, unspecified, US SE

LC

Corn, whole plant, at field

LC

Cotton, whole plant, at field

LC

Crew to Burn Bole Only slash in the Woods, INW [p-agg]

LC

Crude oil, at production

LC

Crude oil, in refinery (unallocated)

LC

Crude palm kernel oil, at plant

LC

Debarked wood, at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Debarked wood, at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Debarking, at plywood plant, US PNW (unallocated)

LC

Debarking, at plywood plant, US SE (unallocated)

LC

Delimbing, slide boom delimber [p-agg]

LC

Deposit containers, at collection [p-agg]

LC

Deposit containers, at collection, CRV [p-agg]

LC

Diesel, at refinery

LC

Diesel, combusted in industrial boiler

LC

Diesel, combusted in industrial equipment

LC

Dry rough lumber, at kiln, US PNW

LC

Dry rough lumber, at kiln, US SE

LC

Dry veneer processing, at plywood plant, US PNW (unallocated)

LC

Dry veneer, at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Dry veneer, at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Dry veneer, sold, at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Dust and scrap, at oriented strand board production, US SE

LC

Electricity grid mix (production mix)

CA

LC

ts

Electricity grid mix, Alaska (production mix)

US

LC

ts

Electricity grid mix, East (production mix)

US

LC

ts

Electricity grid mix, Hawaii (production mix)

US

LC

ts

Electricity grid mix, Texas (production mix)

US

LC

ts

Electricity grid mix, West (production mix)

US

LC

ts

Electricity, alumina refining regions

LC

Electricity, aluminum smelting and ingot casting regions

LC

Electricity, anthracite coal, at power plant

LC

Electricity, at grid, Eastern US

LC

Electricity, at grid, Texas US

LC

Electricity, at grid, US

LC

Electricity, at grid, Western US

LC

Electricity, bauxite mining regions

LC

Electricity, biomass, at power plant

LC

Electricity, bituminous coal, at power plant

LC

Electricity, diesel, at power plant

LC

Electricity, lignite coal, at power plant

LC

Electricity, natural gas, at power plant

LC

Electricity, nuclear, at power plant

LC

Electricity, onsite boiler, softwood mill average, NE-NC

LC

Electricity, residual fuel oil, at power plant

LC

Ethylbenzene styrene, at plant

LC

Ethylene dichloride-vinyl chloride monomer, at plant

LC

Ethylene oxide, at plant

LC

Ethylene production

LC

Felling, feller buncher, > 200 HP, NE-NC [p-agg]

LC

Felling, feller buncher, >200 HP, INW [p-agg]

LC

Fines, at oriented strand board production, US SE

LC

Fuel grade uranium, at regional storage

LC

Fuel wood, hardwood, kiln-dried, at planer mill, NE-NC

LC

Fuel wood, softwood, green, at sawmill, NE-NC [p-agg]

LC

Gasoline, at refinery

LC

Gasoline, combusted in equipment

LC

General purpose polystyrene, at plant

LC

GLO: Transport, combination truck, diesel powered

LC

Glue laminated beam processing, at plant, US PNW (unallocated)

LC

Glue laminated beam processing, at plant, US SE (unallocated)

LC

Glue laminated beam, at plant, US PNW

LC

Glue laminated beam, at plant, US SE

LC

Glycerine, at plant

LC

Green veneer processing, at plywood plant, US PNW (unallocated)

LC

Green veneer processing, at plywood plant, US SE (unallocated)

LC

Green veneer, at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Green veneer, at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Green veneer, sold, at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Green veneer, sold, at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Greenhouse seedling, softwood, INW [p-agg]

LC

Harvesting, fresh fruit bunch, at farm

LC

High density polyethylene resin, at plant

LC

High impact polystyrene resin, at plant

LC

Hogfuel, from trim and saw at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Hogfuel, from trim&saw, plywood plant, US SE

LC

Hydrogen, liquid, chlor-alkali electrolysis, at plant

LC

Iron and steel, production mix

LC

Iron, sand casted

LC

Kerosene, at refinery

LC

Laminated veneer lumber processing, at plant, US PNW (unallocated)

LC

Laminated veneer lumber processing, at plant, US SE (unallocated)

LC

Laminated veneer lumber, at plant, US PNW

LC

Laminated veneer lumber, at plant, US SE

LC

Lignite coal, at surface mine

LC

Lignite coal, combusted in industrial boiler

LC

Limestone, at mine

LC

Linear low density polyethylene resin, at plant

LC

Liquefied petroleum gas, at refinery

LC

Liquefied petroleum gas, combusted in industrial boiler

LC

Loader operation, large, INW [p-agg]

LC

Loader operation, large, NE-NC [p-agg]

LC

Lost foam casting, aluminum

LC

Low density polyethylene resin, at plant

LC

Metallurgical coke, at plant

LC

Methanol, at plant

LC

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate resin, at plant, US PNW

LC

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate resin, at plant, US SE

LC

Mixed recyclables, at collection, commercial [p-agg]

LC

Mixed recyclables, at collection, curbside, volume basis [p-agg]

LC

Mixed recyclables, at collection, curbside, weight basis [p-agg]

LC

Mixed recyclables, at collection, dropoff center [p-agg]

LC

Mixed recyclables, sorted at MRF [p-agg]

LC

Mixed recyclables, to MRF [p-agg]

LC

Municipal waste water treatment (variable sludge treatment)

US

LC

ts

Natural gas, at extraction site

LC

Natural gas, combusted in industrial boiler

LC

Natural gas, combusted in industrial equipment

LC

Natural gas, processed, at plant

LC

Natural gas, processed, for olefins production, at plant

LC

Nitrogen fertilizer, production mix, at plant

LC

Oriented strand board processsing, at plant, US SE (unallocated)

LC

Oriented strand board product, US SE

LC

Oxygen, liquid, at plant

LC

Palm kernel oil, processed, at plant

LC

Palm kernel, at plant

LC

Panel trim, from trim and saw at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Panel trim, from trim and saw, at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Paraxylene, at plant

LC

Peeler core, from green veneer production at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Peeler core, from green veneer production at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Petroleum coke, at refinery

LC

Petroleum refining coproduct, for olefins production, at refinery

LC

Petroleum refining coproduct, unspecified, at refinery

LC

Phenol formaldehyde, at plant

LC

Phosphorous fertilizer, production mix, at plant

LC

Piling, bole slash, in forest, steep slope forest, INW [p-agg]

LC

Piling, whole tree slash, at landing, gentle slope forest, INW [p-agg]

LC

Planed dried lumber processing, at planer mill, US PNW (unallocated)

LC

Planed dried lumber processing, at planer mill, US SE (unallocated)

LC

Planed green lumber processing, at planer mill, US PNW (unallocated)

LC

Planer shavings, at planer mill, US SE

LC

Planer shavings, from dried lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

LC

Planer shavings, from green lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

LC

Plywood, at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Plywood, at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Polybutadiene, at plant

LC

Polyethylene terephthalate resin production

LC

Polyol ether, for flexible foam polyurethane production, at plant

LC

Polyol ether, for rigid foam polyurethane production, at plant

LC

Polypropylene resin, at plant

LC

Polyvinyl chloride resin, at plant

LC

Portland cement, at plant

LC

Potato, whole plant, at field

LC

Precision sand casting, aluminum

LC

Pressed raw plywood, from lay-up, at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Pressed raw plywood, from lay-up, at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Propylene oxide, at plant

LC

Propylene production

LC

Pulp chips, at rough green lumber production, US PNW

LC

Pulp chips, at sawmill, US SE

LC

Pulp chips, from dried lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

LC

Pulp chips, from green lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

LC

Pulp chips, from green veneer production at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Pulp chips, from green veneer production at plywood plant, US SE

LC

Pulpwood, hardwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

LC

Pulpwood, hardwood, average, High Intensity Management, NE-NC

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Pulpwood, hardwood, average, Low Intensity Management, NE-NC

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Pulpwood, hardwood, average, Med Intensity Management, NE-NC

LC

Pulpwood, sftwd, state-private moist cold forest, gentle slope, at frst rd, INW

LC

Pulpwood, sftwd, state-private moist cold forest, steep slope, at forest rd,INW

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Pulpwood, softwd, avg, state or private moist forest, at forest rd, INW

LC

Pulpwood, softwd, state or private dry forest, gentle slope, at forest rd, INW

LC

Pulpwood, softwd, state or private dry forest, steep slope, at forest rd, INW

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Pulpwood, softwood, average, at forest road, INW

LC

Pulpwood, softwood, average, state or private dry forest, at forest road, INW

LC

Pulpwood, softwood, national forest, average, at forest road, INW

LC

Pulpwood, softwood, national forest, gentle slope, at forest road, INW

LC

Pulpwood, softwood, national forest, steep slope, at forest road, INW

LC

Pyrolysis gasoline production

LC

Quicklime, at plant

LC

Rapeseed, whole plant, at field

LC

Recycled postconsumer HDPE pellet [p-agg]

LC

Recycled postconsumer PET flake [p-agg]

LC

Recycled postconsumer PET pellet [p-agg]

LC

Refinery gas, at refinery

LC

Reforesting, average national softwood forest, INW

LC

Reforesting, average state or private dry softwood forest, INW

LC

Reforesting, average state or private moist cold softwood forest, INW

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Reforesting, high intensity site, US PNW

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Reforesting, high intensity site, US SE

LC

Reforesting, low intensity site, US PNW

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Reforesting, low intensity site, US SE

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Reforesting, medium intensity site, US PNW

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Reforesting, medium intensity site, US SE

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Residual fuel oil, at refinery

LC

Residual fuel oil, combusted in industrial boiler

LC

Rice, at field

LC

RNA: Corn grain, at conversion plant, 2022

LC

RNA: Corn grain, harvested and stored

LC

RNA: Corn stover, carted

LC

RNA: Corn stover, ground and stored

LC

RNA: Corn stover, production, average, US, 2022

LC

RNA: Corn wet milling, operations, AP-42

LC

RNA: Corn, production, average, US, 2022

LC

RNA: Ethanol, 85%, at blending terminal, 2022

LC

RNA: Ethanol, 85%, blended, at service station, 2022

LC

RNA: Ethanol, denatured, at refueling station, 2022

LC

RNA: Ethanol, denatured, corn dry mill

LC

RNA: Ethanol, denatured, corn stover, biochemical

LC

RNA: Ethanol, denatured, forest residues, thermochemical

LC

RNA: Ethanol, denatured, mixed feedstocks, at conversion facility, 2022

LC

RNA: Ethanol, denatured, switchgrass, biochemical

LC

RNA: Ethanol, denatured, wheat straw, biochemical

LC

RNA: Fertilizer, corn, 2022

LC

RNA: Fertilizer, stover, 2022

LC

RNA: Fertilizer, switchgrass, 2022

LC

RNA: Fertilizer, winter wheat straw, 2022

LC

RNA: Forest residue, dried, stored

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RNA: Forest residue, preprocessed, at conversion facility

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RNA: Grinding

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RNA: Harvest, wheat, single pass

LC

RNA: Lime, agricultural, corn production

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RNA: Loose fill, biodegradable

LC

RNA: Pesticide, corn, 2022

LC

RNA: Pesticide, switchgrass

LC

RNA: Soybean oil, crude, degummed, at plant

LC

RNA: Spring wheat straw, carted, 2022

LC

RNA: Spring wheat straw, ground and stored, 2022

LC

RNA: Spring wheat straw, production, average, US, 2022

LC

RNA: Switchgrass, at conversion plant, 2022

LC

RNA: Switchgrass, carted, 2022

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RNA: Switchgrass, ground and stored, 2022

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RNA: Switchgrass, harvested, wet

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RNA: Switchgrass, production, US, 2022

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RNA: Wheat straw, at conversion plant, 2022

LC

RNA: Winter wheat straw, carted

LC

RNA: Winter wheat straw, ground and stored

LC

RNA: Winter wheat straw, production, average, US, 2022

LC

Rough green lumber processing, at sawmill, US PNW (unallocated)

LC

Rough green lumber processing, at sawmill, US SE (unallocated)

LC

Rough green lumber, at sawmill, US SE

LC

Rough green lumber, softwood, at sawmill, US PNW

LC

Roundwood, hardwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

LC

Roundwood, hardwood, average, High Intensity Management, NE-NC

LC

Roundwood, hardwood, average, Low Intensity Management, NE-NC

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Roundwood, hardwood, average, Med Intensity Management, NE-NC

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Roundwood, hardwood, green, at logyard, NE-NC

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Roundwood, hardwood, green, at mill, NE-NC

LC

Roundwood, sftwd, state-private moist cold forest, gentle slope, at frst rd, INW

LC

Roundwood, sftwd, state-private moist cold forest, steep slope, at forest rd,INW

LC

Roundwood, softwd, avg, state or private moist cold forest, at forest rd, INW

LC

Roundwood, softwd, state or private dry forest, gentle slope, at forest rd, INW

LC

Roundwood, softwd, state or private dry forest, steep slope, at forest rd, INW

LC

Roundwood, softwood, average, at forest road, INW

LC

Roundwood, softwood, average, at forest road, NE-NC

LC

Roundwood, softwood, average, High Intensity Management, NE-NC

LC

Roundwood, softwood, average, Low Intensity Management, NE-NC

LC

Roundwood, softwood, average, Med Intensity Management, NE-NC

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Roundwood, softwood, average, state or private dry forest, at forest road, INW

LC

Roundwood, softwood, green, at logyard, INW [p-agg]

LC

Roundwood, softwood, green, at logyard, NE-NC

LC

Roundwood, softwood, green, at mill, INW

LC

Roundwood, softwood, green, at mill, NE-NC

LC

Roundwood, softwood, national forest, average, at forest road, INW

LC

Roundwood, softwood, national forest, gentle slope, at forest road, INW

LC

Roundwood, softwood, national forest, steep slope, at forest road, INW

LC

Sawdust from I-Joist processing, at plant, US SE

LC

Sawdust, at planer mill, US SE

LC

Sawdust, at rough green lumber production, US PNW

LC

Sawdust, at sawmill, US SE

LC

Sawdust, from dried lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

LC

Sawdust, from green lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

LC

Sawdust, from I-Joist processing, at plant, US PNW

LC

Sawdust, from trim and saw at plywood plant, US PNW

LC

Sawdust, from trim and saw, plywood plant, US SE

LC

Sawn lumber, hardwood, planed, kiln dried, at planer mill, NE-NC

LC

Sawn lumber, hardwood, rough, green, at sawmill, NE-NC

LC

Sawn lumber, hardwood, rough, kiln dried, at kiln, NE-NC

LC

Sawn Lumber, softwood, planed, kiln dried, at planer mill, INW

LC

Sawn lumber, softwood, planed, kiln dried, at planer, NE-NC

LC

Sawn lumber, softwood, rough, green, at sawmill, INW

LC

Sawn lumber, softwood, rough, green, at sawmill, NE-NC [p-agg]

LC

Sawn lumber, softwood, rough, kiln dried, at kiln, INW

LC

Sawn lumber, softwood, rough, kiln dried, at kiln, NE-NC

LC

Seedlings, at greenhouse, US PNW

LC

Seedlings, at greenhouse, US SE

LC

Site preparation, national softwood forest, gentle slope, INW

LC

Site preparation, national softwood forest, steep slope, INW

LC

Site preparation, state or private dry softwood forest, gentle slope, INW

LC

Site preparation, state or private dry softwood forest, steep slope, INW

LC

Site preparation, state or private moist cold softwood forest, gentle slope, INW

LC

Site preparation, state or private moist cold softwood forest, steep slope, INW

LC

Skidding, aerial cable yarder, medium

LC

Skidding, grapple skidder, >140 HP [p-agg]

LC

Skidding, wheeled cable skidder, 120-160 HP [p-agg]

LC

Skidding, wheeled skidder, 120-140 HP [p-agg]

LC

Slack wax, at plant, US SE

LC

Soda, powder, at plant

LC

Sodium chloride, at plant

LC

Sodium hydroxide, production mix, at plant

LC

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at average intensity site, at mill, US PNW

LC

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at average intensity site, at mill, US SE

LC

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at high intensity site, at mill, US PNW

LC

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at high intensity site, at mill, US SE

LC

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at low intensity site, at mill, US PNW

LC

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at low intensity site, at mill, US SE

LC

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at medium intensity site, at mill, US PNW

LC

Softwood logs with bark, harvested at medium intensity site, at mill, US SE

LC

Soy biodiesel, production, at plant, [p-agg]

LC

Soy oil, refined at plant [p-agg]

LC

Soy-based polyol, at plant, [p-agg]

LC

Soy-based resin, at plant, [p-agg]

LC

Soybean grains, at field, [p-agg]

LC

Soybean oil, crude, degummed, at plant, [p-agg]

LC

Soybeans, at field

LC

Soybeans, at field, 1998-2001 [p-agg]

LC

Surfaced dried lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

LC

Surfaced dried lumber, at planer mill, US SE

LC

Surfaced green lumber, at planer mill, US PNW

LC

Transport, aircraft, freight

LC

Transport, barge, average fuel mix

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Transport, barge, diesel powered

LC

Transport, barge, residual fuel oil powered

LC

Transport, combination truck, average fuel mix

LC

Transport, combination truck, gasoline powered

LC

Transport, ocean freighter, average fuel mix

LC

Transport, ocean freighter, diesel powered

LC

Transport, ocean freighter, residual fuel oil powered

LC

Transport, single unit truck, diesel powered

LC

Transport, single unit truck, gasoline powered

LC

Transport, train, diesel powered

LC

Trim and saw process, at plywood plant, US PNW (unallocated)

LC

Trim and saw process, at plywood plant, US SE (unallocated)

LC

Wheat, at field

LC

White mineral oil, at plant

LC

Wood fuel, hardwood, green, at sawmill, NE-NC

LC

Wood fuel, NE-NC hardwood, gen at lumber mill, combusted in industrial boiler

LC

Wood fuel, NE-NC hardwood, purchased, combusted in industrial boiler

LC

Wood fuel, NE-NC softwood, gen at lumber mill, combusted in industrial boiler

LC

Wood fuel, NE-NC softwood, purchased, combusted in industrial boiler [p-agg]

LC

Wood fuel, softwood, green, at sawmill, INW

LC

Wood fuel, softwood, kiln dried, NE-NC

LC

Wood fuel, unspecified [p-agg]

LC

Wood, softwood, INW, generated at lumber mill, combusted in industrial boiler [p-agg]

LC

Xylenes, mixed, at plant

LC