GaBi Solutions

Professional database 2021

Process nameCountryTypeData source

1,3-Butadiene
oxidative catalytic dehydrogenation of C4 ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.4982 kg/m3, 54.09 g/mol

ITaggSphera

1,3-Butadiene
oxidative catalytic dehydrogenation of C4 ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.4982 kg/m3, 54.09 g/mol

DEaggSphera

2-Ethylhexyl Acrylate
acid-catalysed esterification reaction of acrylic acid and 2-ethylhexanol ;
production mix, at producer

EU-28aggEBAM

Acetaldehyde (Ethanal)
via ethylene and oxygen ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.78 g/cm3, 44 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Acetic acid from methanol (low pressure carbonylation) (Monsanto process)
catalytic reaction of methanol and carbon monoxide ;
single route, at plant ;
1.05 g/cm3, 605 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Acetone
Hock Process, oxidation of cumene ;
single route, at plant ;
0.79 g/cm3, 58 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Acetone
Hock Process, oxidation of cumene ;
single route, at plant ;
0.79 g/cm3, 58 g/mol

ITaggSphera

Acetone
Hock Process, oxidation of cumene ;
single route, at plant ;
0.79 g/cm3, 58 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Acetone (dimethyl ketone)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Acetone (via isopropanol)
dehydrogenation of isopropanol ;
single route, at plant ;
0.79 g/cm3, 58 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Acetone cyanohydrine
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Acetonitrile
ammoxidation of propene ;
production mix, at plant ;
786 mg/mL, 41 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Acrylate sealing mass (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Acrylate

EU-28aggSphera

Acrylic acid (Propene)
oxidation of propene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.05 g/cm3, 72.06 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Acrylic acid (Propene)
oxidation of propene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.05 g/cm3, 72.06 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Acrylonitrile (AN)
propene ammoxidation, by- product ammonium sulphate ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.81 g/cm3, 53.06 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Acrylonitrile (AN)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)
emulsion polymerisation, bulk polymerisation or combined processes ;
production mix, at producer ;
n/a

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
39.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
39.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Granulate (ABS)
polymerisation of acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.060- 1.080 g/cm3, 39.0 MJ/kg net calorific v...

DEaggSphera

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Granulate (ABS) Mix
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.060- 1.080 g/cm3, 39.0 MJ/kg net calorific v...

DEaggSphera

Adipic acid
purified, cyclohexane oxidation route, with nitric acid ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.36 g/cm3, 146 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Aerated concrete block
mix of P2 04 and P4 05 ;
production mix, at plant ;
average density 433 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Aerated concrete block
type P4 05 reinforced ;
production mix, at plant ;
average density 485 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Aerated concrete block (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
average density 400 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Aerated concrete block (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
average density 500 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Aerated concrete granulate (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
average density 400 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Aerated concrete P2 04 not reinforced
P2 04 ;
production mix, at plant ;
380 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Air ventilation duct (zinc coated steel plate) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
zinc coated steel plate

EU-28p-aggSphera

Air ventilation duct (zinc coated steel plate) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
zinc coated steel plate

EU-28aggSphera

Air ventilation duct (zinc coated steel plate) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
zinc coated steel plate

EU-28aggSphera

Airbus 310-200F production
material composition, without airplane manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
310-200F (cargo plane)

GLOp-aggSphera

Airbus 330-200F production
material composition, without airplane manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
330-200F (cargo plane)

GLOp-aggSphera

Airport (per passenger)
airport construction and annual operation ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
construction and annual operatio...

DEp-aggSphera

Aliphatic Isocyanates
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
mix of aliphatic isocyanates (Hexamethylene...

EU-28aggALIPA

Alumina production 2015
production of smelter grade alumina ;
single route, at plant ;
3.94 g/cm3

CNu-soIAI

Alumina production 2015
production of smelter grade alumina ;
single route, at plant ;
3.94 g/cm3

EU-28u-soIAI

Alumina production 2015
production of smelter grade alumina ;
single route, at plant ;
3.94 g/cm3

RLAu-soIAI

Alumina production 2015
production of smelter grade alumina ;
single route, at plant ;
3.94 g/cm3

RNAu-soIAI

Alumina production 2015
production of smelter grade alumina ;
single route, at plant ;
3.94 g/cm3

OCEu-soIAI

Alumina production 2015
production of smelter grade alumina ;
single route, at plant ;
3.94 g/cm3

GLOu-soIAI

Aluminium auto fragments - scrap credit (open loop)
via shredding and magnetic separation ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium auto fragments - scrap credit (open loop)
via shredding and magnetic separation ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium auto rads - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium auto rads - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium auto wheels - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium auto wheels - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium casement frame section, powder coated (205) 1m (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix ;
1,469 kg/unit

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium casement frame section, thermally separated, powder coated
aluminium extrusion profile processing, powder coating ;
production mix, at plant ;
1,51 kg/m

CNaggSphera

Aluminium cast machining
technology mix ;
single route, at plant

DEu-soSphera

Aluminium die-cast part
technology mix ;
single route, at plant

DEu-soSphera

Aluminium extrusion profile
primary production ;
primary production mix, at plant ;
aluminium semi-finished extrusion prod...

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium extrusion profile - open input aluminium ingot
primary production ;
primary production mix, at plant ;
aluminium semi-finished extrusion prod...

DEp-aggSphera

Aluminium extrusion profile - open input aluminium ingot
primary production ;
primary production mix, at plant ;
aluminium semi-finished extrusion prod...

EU-28p-aggSphera

Aluminium extrusion profile (2015)
aluminium extrusion (i.e. profiles, bars) produced out of an aluminium extrusion press ;
production mix, at European producer (i.... ;
Aluminium extrusion profiles

EU28+EFTAp-aggEuropean Aluminium

Aluminium extrusion profile mix
primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
aluminium semi-finished extrusion product,...

DEaggSphera

Aluminium extrusions - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium extrusions - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium foil
technology mix of hot/ cold rolling and strip casting, cutting and packaging ;
production mix, at plant ;
39% offcut, scrap recycling

DEaggSphera

Aluminium foil
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
5-200 micro metres

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium foil - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium foil - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium foil (2014)
Two successive stages in the production of aluminium foil: first the production of foilstock from ingot (2 possible routes - hot rolling or continuous casting) followed by the cold rolling operations to achieve the desired aluminium foil features ;
production mix, at producer ;
Aluminium foil, 0.005-0.2 mm

EU-28p-aggEuropean Aluminium

Aluminium frame profile, powder coated (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1,02 kg/m

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium frame profile, thermically isolated, powder coated (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1,43 kg/m

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium ingot mix
primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
aluminium ingot product

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium ingot mix
primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
aluminium ingot product, primary production

DEaggSphera

Aluminium ingot mix IAI (2010)
Primary production ;
production mix, at producer ;
Aluminium ingot mix

RoWaggIAI

Aluminium ingot mix IAI (2010)
Primary production ;
production mix, at producer ;
Aluminium ingot mix

GLOaggIAI

Aluminium ingot mix IAI 2015
Primary production ;
production mix, at producer ;
Aluminium ingot mix

CNaggIAI/Sphera

Aluminium ingot mix IAI 2015
Primary production ;
production mix, at producer ;
Aluminium ingot mix

GLOaggIAI/Sphera

Aluminium ingot mix IAI 2015
Primary production ;
production mix, at producer ;
Aluminium ingot mix

RMEaggIAI/Sphera

Aluminium ingot mix IAI 2015
Primary production ;
production mix, at producer ;
Aluminium ingot mix

RUaggIAI/Sphera

Aluminium ingot mix IAI 2015
Primary production ;
production mix, at producer ;
Aluminium ingot mix

CAaggIAI/Sphera

Aluminium litho sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium litho sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium nodules - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Aluminium nodules - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium profile
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
aluminium semi-finished extrusion product,...

CNaggSphera

Aluminium profile (EN15804 A1-A3)
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
aluminium semi-finished sheet product, includi...

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium profile (folded 65/400) - IFBS (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix ;
1m², weight 3.5 kg/m², thickness 0.75 mm, height 65 mm

EU-28aggSphera-EPD

Aluminium profile (trapezoidal 35/207) - IFBS (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix ;
1m², weight 2.3 kg/m², thickness 0.7 mm, height 35mm

EU-28aggSphera-EPD

Aluminium refining: casting alloy ingot from scrap (2010)
recycling of scrap, rotary and reverbatory furnaces (including salt slag and dross treatment) ;
technology mix ;
Aluminium scrap to casting alloy ingot

EU28+EFTAp-aggEuropean Aluminium

Aluminium remelting: wrought alloys ingot from scrap (2015)
remelting of aluminium scrap (both pre and post consumer scrap) to wrought alloy ingot ;
technology mix ;
Remelting of aluminium scrap into wrought ingot

EU28+EFTA+Turkeyp-aggEuropean Aluminium

Aluminium sheet
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
aluminium semi-finished sheet product, inc...

CNaggSphera

Aluminium sheet - open input aluminium rolling ingot
rolling of slab ;
production mix, at plant ;
primary aluminium, sheet thickness between 0.2...

EU-28p-aggSphera

Aluminium sheet (2015)
aluminium sheet (i.e. Flat Rolled Products) produced out of an aluminium rolling mill ;
production mix, at European producer (i.... ;
Aluminium sheet has got a thic...

EU28+EFTA+Turkeyp-aggEuropean Aluminium

Aluminium sheet (EN15804 A1-A3)
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
aluminium semi-finished sheet product, includi...

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium sheet deep drawing
technology mix ;
single route, at plant

DEu-soSphera

Aluminium sheet mix
primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
primary aluminium, sheet thickness between...

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium sheet mix
primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
primary aluminium, sheet thickness between...

DEaggSphera

Aluminium turnings - scrap credit (open loop)
clean machining scrap ;
production mix, at plant ;
ISRI code TELIC

EU-15u-soSphera

Aluminium turnings - scrap credit (open loop)
clean machining scrap ;
production mix, at plant ;
ISRI code TELIC

USu-soSphera

Aluminium window fitting combination (turn-tilt) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2,63 kg/piece

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium wing frame profile, thermically isolated, powder coated (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1,51 kg/m

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminum can sheet rolling
technology mix ;
production mix ;
2.7 g/cm3

USp-aggAA/Sphera

American Tulipwood lumber, 1 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

American Tulipwood lumber, 2 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

American Tulipwood lumber, 4 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Ammonia (NH3)
Haber- Bosch- Process, from natural gas, including primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.86 kg/m3, 17.031 g/mol

EU-28aggFertilizers Europe

Ammonia (NH3) production mix, without CO2 recovery (carbon dioxide emissions to air)
Haber-Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.7714 kg/m3, 17.03 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) synthesis with CO2 recovery, by-product carbon dioxide (without allocation)
Haber-Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.7714 kg/m3, 17.03 g/mol

DEp-aggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) synthesis with CO2 recovery, by-product carbon dioxide (without allocation)
Haber-Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.7714 kg/m3, 17.03 g/mol

EU-28p-aggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) with CO2 recovery, by-product carbon dioxide (economic allocation)
Haber-Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.7714 kg/m3, 17.03 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) with CO2 recovery, by-product carbon dioxide (economic allocation)
Haber-Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.7714 kg/m3, 17.03 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) without CO2 recovery (carbon dioxide emissions to air)
Haber- Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
17 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) without CO2 recovery (carbon dioxide emissions to air)
Haber- Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
17 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) without CO2 recovery, feedstock coal (carbon dioxide emissions to air)
Haber-Bosch process, from coal ;
single route, at plant ;
0.7714 kg/m3, 17.03 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Ammonium nitrate (AN, 33.5% N)
from ammonia and nitric acid, including primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
33.5 % nitrogen content

EU-28aggFertilizers Europe

Ammonium phosphate (AP, 52% P2O5, 8.4% N)
from ammonia and phosphate rock, including primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
52 % phosphate, 8.4 % nitrogen

EU-28aggFertilizers Europe

Anhydrite (CaSO4) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix of natural (33%), thermal (33%) and synthetic (33%) produced anhydrite ;
production mix, at plant ;
grinded and purified product

EU-28aggSphera

Anhydrite (CaSO4) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix of natural (33%), thermal (33%) and synthetic (33%) produced anhydrite ;
production mix, at plant ;
grinded and purified product

DEaggSphera

Aniline (Phenyl amine, Amino benzene)
catalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.022 g/cm3, 93.13 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Aniline (Phenyl amine, Amino benzene)
catalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.02 g/cm3, 93 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Anode production 2015
production of prebaked anode blocks ;
single route, at plant ;
containing pitch and calcined petrol coke

RMEu-soIAI

Anode production 2015
production of prebaked anode blocks ;
single route, at plant ;
containing pitch and calcined petrol coke

OCEu-soIAI

Anode production 2015
production of prebaked anode blocks ;
single route, at plant ;
containing pitch and calcined petrol coke

CNu-soIAI

Anode production 2015
production of prebaked anode blocks ;
single route, at plant ;
containing pitch and calcined petrol coke

GLOu-soIAI

Anode/Paste production 2015
production of prebaked anode blocks and Søderberg paste briquettes ;
single route, at plant ;
containing pitch and calcined petrol coke

CAu-soIAI

Anode/Paste production 2015
production of prebaked anode blocks and Søderberg paste briquettes ;
single route, at plant ;
containing pitch and calcined petrol coke

RLAu-soIAI

Anode/Paste production 2015
production of prebaked anode blocks and Søderberg paste briquettes ;
single route, at plant ;
containing pitch and calcined petrol coke

RNAu-soIAI

Anode/Paste production 2015
production of prebaked anode blocks and Søderberg paste briquettes ;
single route, at plant ;
containing pitch and calcined petrol coke

EU-28u-soIAI

Application base coat/primer water-based (windows, white) (A1-A3)
windows, white, 5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Application coating silicate emulsion (building, exterior, white) (A1-A3)
building, exterior, white, 1,25% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Application coating silicone (building, exterior, white) (A1-A3)
building, exterior, white, 1,5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Application intermediate coat water-based (windows, white) (A1-A3)
windows, white, 10% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Application paint emulsion (building, exterior, white) (A5)
building, exterior, white, 4,5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Application paint emulsion (building, interior, white, wear resistant) (A1-A3)
building, interior, white, wear resistant, 2% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Application primer emulsion (building, exterior, white) (A1-A3)
building, exterior, white, 1,5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Application primer/base coat water-based (parquet) (A1-A3)
parquet, 5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Application top coat water-based (windows, white)
windows, white, 5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Argon (gaseous)
Linde process, cryogenic air fractionation ;
production mix, at plant ;
40 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Argon (liquid)
Linde process, cryogenic air fractionation ;
production mix, at plant ;
40 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Aromatic Polyester Polyols (APP) production mix
polycondensation ;
production mix, at producer ;
Hydroxyl value: 150-360, aromatic content: ...

EU-28aggPU Europe

Aromatics (BTX) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
40 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEaggSphera

Aromatics (BTX) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
40 MJ/kg net calorific value

BRaggSphera

Aromatics (BTX) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
40 MJ/kg net calorific value

GBaggSphera

Aromatics (BTX) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
40 MJ/kg net calorific value

AUaggSphera

Aromatics (BTX) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
40 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28aggSphera

Aromatics (BTX) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
40 MJ/kg net calorific value

INaggSphera

Aromatics (BTX) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
40 MJ/kg net calorific value

JPaggSphera

Aromatics (BTX) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

FRaggSphera

Aromatics (BTX) at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
40 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Articulated lorry (40t) incl. fuel
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggELCD

Articulated lorry transport incl. fuel, Euro 0-6 mix, 40 t total weight, 27 t max payload
Euro 0 - 6 mix ;
consumption mix ;
40 t total weight, 27 t max payload

EU-28aggSphera

Ash lumber, 1 inch (673 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
673 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Ash lumber, 2 inch (673 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
673 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Ash lumber, 4 inch (673 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
673 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Aspen lumber, 1 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Aspen lumber, 2 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Aspen lumber, 4 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conte...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Asphalt binder (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
170 - 250 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Asphalt binder, 0.5% polyphosphoric acid (PPA)
from crude oil ;
consumption mix, at terminal ;
0.5% polyphosphoric acid

RNAaggAI/Sphera

Asphalt binder, 3.5% styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS)
from crude oil ;
consumption mix, at terminal ;
3.5% styrene-butadiene-styrene

RNAaggAI/Sphera

Asphalt binder, 8% ground rubber tire (GRT)
from crude oil ;
consumption mix, at terminal ;
8% ground rubber tire

RNAaggAI/Sphera

Asphalt binder, no additives
from crude oil ;
consumption mix, at terminal

RNAaggAI/Sphera

Asphalt pavement (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2400 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Asphalt supporting layer (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2350 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Auto transmissions - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Auto transmissions - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Average ship, 1,500t payload capacity/ canal
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
1,500t payload capacity/ canal

GLOu-soSphera

Average ship, 3,500t payload / downstream
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
3,500t payload / downstream

GLOu-soSphera

Average ship, 3,500t payload capacity / upstream
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
3,500t payload capacity/ upstream

GLOu-soSphera

Baled used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Baled used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Bare aluminium wire - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Bare aluminium wire - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Barge incl. fuel, 1,500 t payload capacity
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
1,500 t payload capacity

EU-28aggSphera

Base coat/primer water-based (windows, white) (EN15804 A5)
windows, white, 5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Basswood lumber, 1 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Basswood lumber, 2 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Basswood lumber, 4 inch (417 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
417 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Bath- and shower tub acrylic (1kg) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1kg

EU-28aggSphera

Bath- and shower tub acrylic (1kg) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1kg

EU-28aggSphera

Bath- and shower tub acrylic (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
acrylic

EU-28aggSphera

Bath- and shower tub enamel (1kg) (D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
tub enamel

EU-28aggSphera

Bath- and shower tub enamel (C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
tub enamel

EU-28aggSphera

Bauxite
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
89% imported, 11% local production

EU-28aggSphera

Bauxite mining 2015
bauxite extraction and processing ;
single route, at plant ;
minerals gibbsite Al(OH)3, boehmite y-AlO(OH) an...

GLOu-soIAI

Beech lumber, 1 inch (741 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
741 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Beech lumber, 2 inch (741 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
741 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Beech lumber, 4 inch (741 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
741 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Beef tallow
Livestock farming cattle, slaughtering and rendering/ technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Beef tallow

EU-28aggERASM

Bentonite granular, sodium activated
1000 kg of bentonite sodium activated granular with a particle size ranging from 0.5 to 5 mm and a moisture content ranging between 8 and 13%, stored in silo, ready to be shipped in bulk. ;
Production at plant ;
none

RERaggEuBa

Bentonite powder, sodium activated
1000 kg of bentonite sodium activated powder with particle sizes below 74 µm and a moisture content ranging between 8 and 12%, stored in silo, ready to be shipped in bulk. ;
Production at plant ;
None

RERaggEuBa

Benzene
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Benzene
distillation, from BTX ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78 g/mol, 40.57 MJ/kg net calorific ...

NLaggSphera

Benzene
distillation, from pyrolysis fuel ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78 g/mol, 40.57 MJ/kg net calorific ...

EU-28aggSphera

Benzene
distillation, from pyrolysis fuel ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78 g/mol, 40.57 MJ/kg net calorific ...

NLaggSphera

Benzene
hydrodealkylation, from toluene and hydrogen ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78 g/mol, 40.57 MJ/kg net calorific ...

DEaggSphera

Benzene
distillation, from pyrolysis fuel ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78 g/mol, 40.57 MJ/kg net calorific ...

DEaggSphera

Benzene
distillation, from BTX ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78 g/mol, 40.57 MJ/kg net calorific ...

DEaggSphera

Benzene (from reformate)
distillation, from BTX ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78.1 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Benzene (from toluene dealkylation)
hydrodealkylation, from toluene and hydrogen ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 70.1 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Benzene mix
technology mix, from pyrolysis gasoline, reformate and toluene dealkylation ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Benzene mix
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78.1 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Benzene mix
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78.1 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Benzoic acid (from toluene)
catalytic oxidation of toluene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.27 g/cm3, 122 g/mol

DEaggSphera

BF Steel billet / slab / bloom
BF route ;
production mix, at plant ;
Crude steel

DEp-aggSphera

Biodegradable waste on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment and without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Landfill height 30 m, landfill...

EU-28p-aggSphera

Birch lumber, 1 inch (689 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
689 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Birch lumber, 2 inch (689 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
689 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Birch lumber, 4 inch (689 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
689 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Bisphenol A
technology mix ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
1.2 g/cm3, 228 g/mol

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Bisphenol A
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
solid, density: 1,2 g·cm−3, molar mass: 228,28...

EU-28aggSphera

Bitumen at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
39 MJ/kg net calorific value

INaggSphera

Bitumen at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
39 MJ/kg net calorific value

AUaggSphera

Bitumen at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
39 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28aggSphera

Bitumen at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
39 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Bitumen at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
39 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEaggSphera

Bitumen at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
39 MJ/kg net calorific value

BRaggSphera

Bitumen at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
39 MJ/kg net calorific value

GBaggSphera

Bitumen at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
39 MJ/kg net calorific value

JPaggSphera

Bitumen at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

FRaggSphera

Bitumen cold adhesive (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
60% bitumen, 23% solvent, 17% water

EU-28aggSphera

Bitumen emulsion (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
40% bitumen, 60% water

EU-28aggSphera

Bitumen sheet v 60
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
5 kg/m2

CNaggSphera

Bitumen sheet v 60 (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
5 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Bitumen sheet v 60 (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
5 kg/m2

DEaggSphera

Bitumen sheets G 200 S4
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
5,0 kg/m2

CNaggSphera

Bitumen sheets G 200 S4 (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
5,0 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Bitumen sheets PYE-PV 200 S5 (not slated) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
5,2 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Bitumen sheets PYE-PV 200 S5 ns (slated) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
6,2 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Borosilicate glass production
Mixing, melting minerals and forming glass ;
production mix, at plant ;
2500 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Brass (CuZn20)
anode furnace and casting, mainly from brass scrap, secondary production ;
single route, at plant ;
80% copper, 20% zinc

EU-28p-aggSphera

Brass (CuZn39Pb3)
anode furnace and casting, mainly from brass scrap, secondary production ;
single route, at plant ;
58% copper, 39% zinc, 3% lead

EU-28p-aggSphera

Brick chimney double-duct (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Brick chimney double-duct (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Brick chimney single-duct (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Brick chimney single-duct (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Bricks vertically perforated (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
vertically perforated

EU-28aggSphera

Brine-Water (geothermal collector) 20 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Briquetted oil filters - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Briquetted oil filters - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Briquetted used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Briquetted used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Buffer storage (stainless steel) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Stainless steel (based on German stainless ste...

EU-28p-aggSphera

Buffer storage (stainless steel) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Buffer storage (stainless steel) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Buffer storage (steel) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Steel (based on German steel)

EU-28p-aggSphera

Buffer storage (steel) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Buffer storage (steel) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Building, administration type (1 m³ gross volume = 432 kg)
building construction ;
single route, at plant ;
material quantities adjustable

GLOu-soSphera

Building, reinforced concrete frame construction (1 m³ gross volume = 242 kg)
reinforced concrete frame production ;
single route, at plant ;
material quantities adjustable

GLOu-soSphera

Building, steel frame construction (1 m³ gross volume = 125 kg)
steel frame construction ;
single route, at plant ;
material quantities adjustable

GLOu-soSphera

Bulk carrier ocean incl. fuel, 100,000-200,000 dwt, ocean going
heavy fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
100,000-200,000 dwt, ocean going

EU-28aggSphera

Bulk carrier offshore (EN15804 A4)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggSphera

Bulk carrier shore (EN15804 A4)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggSphera

Bulk commodity carrier, 1,500 to 20,000 dwt payload capacity, coastal
light fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
1,500 to 20,000 dwt payload capacity, coastal

GLOu-soSphera

Bulk commodity carrier, 5,000 to 200,000 dwt payload capacity, ocean going
heavy fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
5,000 to 200,000 dwt payload capacity, ocean going

GLOu-soSphera

Bulk commodity carrier, average, coastal
light fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
average, coastal

GLOu-soSphera

Bulk commodity carrier, average, ocean going
heavy fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
average, ocean going

GLOu-soSphera

Bundled steel cans - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Bundled steel cans - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Bunker oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
3.5 wt.% sulphur

INaggSphera

Bunker oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
3.5 wt.% sulphur

JPaggSphera

Bunker oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
3.5 wt.% sulphur

USaggSphera

Bunker oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
3.5 wt.% sulphur

GBaggSphera

Bunker oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
3.5 wt.% sulphur

FRaggSphera

Bunker oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
3.5 wt.% sulphur

BRaggSphera

Bunker oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
3.5 wt.% sulphur

AUaggSphera

Bunker oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
3.5 wt.% sulphur

EU-28aggSphera

Bunker oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
3.5 wt.% sulphur

DEaggSphera

Butadiene
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Butane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.48 kg/m3, 58 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

INaggSphera

Butane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.48 kg/m3, 58 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

USaggSphera

Butane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

EU-28aggSphera

Butane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

FRaggSphera

Butane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

BRaggSphera

Butane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.48 kg/m3, 58 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

GBaggSphera

Butane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

AUaggSphera

Butane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.48 kg/m3, 58 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

JPaggSphera

Butane at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

DEaggSphera

Butanediol from acetylene (H2 via steam cracker)
Reppe chemistry process, from acetylene and formaldehyde, hydrogen from steam cracker ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.02 g/cm3, 90 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Butanediol from acetylene (H2 via steam reforming of natural gas)
Reppe chemistry process, from acetylene and formaldehyde, hydrogen from natural gas steam reforming ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.02 g/cm3, 90 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Butylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.641 g/mL, 56 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

JPaggSphera

Butylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.641 g/mL, 56 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

INaggSphera

Butylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

BRaggSphera

Butylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

DEaggSphera

Butylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

FRaggSphera

Butylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.641 g/mL, 56 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

GBaggSphera

Butylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

AUaggSphera

Butylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

EU-28aggSphera

Butylene at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.641 g/mL, 56 g/mol, 46 MJ/kg net calorifi...

USaggSphera

C10-13 Linear alkylbenzene sulphonic acid (HLAS) (petro based) (No 2 - Matrix)
Sulphonation of C10-C13 LAB (linear alkylbenzene) ;
Production mix, at plant ;
100% active ingredient; liquid;

EU-28aggERASM

C12-13 Alcohol Ether Sulphates (petro based), 2 mole EO (No. 7 - Matrix)
Sulphation of fatty alcohol ethoxylates; 2 mole EO ;
Production mix, at plant ;
64.8% active substance; product mass of 1543,2...

EU-28aggERASM

C12-14 Alcohol (oleo) Ethoxylate, 3 moles EO (No. 9 - Matrix)
Oxidation of fatty alcohols with ethylene oxide; 3 mole EO ;
Production mix, at plant ;
100% active ingredient; CAS number: 68439-50-9

EU-28aggERASM

C12-14 Alcohol (oleo) Ethoxylate, 7 moles EO (No. 10 - Matrix)
Oxidation of fatty alcohols with ethylene oxide; 7 mole EO ;
Production mix, at plant ;
100% active ingredient; CAS number: 68439-50-9

EU-28aggERASM

C12-14 Alcohol Ether Sulphates (oleo based) (No. 6 - Matrix)
Sulphation of alcohol ethoxylates; 2 mole EO ;
Production mix, at plant ;
69.8% active substance in water; product mass ...

EU-28aggERASM

C12-14 Alkyl sulphate (oleo/petro based) (No. 5 - Matrix)
Sulphation of fatty alcohol and neutralization of fatty alcohol (C12-14) ester ;
Production mix, at plant ;
51.7% active substance in water; product mass ...

EU-28aggERASM

C12-14 Amine Oxide (oleo/petro based) (No. 20 - Matrix)
Oxidation of tertiary amines (C12-14 Alkyl amine) with hydrogen peroxide ;
Production mix, at plant ;
32.0% active substance in water; product mass ...

EU-28aggERASM

C12-15 Alcohol (petro) Ethoxylate, 3 moles EO(No. 11 - Matrix)
Oxidation of fatty alcohols with ethylene oxide; 3 mole EO ;
Production mix, at plant ;
100% active ingredient; CAS number: 68131-39-5

EU-28aggERASM

C12-15 Alcohol (petro) Ethoxylate, 7 moles EO (No. 12 - Matrix)
Oxidation of alcohols with ethylene oxide; 7 mole EO ;
Production mix, at plant ;
100% active ingredient; CAS number: 68131-39-5

EU-28aggERASM

C16-18 Alcohol (oleo) Ethoxylate, >20 moles EO (No. 14 - Matrix)
Oxidation of C16-18 fatty alcohols with ethylene oxide, >20 mole EO ;
Production mix, at plant ;
100% active ingredient; CAS number: 68439-49-6

EU-28aggERASM

C16-18 fatty alcohol from beef tallow (No. 21 - Matrix)
Trans-esterification of pure tallow fat to C16-18 methyl-ester and hydrogenation of C16-18 methyl-esters ;
Production mix, at plant ;
100% active substance; CAS number: 67762-27-0

EU-28aggERASM

C16-18 fatty alcohol from palm oil (No. 13 - Matrix)
Trans-esterification of palm oil to C16-18 methyl-ester and hydrogenation of C16-18 methyl-esters ;
Production mix, at plant ;
100% active substance; CAS number: 67762-27-0

EU-28aggERASM

C16-18 TEA-Quat (oleo based) (No. 24 - Matrix)
Quaternarization of triethanolamine fatty acid esters ;
Production mix, at plant ;
90.0% active substance in isopropanol; product...

EU-28aggERASM

C4 cut (Butadiene)
steam cracker, from naphtha ;
single route, at plant ;
54 g/mol

ITaggSphera

C4 cut (Butadiene)
steam cracker, from naphtha ;
single route, at plant ;
45.3 MJ net calorific value

DEaggSphera

C8-18 Alkyl amidopropyl betaine (oleo based) (No. 28 - Matrix)
Reaction of alkyl chain source with DMAPA (N,N-Dimethyla-minopropyl acrylamide) and reaction with Chloroacetic acid and NaOH, ;
Production mix, at plant ;
37.0% active substance in water; product mass ...

EU-28aggERASM

Cable 1 wire (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable 1 wire (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable 1 wire (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable 3 wire (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable 3 wire (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable 3 wire (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable 5 wire (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable 5 wire (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable 5 wire (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable CAT 7 (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable CAT 7 (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable CAT 7 (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Cable waste in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
30.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Cable waste in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
30.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Calcined petroleum coke
calcination ;
single route, at plant ;
95 to 99 wt% carbon content

USaggSphera

Calcined petroleum coke
calcination ;
single route, at plant ;
95 to 99 wt% carbon content

EU-28aggSphera

Calcined petroleum coke
calcination ;
single route, at plant ;
95 to 99 wt% carbon content

DEaggSphera

Calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN, 27% N)
neutralising nitric acid with ammonia, including primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
27 % nitrogen content

EU-28aggFertilizers Europe

Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2; dry; slaked lime) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
solid, density: 2,24 g·cm−3 (20 °C), molar mas...

DEaggSphera

Calcium silicate
blocks and elements ;
production mix, at plant ;
density 1400 to 2000 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Can manufacturing
technology mix ;
production mix ;
Average can weight 13.46 kg/ 1000 2-piece (2 PC) cans

USp-aggAA/Sphera

Caprolactam (from cyclohexane)
from cyclohexane ;
single route, at plant ;
1.01 g/cm3, 113 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Car CNG, Euro 2
CNG driven, Euro 2, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size unspecified

GLOu-soSphera

Car CNG, Euro 3
CNG driven, Euro 3, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size unspecified

GLOu-soSphera

Car CNG, Euro 4
CNG driven, Euro 4, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size unspecified

GLOu-soSphera

Car CNG, Euro 5
CNG driven, Euro 5, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size unspecified

GLOu-soSphera

Car CNG, Euro 6
CNG driven, Euro 6, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size unspecified

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel EURO 4 (EN15804 A4)
technology mix, diesel driven, Euro 4, passenger car ;
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggSphera

Car diesel, 1986-88, engine size 1.4-2l
diesel driven, 1986-1988, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, 1986-88, engine size more than 2l
diesel driven, 1986-88, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, 1986-88, engine size up to 1.4l
diesel driven, 1986-1988, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 1, engine size 1.4-2l
diesel driven, Euro 1, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 1, engine size more than 2l
diesel driven, Euro 1, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 1, engine size up to 1.4l
diesel driven, Euro 1, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 2, engine size 1.4-2l
diesel driven, Euro 2, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 2, engine size more than 2l
diesel driven, Euro 2, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 2, engine size up to 1.4l
diesel driven, Euro 2, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 3, engine size 1.4-2l
diesel driven, Euro 3, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 3, engine size more than 2l
diesel driven, Euro 3, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 3, engine size up to 1.4l
diesel driven, Euro 3, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 4, engine size 1.4-2l
diesel driven, Euro 4, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 4, engine size more than 2l
diesel driven, Euro 4, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 4, engine size up to 1.4l
diesel driven, Euro 4, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 5, engine size 1.4-2l
diesel driven, Euro 5, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 5, engine size more than 2l
diesel driven, Euro 5, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 5, engine size up to 1.4l
diesel driven, Euro 5, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 6 (from Jan 2021), engine size 1,4-2l
diesel driven, Euro 6 (from Jan 2021), passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1,4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 6 (from Jan 2021), engine size more than 2l
diesel driven, Euro 6 (from Jan 2021), passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 6 (from Jan 2021), engine size up to 1,4l
diesel driven, Euro 6 (from Jan 2021), passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1,4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 6 (from Sept 2019), engine size 1,4-2l
diesel driven, Euro 6 (from Sept 2019), passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1,4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 6 (from Sept 2019), engine size more than 2l
diesel driven, Euro 6 (from Sept 2019), passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 6 (from Sept 2019), engine size up to 1,4l
diesel driven, Euro 6 (from Sept 2019), passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1,4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 6, engine size 1,4-2l
diesel driven, Euro 6, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1,4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 6, engine size more than 2l
diesel driven, Euro 6, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car diesel, Euro 6, engine size up to 1,4l
diesel driven, Euro 6, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1,4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car LPG, Euro 2
LPG driven, Euro 2, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size unspecified

GLOu-soSphera

Car LPG, Euro 3
LPG driven, Euro 3, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size unspecified

GLOu-soSphera

Car LPG, Euro 4
LPG driven, Euro 4, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size unspecified

GLOu-soSphera

Car LPG, Euro 5
LPG driven, Euro 5, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size unspecified

GLOu-soSphera

Car LPG, Euro 6
LPG driven, Euro 6, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size unspecified

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol EURO 4 (EN15804 A4)
technology mix, gasoline driven, Euro 4, passenger car ;
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggSphera

Car petrol, controlled catalytic converter < 87, engine size 1.4-2l
gasoline driven, controlled catalytic converter < 87, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, controlled catalytic converter < 87, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, controlled catalytic converter < 87, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, controlled catalytic converter < 87, engine size up to 1.4l
gasoline driven, controlled catalytic converter < 87, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, controlled catalytic converter 87-90, engine size 1.4-2l
gasoline driven, controlled catalytic converter 87-90, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, controlled catalytic converter 87-90, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, controlled catalytic converter 87-90, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, controlled catalytic converter 87-90, engine size up to 1.4l
gasoline driven, controlled catalytic converter 87-90, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, conventional, engine size 1.4-2l
gasoline driven, conventional, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, conventional, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, conventional, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, conventional, engine size up to 1.4l
gasoline driven, conventional, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, ECE 15'04, engine size 1.4-2l
gasoline driven, ECE 15'04, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, ECE 15'04, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, ECE 15'04, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, ECE 15'04, engine size up to 1.4l
gasoline driven, ECE 15'04, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 1, engine size 1.4-2l
gasoline driven, Euro 1, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 1, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, Euro 1, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 1, engine size up to 1.4l
gasoline driven, Euro 1, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 2, engine size 1.4-2l
gasoline driven, Euro 2, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 2, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, Euro 2, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 2, engine size up to 1.4l
gasoline driven, Euro 2, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 3, engine size 1.4-2l
gasoline driven, Euro 3, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 3, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, Euro 3, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 3, engine size up to 1.4l
gasoline driven, Euro 3, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 4, engine size 1.4-2l
gasoline driven, Euro 4, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 4, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, Euro 4, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 4, engine size up to 1.4l
gasoline driven, Euro 4, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 5, engine size 1.4-2l
gasoline driven, Euro 5, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 5, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, Euro 5, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 5, engine size up to 1.4l
gasoline driven, Euro 5, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 6, engine size 1,4-2l
gasoline driven, Euro 6, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1,4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 6, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, Euro 6, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, Euro 6, engine size up to 1,4l
gasoline driven, Euro 6, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1,4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, non-controlled catalytic converter, engine size 1.4-2l
gasoline driven, non-controlled catalytic converter, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size 1.4-2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, non-controlled catalytic converter, engine size more than 2l
gasoline driven, non-controlled catalytic converter, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size more than 2l

GLOu-soSphera

Car petrol, non-controlled catalytic converter, engine size up to 1.4l
gasoline driven, non-controlled catalytic converter, passenger car ;
consumption mix ;
engine size up to 1.4l

GLOu-soSphera

Car shredder
car shredding, for automobile recycling ;
production mix, at plant ;
0,2 MJ electricity consumption per kg material...

DEp-aggSphera

Carbon balance correction (renewables)
Biogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) correction, primary energy (PE) correction

GLOu-soSphera

Carbon black (furnace black; general purpose) - thermal energy credit
furnace black, general purpose ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

DEaggSphera

Carbon black (furnace black; general purpose) (economic allocation)
furnace black, general purpose ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

DEaggSphera

Carbon dioxide (CO2) by-product ammonia (NH3) (economic allocation)
Haber- Bosch process, from natural gas ;
single route, at plant ;
1.977 kg/m3, 44 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Carbon dioxide by-product ethylene oxide (EO) via air
oxidation of ethylene with air ;
single route, at plant ;
1.98 kg/m3, 44.01 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Carbon dioxide by-product ethylene oxide (EO) via air
oxidation of ethylene with air ;
single route, at plant ;
1.98 kg/m3, 44.01 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Carbon dioxide by-product ethylene oxide (EO) via O2/methane
oxidation of ethylene with oxygen ;
single route, at plant ;
1.98 kg/m3, 44.01 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Carbon monoxide (via synthetic gas)
purified, cryogenic air separation, from synthesis gas with 75% hydrogen and 25% carbon monoxide ;
single route, at plant ;
1.25 kg/m3, 28 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Cargo plane
technology mix, kerosene driven, cargo ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
65 t payload

GLOaggSphera

Cargo plane, 113 t payload
technology mix, kerosene driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
113 t payload

GLOu-soSphera

Cargo plane, 22 t payload
technology mix, kerosene driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
22 t payload

GLOu-soSphera

Cargo plane, 65 t payload
technology mix, kerosene driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
65 t payload

GLOu-soSphera

Carton from Folding Boxboard
technology mix, by-products pine oil, bark, electricity sold/used externally ;
production mix, at plant ;
Moisture content of the board = 8.0%; Carbon c...

EU-28u-bbPro Carton / RISE

Carton from Solid Bleached Board / Solid Unbleached Board
technology mix, by-products pine oil, bark, electricity sold/used externally ;
production mix, at plant ;
Moisture content of the board = 7.5%; Carbon c...

EU-28u-bbPro Carton / RISE

Carton from White Lined Chipboard
technology mix, by-products pine oil, bark, electricity sold/used externally ;
production mix, at plant ;
Moisture content of the board = 7.5%; Carbon c...

EU-28u-bbPro Carton / RISE

Cast aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Cast aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Cast iron component (EN15804 A1-A3)
EAF route ;
production mix, at plant ;
cast iron

DEp-aggSphera

Cast iron part (automotive) - open energy inputs
electric arc furnace route, from steel scrap, secondary production ;
single route, at plant

DEp-aggSphera

Cement (average) (burden free binders)
grinding and clinkering, from gravel ;
production mix, at plant ;
Average

CNaggSphera

Cement (CEM I 32.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM I 32.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM I 32.5) Portland cement (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM I 32.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM I 42.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM I 42.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM I 42.5) Portland cement (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM I 42.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM I 52.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM I 52.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM I 52.5) Portland cement (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM I 52.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM II 32.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II 32.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM II 32.5) (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II 32.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM II 42.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II 42.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM II 42.5) (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II 42.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM II 52.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II 52.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM II 52.5) (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II 52.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM II/A) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II/A

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM II/A) (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II/A

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM II/B) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II/B

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM II/B) (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II/B

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM III 32.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM III 32.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM III 32.5) blast furnace cement (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM III 32.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM III 42.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM III 42.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM III 42.5) (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM III 42.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM III A) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM III A

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM III A) blast furnace cement (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM III A

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM IV 42.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM IV

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM IV 42.5) (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM IV 42.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement mix (average) (burden free binders)
raw materials processing and transports to cement plant ;
production mix, at plant ;
1400 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Cement mix (average) (economically allocated binders)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
mix

EU-28aggSphera

Cherry lumber, 1 inch (561 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
561 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Cherry lumber, 2 inch (561 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
561 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Cherry lumber, 4 inch (561 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
561 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Chimney polypropylene (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Chimney polypropylene (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Chimney polypropylene (PP) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
PP

EU-28aggSphera

Chimney stainless steel (single wall) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
single wall

EU-28p-aggSphera

Chimney stainless steel (single wall) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Chimney stainless steel single-wall (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Chlorine
chlorine-alkali electrolysis (diaphragm), from sodium chloride solution ;
single route, at plant ;
3.22 kg/m3, 35 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Chlorine from chlorine alkali electrolysis (membrane)
chlorine-alkali electrolysis (membrane), from sodium chloride solution ;
single route, at plant ;
3.22 kg/m3, 35 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Chlorine from chlorine-alkali electrolysis (Amalgam)
chlorine-alkali electrolysis (Amalgam), from sodium chloride solution ;
single route, at plant ;
3.22 kg/m3, 35.45 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Chlorine from chlorine-alkali-electrolysis (amalgam)
chlorine alkali electrolysis, amalgam ;
single route, at plant ;
3.2 g/l, 70.9 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Chlorine from chlorine-alkali-electrolysis (diaphragm)
chlorine alkali electrolysis, diaphragm ;
single route, at plant ;
3.2 g/l, 70.9 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Chlorine mix
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
3.22 kg/m3, 35 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Chlorine mix (chlorine production countries)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
3.22 kg/m3, 35 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Chlorine, chlor-alkali production mix
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Circulating pump (for 20 kW radiator)
Circulation pump, electric- driven ;
production mix, at plant ;
electricity consumption 1.5 W per kW boiler po...

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump (for 260 kW radiator)
Circulation pump, electric- driven ;
production mix, at plant ;
electricity consumption 1.5 W per kW boiler po...

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump (for 70 kW radiator)
Circulation pump, electric- driven ;
production mix, at plant ;
electricity consumption 1.5 W per kW boiler po...

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump < 50W (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Circulating pump <50 W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump <50 W (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump <50 W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump 250 - 1000 W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump 250 - 1000 W (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump 250 - 1000 W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump 250-1000W (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Circulating pump 50 - 250 W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump 50 - 250 W (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump 50 - 250 W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Circulating pump 50-250W (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Clean motor blocks - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Clean motor blocks - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Clean painted aluminium sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Clean painted aluminium sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Clear coat solvent-based (parquet) (A1-A3)
parquet, PUR dispersion, 34% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Clear coat water-based (parquet) (EN15804 A1-A3)
parquet, PUR dispersion, 12% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Coated aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Coated aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Coating silicate emulsion (building, exterior, white) (EN15804 A5)
building, exterior, white, 1,25% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Coating silicone (building, exterior, white) (EN15804 A5)
building, exterior, white, 1,5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Cobalt, refined (metal)
hydro- and pyrometallurgical processes ;
production mix, at plant ;
>99% Co

GLOaggCDI

Cocamide diethanolamine (oleo based) (No. 16 - Matrix)
Condensation reaction of lauric oils (coconut oil and/or palm kernel oil) with diethanolamines (DEA) ;
Production mix, at plant ;
100% active ingredient; CAS number: 68603-42-9

EU-28aggERASM

Coconut oil methyl ester (incl. LUC)
Cultivation, harvesting of coconut palm and processing of coconuts/ technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Coconut oil methyl ester

GLOaggERASM

Coke mix
coke oven process, from hard coal ;
production mix, at plant ;
29 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEaggSphera

Coke mix
coke oven process, from hard coal ;
production mix, at plant ;
29 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Cold Rolled Aluminum
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RNAaggAA/Sphera

Combined heat and power plant (lambda 1 engine, 160 kW, 1 piece)
CHP plant manufacturing ;
single route, at plant ;
lambda 1 engine, 160 kW, material quantities adj...

GLOu-soSphera

Commercial waste (AT, DE, IT, LU, NL, SE, CH) on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Net calorific value 10,4 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Commercial waste (ES, GR, PT) on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Net calorific value 10,4 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Commercial waste (FR, GB, FI, NO) on landfill - open input waste
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Net calorific value 10,4 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Commercial waste for municipal disposal (BE, DK) on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Net calorific value 10,4 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Commercial waste in municipal waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
10.4 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Commercial waste in municipal waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
10.4 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Compact fluorescent lamp 18W (external control gear) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Components for Re-Use (CRU)
This auxiliary process is used to declare the "Components for re-use" (CRU) in EPDs according to EN 15804.

GLOu-soSphera-EPD

Composite bridge
composite bridge construction ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
1 sqm road bridge constructed, m...

DEp-aggSphera

Compressed air
7 bar, high efficiency ;
production mix, at plant ;
low electricity consumption

EU-28aggSphera

Compressed air
10 bar, high efficiency ;
production mix, at plant ;
low electricity consumption

EU-28aggSphera

Compressed air
14 bar, high efficiency ;
production mix, at plant ;
low electricity consumption

EU-28aggSphera

Compressed air
7 bar, low efficiency ;
production mix, at plant ;
high power consumption

EU-28aggSphera

Compressed air
14 bar, low efficiency ;
production mix, at plant ;
high power consumption

EU-28aggSphera

Compressed air
10 bar, low efficiency ;
production mix, at plant ;
high power consumption

EU-28aggSphera

Compressed air 10 bar (high power consumption)
10 bar, low efficiency ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
high power consumption

GLOu-soSphera

Compressed air 10 bar (low power consumption)
10 bar, high efficiency ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
low electricity consumption

GLOu-soSphera

Compressed air 10 bar (medium power consumption)
10 bar, medium efficiency ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
medium electricity consumption

GLOu-soSphera

Compressed air 14 bar (high power consumption)
14 bar, low efficiency ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
high power consumption

GLOu-soSphera

Compressed air 14 bar (low power consumption)
14 bar, high efficiency ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
low electricity consumption

GLOu-soSphera

Compressed air 14 bar (medium power consumption)
14 bar, medium efficiency ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
medium electricity consumption

GLOu-soSphera

Compressed air 7 bar (high power consumption)
7 bar, low efficiency ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
high power consumption

GLOu-soSphera

Compressed air 7 bar (low power consumption)
7 bar, high efficiency ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
low electricity consumption

GLOu-soSphera

Compressed air 7 bar (medium power consumption)
7 bar, medium efficiency ;
consumption mix, at plant ;
medium electricity consumption

GLOu-soSphera

Concrete bricks
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2000 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Concrete bricks (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2000 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Concrete bricks (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2000 kg/m3

DEaggSphera

Concrete bridge
concrete bridge construction ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
1 sqm road bridge constructed, m...

DEp-aggSphera

Concrete C12/15
mixing of cement, water and aggregates such as gravel ;
production mix, at plant ;
Compression strength class C12/15, CEM 1 32 us...

CNaggSphera

Concrete C12/15 (Ready-mix concrete)
mixing of cement, water and aggregates such as gravel ;
production mix, at plant ;
Compression strength class C12/15, CEM 1 32 us...

CNaggSphera

Concrete C12/15 (Ready-mix concrete) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
C12/15, CEM 1 32 used, clinker content in ceme...

EU-28aggSphera

Concrete C20/25
mixing of cement, water and aggregates such as gravel ;
production mix, at plant ;
Compression strength class C20/25, CEM 1 32 us...

CNaggSphera

Concrete C20/25
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Concrete C20/25, CEM 1 32 used, clinker conten...

DEaggSphera

Concrete C20/25 (Ready-mix concrete)
mixing cement, water and aggregates ;
production mix, at plant ;
C20/25, CEM 1 32 used, clinker content in ceme...

CNaggSphera

Concrete C20/25 (Ready-mix concrete) (EN15804 A1-A3)
mixing cement, water and aggregates ;
production mix, at plant ;
C20/25, CEM 1 32 used, clinker content in ceme...

EU-28aggSphera

Concrete C25/30 (Ready-mix concrete)
mixing cement, water and aggregates ;
production mix, at plant ;
C25/30, CEM 1 32 used, clinker content in ceme...

CNaggSphera

Concrete C25/30 (Ready-mix concrete) (EN15804 A1-A3)
mixing cement, water and aggregates ;
production mix, at plant ;
C25/30, CEM 1 32 used, clinker content in ceme...

EU-28aggSphera

Concrete C30/37
mixing of cement, water and aggregates such as gravel ;
production mix, at plant ;
Compression strength class C30/37, CEM 1 32 us...

CNaggSphera

Concrete C30/37 (Ready-mix concrete)
mixing of cement, water and aggregates such as gravel ;
production mix, at plant ;
Compression strength class C30/37, CEM 1 32 us...

CNaggSphera

Concrete C30/37 (Ready-mix concrete) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
C30/37, CEM 1 32 used, clinker content in ceme...

EU-28aggSphera

Concrete C35/45 (Ready-mix concrete)
mixing cement, water and aggregates ;
production mix, at plant ;
C35/45, CEM 1 32 used, clinker content in ceme...

CNaggSphera

Concrete C35/45 (Ready-mix concrete) (EN15804 A1-A3)
mixing cement, water and aggregates ;
production mix, at plant ;
C35/45, CEM 1 32 used, 77% clinker content in ...

EU-28aggSphera

Concrete C8/10
mixing of cement, water and aggregates such as gravel ;
production mix, at plant ;
Compression strength class C8/10, CEM 1 32 use...

CNaggSphera

Concrete C8/10 (Ready-mix concrete)
mixing of cement, water and aggregates such as gravel ;
production mix, at plant ;
Compression strength class C8/10, CEM 1 32 use...

CNaggSphera

Concrete C8/10 (Ready-mix concrete) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
C8/10, CEM 1 32 used, clinker content in cemen...

EU-28aggSphera

Concrete pipe, not reinforced (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
not reinforced

EU-28aggSphera

Concrete pipe, reinforced (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
reinforced

EU-28aggSphera

Concrete roof tile (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Concrete

EU-28aggSphera

Construction rubble on inert matter landfill
landfill including leachate treatment and without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Landfill height 30 m, landfill...

CNaggSphera

Construction waste dumping (EN15804 C4)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
construction waste

EU-28aggSphera

Construction waste treatment plant (C3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
treatment of construction waste

EU-28p-aggSphera

Container glass
glass melting and conditioning, from quartz sand ;
production mix, at plant ;
59% quartz sand content

EU-28p-aggSphera

Container glass (delivered to the end user of the contained product, reuse rate: 7%)
technology mix ;
production mix at plant

RERaggFEVE/ELCD

Container ship (EN15804 A4)
technology mix, heavy fuel oil driven, cargo ;
production mix, at plant ;
Average

EU-28aggSphera

Container ship ocean incl. fuel, 27,500 dwt payload capacity, ocean going
heavy fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
27,500 dwt payload capacity, ocean going

EU-28aggSphera

Container ship, 5,000 to 200,000 dwt payload capacity, ocean going
heavy fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
global average 43,000 dwt payload capacity, ocean going

GLOu-soSphera

Containerboard
sulfite pulping process, from woodchips, primary production ;
single route, at plant ;
1.05 kg woodchips per kg cardboard produced

USp-aggSphera/AF&PA

Continuous filament glass fibre (wet chopped strands)
- ;
at plant ;
-

RERaggAPFE/ELCD

Copper (99.99%; cathode)
from pyrometallurgical (including secondary) and hydrometallurgical production ;
production mix, at producer ;
99.99% Cu

GLOaggICA

Copper mix (99,999% from electrolysis)
from electrolysis ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
99,999% Cu

GLOaggSphera

Copper pipe mix (Europe 2015)
technology mix ;
consumption mix, at plant

EU-28aggDKI/ECI

Copper pipe mix, bare (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Copper sheet
rolling, pickling, and annealing ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.5 mm

CNaggSphera

Copper sheet (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Copper, 99.99%

EU-28aggSphera

Copper Sheet Mix (Europe 2015)
technology mix ;
consumption mix, at plant

EU-28aggDKI/ECI

Copper sheet; technology mix; market mix, at plant; 0,6 mm thickness
Hot and Cold Rolling based on melting and casting a mix of Copper cathode and Copper scrap ;
Technology and Market Mix for Sheet fabr... ;
1000 kg Copper sheet

EU-25aggECI/ELCD

Copper tube; technology mix; market mix, at plant; diameter 15 mm, 1 mm thickness
Extrusion and Drawing based on melting and casting a mix of Copper cathode and Copper scrap ;
Technology and Market Mix for Tube fabri... ;
1000 kg Copper tube

EU-25aggECI/ELCD

Copper Wire Mix (Europe 2015)
technology mix ;
consumption mix, at plant

EU-28aggDKI/ECI

Copper wire; technology mix; market mix, at plant; cross section 1 mm
Extrusion and Drawing based on melting and casting a mix of Copper cathode and Copper scrap ;
Technology and Market Mix for Wire fabri... ;
1000 kg Copper wire

EU-25aggECI/ELCD

Corkboard, 1m2, 4 mm (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1,8 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Corkboard, 1m2, 6 mm (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2,7 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Corkboard, 1m2, 8 mm (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
3,6 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Corrugated board excl. paper production (2018), open paper input, average composition
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1,1 kg paper input, paper grade per kg corruga...

EU-28p-aggSphera/FEFCO

Corrugated board input material mixer

EU-28u-soSphera/FEFCO

Corrugated product
sulfite pulping process, from woodchips, primary production ;
single route, at plant ;
1.17 kg woodcips per kg cardboard produced

USp-aggSphera/AF&PA

Cotton fiber (bales after ginning)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
cotton fiber global average

GLOaggCottonInc

Cotton fiber (organic) (at gin gate)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer (gin)

GLOaggTextile Exchange

Cotton fibre (organic) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
40 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Cotton raw conventional (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
40 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Cottonwood lumber, 1 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Cottonwood lumber, 2 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Cottonwood lumber, 4 inch (449 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
449 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

County road
country road construction ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
1 km road constructed, material ...

DEaggSphera

Credit for recycling of steel scrap

GLOu-soSphera

Crude coconut oil (incl. LUC)
Cultivation, harvesting of coconut palm and processing of coconuts/ technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Crude coconut oil

GLOaggERASM

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
43 MJ/kg net calorific value

PTaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
43 MJ/kg net calorific value

ATaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

INaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

SEaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production methods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
43 MJ/kg net calorific value

FRaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
43 MJ/kg net calorific value

ITaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

LTaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
43 MJ/kg net calorific value

IEaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
43 MJ/kg net calorific value

BRaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
43 MJ/kg net calorific value

JPaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

HUaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

NLaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
43 MJ/kg net calorific value

GBaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
43 MJ/kg net calorific value

NOaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
43 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
41 MJ/kg net calorific value

NZaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

ROaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

SKaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production methods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

AUaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

PLaggSphera

Crude oil mix
technology mix of conventional and unconventional production metods ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
42 MJ/kg net calorific value

BEaggSphera

Crude palm kernel oil (incl. LUC; incl. peat emissions)
Cultivation, harvesting of oil palm and processing of fresh fruit bunches/ technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Crude palm kernel oil

GLOaggERASM

Crude palm oil (incl. LUC; incl. peat emissions)
Cultivation, harvesting of oil palm and processing of fresh fruit bunches/ technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Crude palm oil

GLOaggERASM

Crushed rock 16-32 mm
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
undried

CNaggSphera

Crushed rock 16-32 mm (dried) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
dried

EU-28aggSphera

Crushed rock 16-32 mm (undried) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
undried

EU-28aggSphera

Crushed sand 0/2
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
dried

CNaggSphera

Crushed sand grain 0-2 mm (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
dried

EU-28aggSphera

Crushed stone 16/32
open pit mining ;
production mix, at plant ;
16/32, undried

DEaggSphera

Crushed stone grain 2-15 mm
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
undried

CNaggSphera

Crushed stone grain 2-15 mm (dried) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
dried

EU-28aggSphera

Crushed stone grain 2-15 mm (undried) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
undried

EU-28aggSphera

Cumene (isopropylbenzene) (C9H12)
alkylation, from benzene and propylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.86 g/cm3, 120 g/mol

ITaggSphera

Cumene (isopropylbenzene) (C9H12)
alkylation, from benzene and propylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.86 g/cm3, 120 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Cumene (isopropylbenzene) (C9H12)
alkylation, from benzene and propylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.86 g/cm3, 120 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Cyclohexane
catalytic hydration of benzene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.7781 g/mL, 84 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Damp insulation PE (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
PE

EU-28aggSphera

Deionised water (reverse-osmosis/electro-deionisation, from groundwater, for regionalization)
reverse osmosis, from groundwater ;
single route, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

GLOp-aggSphera

Deionised water (reverse-osmosis/electro-deionisation, from surface water, for regionalization)
reverse osmosis, from surface water ;
single route, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

GLOp-aggSphera

Deionised water from ground water (for regionalization) - open input electricity and water
via ion exchange ;
single route, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

GLOp-aggSphera

Derived timber product in MWI (EN15804 C3)
End of Life, incineration ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1kg

EU-28aggSphera

Derived timber product in MWI (EN15804 D)
End of Life, incineration ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
wood incineration

EU-28aggSphera

Diammonium phosphate (DAP, 18% N, 46% P2O5)
neutralising phosphoric acid with ammonia, including primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
18% nitrogen, 46% phosphate

EU-28aggFertilizers Europe

Dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Diesel at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
500 ppm sulphur

RAFaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
4.87 wt.% bio components

USaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
2.53 wt.% bio components

GBaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
10.14 wt.% bio components

FRaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
0.25 wt.% bio components

CNaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
3.71 wt.% bio components

NLaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
6.35 wt.% bio components

EU-28aggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
7.66 wt.% bio components

BRaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
0.18 wt.% bio components

AUaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
6.19 wt.% bio components

DEaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station Western Australia
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
0.18 wt.% bio components

AUaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station with DEF
diesel from crude oil and bio components, diesel exhaust fluid via Stami Carbon ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
6.19 wt.% bio components in diesel ...

DEaggSphera

Diesel mix at filling station with DEF
diesel from crude oil and bio components, diesel exhaust fluid via Stami Carbon ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
6.35 wt.% bio components in diesel ...

EU-28aggSphera

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
488 ppm sulphur (calculated by ratio), 0.15...

RASaggSphera

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 6.35 wt.% bio components

EU-28aggSphera

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
350 ppm sulphur, 0.14 wt.% biocomponents

INaggSphera

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
15 ppm sulphur, 4.87 wt.% bio components

USaggSphera

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 6.19 wt.% bio components

DEaggSphera

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
500 ppm sulphur (calculated by ratio), 7.66...

RSAaggSphera

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 0.18 wt.% bio components

AUaggSphera

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 0.03 wt.% bio components

JPaggSphera

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 2.53 wt.% bio components

GBaggSphera

Diesel mix at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
500 ppm sulphur, 7.66 wt.% bio components

BRaggSphera

Diethylene glycol
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Diethylene glycol by product ethylene glycol from ethene and oxygen via EO
from ethene and oxygen ;
single route, at plant ;
1.12 g/m³, 106 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Diffuser (Damp room) T8 36W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Diffuser (Damp room) T8 36W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Diffuser (Damp room) T8 36W (LFL) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Di-isononyl phthalate (DINP)
esterification of phthalic anhydride with isononyl alcohol ;
production mix, at producer ;
-

EU-28aggECPI

Dimpled sheets polyethylene (PE)
dimpled, extruder and calender process, from polyethylene granulate ;
production mix, at plant ;
gauge 0.1 to 0.5 mm

CNaggSphera

Dimpled sheets polyethylene (PE) (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
PE

EU-28aggSphera

Dip-Switch (Light switch) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Dip-Switch (Light switch) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Dip-Switch (Light switch) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Direct expansion air conditioner (per 1 kW) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Direct expansion air conditioner (per 1 kW) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Direct expansion air conditioner (per 1 kW) (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Direct expansion air conditioner (per 1 kW) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

District heating 120-400 kW (Use)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
120-400 kW

CNaggSphera

District heating 20-120 kW (Use)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
20-120 kW

CNaggSphera

District heating mix
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
10.7 % energy loss during transmission

EU-28aggSphera

District heating transfer station (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kW

EU-28p-aggSphera

District heating transfer station (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

District heating transfer station (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

District heating transfer station (EN15804 D)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Double glazing unit
combination of glass and rubber, argon fill ;
production mix, at plant ;
26 kg glass, 0.65 kg rubber, 0.03 kg argon per...

CNaggSphera

Double glazing unit (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
double glass

EU-28aggSphera

Downlight 18W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Downlight 18W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Downlight cabinet 18W (CFL, G24D) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Drinking water mix
clarification, filtration, disinfection, ion exchange, activated carbon absorption ;
production mix, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Drinking water pipe PB (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
PB

EU-28aggSphera

Drinking water pipe PE-X (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
PE-X

EU-28aggSphera

Drinking water pipe PE-X-Alu (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
PE-X-Alu

EU-28aggSphera

Dry screed (Gypsum fibre board) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
24 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Dry screed (Gypsum plaster board) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
20 kg/m2

EU-28p-aggSphera

DUPLICATE - Glass/inert waste on landfill
landfill including leachate treatment and without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Landfill height 30 m, landfill...

EU-28aggSphera

EAF Steel billet / Slab / Bloom
EAF route ;
production mix, at plant ;
Crude steel

DEp-aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 10 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 10 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 10 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 10 kW (EN15804 D)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 20 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 20 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 20 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 70 kW (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 70 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 70 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal collector) 70 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 10 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 10 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 10 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 10 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 20 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 20 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 20 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 20 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 70 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 70 kW (EN15804 C3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 70 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Brine-Water, geothermal probe) 70 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 10 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 10 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 10 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 10 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 20 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 20 kW (EN15804 C3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 20 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 20 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 70 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 70 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 70 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric heat pump (Water-Water) 70 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electric instantaneous water heater (21 kW) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Electric instantaneous water heater (use)
Electric instantaneous water heater, for buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
100% efficiency

EU-28aggSphera

Electrical flow heater (21 kW) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electrical flow heater (21 kW) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electrical heat pump Brine-water (0/35) (utilization)
electric- driven heat pump ;
production mix, at plant ;
4.4 kW thermal power per 1 kW electricity input

EU-28aggSphera

Electrical heat pump Brine-water (0/50)
electric- driven heat pump ;
production mix, at plant ;
3.0 kW thermal power per 1 kW electricity input

EU-28aggSphera

Electrical heat pump Brine-water (5/55) (utilization)
electric- driven heat pump ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.4 kW thermal power per 1 kW electricity input

EU-28aggSphera

Electrical heat pump water-water (10/35) (utilization)
electric- driven heat pump ;
production mix, at plant ;
5.5 kW thermal power per 1 kW electricity input

EU-28aggSphera

Electrical heat pump water-water (10/50) (utilization)
electric- driven heat pump ;
production mix, at plant ;
3.8 kW thermal power per 1 kW electricity input

EU-28aggSphera

Electrical heat pump water-water (7/55) (utilization)
electric- driven heat pump ;
production mix, at plant ;
3.0 kW thermal power per 1 kW electricity input

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LVaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LUaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

MTaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CYaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from biogas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LVaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LUaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity from biomass (solid)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from coal gases
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from geothermal
AC, CHP, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from geothermal
AC, CHP, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from geothermal
AC, CHP, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from geothermal
AC, CHP, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from geothermal
AC, CHP, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from geothermal
AC, CHP, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity from geothermal
AC, CHP, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from hard coal
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

MTaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CYaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from heavy fuel oil (HFO)
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LUaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LVaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity from hydro power
AC, technology mix of run-off-river, storage and pump storage ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CNaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from lignite
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LVaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LUaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity from natural gas (IAI 2015)
AC, aluminium industry specific combined cycle without CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

RMEaggIAI/Sphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from nuclear
AC, technology mix of BWR and PWR ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity from peat
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from peat
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity from peat
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from peat
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity from peat
AC, mix of direct and CHP, technology mix regarding firing and flue gas cleaning ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CYaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at producer ;
1kV - 60kV

MTaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LVaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LUaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IDaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity from photovoltaic
AC, technology mix of CIS, CdTE, mono crystalline and multi crystalline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from solar thermal
AC, compact linear fresnel reflector concentrated solar power technology ;
single route, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from solar thermal
AC, compact linear fresnel reflector concentrated solar power technology ;
single route, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CNaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LUaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity from waste
AC, CHP, dry flue gas treatment, without waste collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix, at power plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

USaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CNaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

CYaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LUaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

LVaggSphera

Electricity from wind power
AC, technology mix of onshore and offshore ;
production mix, at plant ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

INaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

ISaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

LUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

LVaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

CNaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

CNaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

ENTSOaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

MTaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity grid mix
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

CYaggSphera

Electricity grid mix - Deutsche Bahn
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1-60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (2018)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, at consumer ;
<1kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (2019)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, at consumer ;
<1kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (EGA)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (eGRID)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, at consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (IAI 2015)
AC, technology mix of coal and hydro power aluminium industry specific ;
consumption mix, to consumer, aluminium ... ;
1kV - 60kV

CNaggIAI/Sphera

Electricity grid mix (MBIE)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (NSW)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (NT)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (QLD)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (SA)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (TAS)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (VIC)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix (WA)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

ISaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

BGaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

NLaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

SEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

GBaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

NOaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

PLaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

ATaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

LVaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

LUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

SKaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

GRaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

CHaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

CZaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

JPaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

BEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

FIaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

HUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

ITaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

LTaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

CYaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

FRaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

DEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

PTaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

ESaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

EU-28aggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

INaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

IEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

EEaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

MTaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

ENTSOaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

DKaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

BRaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

ROaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

SIaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (EGA)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (MBIE)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

NZaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (NSW)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (NT)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (QLD)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (SA)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (TAS)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (VIC)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity grid mix 1kV-60kV (WA)
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1kV - 60kV

AUaggSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

DEu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

LVu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

PTu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

SKu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

EU-28u-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

BRu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

CHu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

INu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

PLu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

MTu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

JPu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

FIu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

DKu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

NLu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

NZu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

CZu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

LUu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

EEu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

ITu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

ROu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

GBu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

IEu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

HUu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

BEu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

ESu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

FRu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

SIu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

ATu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

GRu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

CYu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

NOu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

SEu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

BGu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

LTu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

AUu-soSphera

Electricity mix (energy carriers, generic, US eGRID)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, at power plant ;
<1kV

USu-soSphera

Electricity transfer
AC, technology mix ;
consumption mix ;
all voltage stages

GLOu-soSphera

Electrolysis (Prebake) IAI 2015
electrolysis of alumina, including aluminium industry and region specific electricity mix ;
single route, at plant ;
60 to over 500 kiloamperes (kA), 4.2 to 5.0 volts

CNp-aggIAI/Sphera

Electrolysis (Prebake) IAI 2015
electrolysis of alumina, including aluminium industry and region specific electricity mix ;
single route, at plant ;
60 to over 500 kiloamperes (kA), 4.2 to 5.0 volts

GLOp-aggIAI/Sphera

Electrolysis (Prebake) IAI 2015
electrolysis of alumina, including aluminium industry and region specific electricity mix ;
single route, at plant ;
60 to over 500 kiloamperes (kA), 4.2 to 5.0 volts

RMEp-aggIAI/Sphera

Electrolysis (Prebake) IAI 2015
electrolysis of alumina, including aluminium industry and region specific electricity mix ;
single route, at plant ;
60 to over 500 kiloamperes (kA), 4.2 to 5.0 volts

OCEp-aggIAI/Sphera

Electrolysis (Prebake/Søderberg) IAI 2015
electrolysis of alumina, including aluminium industry and region specific electricity mix ;
single route, at plant ;
60 to over 500 kiloamperes (kA), 4.2 to 5.0 volts

RLAp-aggIAI/Sphera

Electrolysis (Prebake/Søderberg) IAI 2015
electrolysis of alumina, including aluminium industry and region specific electricity mix ;
single route, at plant ;
60 to over 500 kiloamperes (kA), 4.2 to 5.0 volts

RNAp-aggIAI/Sphera

Electrolysis (Prebake/Søderberg) IAI 2015
electrolysis of alumina, including aluminium industry and region specific electricity mix ;
single route, at plant ;
60 to over 500 kiloamperes (kA), 4.2 to 5.0 volts

EU-28p-aggIAI/Sphera

Electrolysis (Prebake/Søderberg) IAI 2015
electrolysis of alumina, including aluminium industry and region specific electricity mix ;
single route, at plant ;
60 to over 500 kiloamperes (kA), 4.2 to 5.0 volts

CAp-aggIAI/Sphera

Electrolysis (Søderberg) IAI 2015
electrolysis of alumina, including aluminium industry and region specific electricity mix ;
single route, at plant ;
60 to over 500 kiloamperes (kA), 4.2 to 5.0 volts

GLOp-aggIAI/Sphera

Electronic ballast EB (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Electronic ballast EB (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electronic ballast EB (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Electronic ballast EB (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Elevator average utilization (200.000 rides/a)
Technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
200000 rides/a

EU-28aggSphera

Elevator average utilization (200.000 rides/a)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
200.000 rides/a

CNaggSphera

Elevator basic component (Independent of floor) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Elevator basic component (Independent of floor) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Elevator basic component (Independent of floor) (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Elevator basic component (Independent of floor) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Elevator component (dependent on floor) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 floor

EU-28p-aggSphera

Elevator component dependent on floor (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 floor

EU-28aggSphera

Elevator component dependent on floor (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 floor

EU-28aggSphera

Elevator high utilization (400.000 rides/a)
Technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
400000 rides/a

EU-28aggSphera

Elevator high utilization (400.000 rides/a)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
400.000 rides/a

CNaggSphera

Elevator low utilization (100.000 rides/a)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
100.000 rides/a

CNaggSphera

Elevator low utilization (100.000 rides/a)
Technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
100000 rides/a

EU-28aggSphera

Elm lumber, 1 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Elm lumber, 2 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Elm lumber, 4 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Enclosed composting (finished compost)
enclosed composting plant, without collection and transport of waste but including the production of good quality compost ;
single route, at plant

ATaggBOKU/Sphera

Enclosed composting (incl. compost application and crediting)
enclosed composting plant, without collection and transport of waste but including the production of good quality compost and the utilisation of compost ;
single route, at plant

ATaggBOKU/Sphera

Enclosed composting (incl. compost application)
enclosed composting plant, without collection and transport of waste but including the production of good quality compost and the utilisation of compost ;
single route, at plant

ATaggBOKU/Sphera

Energy recovery from hardwood glulam, untreated (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
674 kg/m3 at 10.5% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from hardwood glulam, untreated (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
674 kg/m3 at 10.5% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from hardwood timber, green, rough-sawn, untreated (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
768 kg/m3 at 26.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from hardwood timber, green, rough-sawn, untreated (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
768 kg/m3 at 26.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from hardwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from hardwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from hardwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from hardwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.6 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.6 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, MR, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.7 kg/m3 at 7.3% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, MR, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.7 kg/m3 at 7.3% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.6 kg/m3 at 7.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.6 kg/m3 at 7.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.5 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.5 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 19 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13.6 kg/m3 at 9.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 19 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13.6 kg/m3 at 9.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 22 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
15.9 kg/m3 at 9.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 22 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
15.9 kg/m3 at 9.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 25 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
18.3 kg/m3 at 9.1% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 25 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
18.3 kg/m3 at 9.1% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, MR, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, MR, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, MR, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, MR, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.6% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.6% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, exterior, A-bond, 7 mm (bracing) (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
3.5 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, exterior, A-bond, 7 mm (bracing) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
3.5 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, exterior, A-bond, 9 mm (structural) (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
4.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, exterior, A-bond, 9 mm (structural) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
4.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 15 mm (residential) (EN 15804 C3,
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
7.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 15 mm (residential) (EN 15804 D, C
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
7.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 25 mm (commercial) (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
12.3 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 25 mm (commercial) (EN 15804 D, Co
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
12.3 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, formply, A-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
8.7 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, formply, A-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
8.7 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, formply, B-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
9.3 kg/m3 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from plywood, formply, B-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
9.3 kg/m3 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from softwood glulam, untreated (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
621 kg/m3 at 12% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from softwood glulam, untreated (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
621 kg/m3 at 12% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from softwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from softwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from softwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (EN 15804 C3)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Energy recovery from softwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Engineered I-joists
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

EOL: Biological waste to composting

GLOu-soSphera

EOL: Biological waste to energy recovery

GLOu-soSphera

EOL: Material for reuse

GLOu-soSphera

EOL: Waste to be recycled

GLOu-soSphera

EOL: Waste to disposal

GLOu-soSphera

EOL: Waste to disposal (e.g. landfill, energy recovery)

GLOu-soSphera

EPDM roofing membranes (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
EPDM

EU-28aggSphera

EPDM seal in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
43.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

EPDM seal in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
43.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Epoxy resin
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Epoxy Resin (EP) Mix
from Bisphenol A and epichlorohydrin ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
approx. 1.15 g/cm3, 29.73 MJ/kg

DEaggSphera

Escalator - basic component (independent of lifting height) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Escalator basic componenet (Independent of lifting height) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Escalator basic componenet (Independent of lifting height) (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Escalator basic componenet (Independent of lifting height) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Escalator component dependent on lifting height (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 meter lifting height

EU-28p-aggSphera

Escalator component dependent on lifting height (per m) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 meter lifting height

EU-28aggSphera

Escalator component dependent on lifting height (per m) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 meter lifting height

EU-28aggSphera

Ethane
refinery gas separation ;
single route, at plant ;
1.36 g/l, 30.07 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Ethanol
hydrogenation with nitric acid ;
single route, at plant ;
96 % concentrated

DEaggSphera

Ethene (ethylene)
steam cracker, from naphtha ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.178 kg/m3, 28 g/mol

NOaggSphera

Ethene (ethylene)
steam cracker, from naphtha ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.178 kg/m3, 28 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Ethene (ethylene)
steam cracker, from naphtha ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.178 kg/m3, 28 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Ethene (ethylene)
steam cracker, from naphtha ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.178 kg/m3, 28 g/mol

ITaggSphera

Ethene (ethylene)
steam cracker, from naphtha ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.178 kg/m3, 28 g/mol

GBaggSphera

Ethyl acrylate
acid-catalysed esterification reaction of acrylic acid and ethanol ;
production mix, at producer

EU-28aggEBAM

Ethyl benzene
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Ethylene
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Ethylene glycol
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Ethylene glycol
oxidation of ethene with oxygen and water ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.11 g/cm³, 62 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Ethylene glycol
oxidation of ethene with oxygen and water ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.11 g/cm³, 62 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Ethylene glycol
oxidation of ethene with oxygen and water ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.11 g/cm³, 62 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Ethylene glycol from ethylene oxide
from ethene and oxygen via ethylene oxide ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.11 g/cm³, 62 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Ethylene oxide
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Ethylene oxide (EO) by-product carbon dioxide via air
purified, oxidation of ethylene with air ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.882 g/mL, 44 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Ethylene oxide (EO) by-product ethylene glycol via O2/methane
oxidation of ethylene with oxygen ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.93 kg/m3, 44.05 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Ethylene oxide (EO) via air
purified, oxidation of ethylene with air ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.882 g/mL, 44 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Ethylene Oxide (No. 8 - Matrix)
Sulphation of fatty alcohol and neutralization of fatty alcohol (C12-14) ester ;
Production mix, at plant ;
100% active substance; CAS number: 75-21-8

EU-28aggERASM

Ethyne (acetylene)
SACHSSE-BARTHOLOME process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.097 kg/m3, 26.04 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Ethyne (acetylene)
Sachsse-Bartholome process ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.18 g/l, 26.04 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

ETIC (Adhesion and coating, silicone resin plaster) (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
12,3 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

EVA roof sheets (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
EVA

EU-28aggSphera

Excavated soil with digger (EN15804 A5)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
15 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Excavated soil with digger (EN15804 A5)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
100 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Excavator 100 kW 1m3 (Sand)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
100 kW

CNaggSphera

Excavator 15 kW 1m3 (Sand)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
15 kW

CNaggSphera

Excavator, 100 kW, construction
technology mix ;
consumption mix ;
100 kW, construction

GLOu-soSphera

Excavator, 500 kW, mining
technology mix ;
consumption mix ;
500 kW, mining

GLOu-soSphera

Expandable polystyrene (EPS), white and grey
suspension polymerisation, extrusion or mass pelletisation ;
production mix, at producer

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Expanded clay (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 4/16

EU-28aggSphera

Expanded cork (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
80 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Expanded glass, granulate (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
granulate

EU-28aggSphera

Expanded Polystyrene (EPS 15)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
15 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Expanded Polystyrene (EPS 30)
PS production, foaming ;
production mix, at plant ;
30 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Expanded Polystyrene (PS 30) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
PS 30

EU-28aggSphera

Expanded polystyrene foam (PS 15) (A1-A3)
styrene polymerization, foaming ;
single producer, at plant ;
PS 15, no flame retardand

EU-28aggSphera

Expanded polystyrene foam (PS 20) (A1-A3)
styrene polymerization, foaming ;
single producer, at plant ;
PS 20, no flame retardand

EU-28aggSphera

Expanded polystyrene foam (PS 25) (A1-A3)
styrene polymerization, foaming ;
single route, at plant ;
PS 25, no flame retardand

EU-28aggSphera

Exported Electrical Energy (EEE)
This auxiliary process is used to declare the "Exported electrical energy" (EEE) in EPDs according to EN 15804. ;
[MJ]

GLOu-soSphera-EPD

Exported Thermal Energy (EET)
This auxiliary process is used to declare the "Exported thermal energy" (EET) in EPDs according to EN 15804. ;
[MJ]

GLOu-soSphera-EPD

External wall insulation system (Silicate dispersion plaster) (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Silicate dispersion plaster

EU-28aggSphera

External wall insulation system (synthetic resin plaster) (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Synthetic resin plaster

EU-28aggSphera

Extruded Aluminum
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RNAaggAA/Sphera

Extruded polystyrene (XPS)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
32 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Extruded polystyrene (XPS) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
32 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Facing brick
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1800 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Facing brick (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
clay- based

EU-28aggSphera

Farm tractor production (material composition, including Maintenance, without EoL)
based on material composition, including the usage of spare parts (maintenance), without assembly and EoL/recycling of component parts ;
single route, at producer ;
approximation

GLOp-aggSphera

Federal road
federal road construction ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
1 km road constructed, material ...

DEaggSphera

Ferro chrome high carbon, consumption mix
primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
60 % chrome, high carbon

DEaggSphera

Ferro metals on landfill
landfill including leachate treatment and without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Landfill height 30 m, landfill...

EU-28aggSphera

Ferro nickel (29%)
mining, separation, electric arc furnace ;
production mix, at plant ;
29 % nickel

GLOaggSphera

Ferro silicon mix (90% Si)
primary production, smelting furnace ;
production mix, at plant ;
90%, silicon

GLOaggSphera

Ferro-manganese, high-carbon (HC FeMn), 74 to 82 wt. % Mn, up to 7.5 wt % carbon
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
74 to 82 wt. % Mn, up to 7.5 wt % carbon

ZAaggSphera

Ferro-manganese, high-carbon (HC FeMn), 74 to 82 wt. % Mn, up to 7.5 wt % carbon
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
74 to 82 wt. % Mn, up to 7.5 wt % carbon

GLOaggSphera

Ferro-manganese, refined (Ref. FeMn), 80 to 85 wt. % Mn, less than 1.5 wt % carbon
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
80 to 85 wt. % Mn, less than 1.5 wt % carbon

GLOaggSphera

Ferro-manganese, refined (Ref. FeMn), 80 to 85 wt. % Mn, less than 1.5 wt % carbon
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
80 to 85 wt. % Mn, less than 1.5 wt % carbon

ZAaggSphera

Ferromolybdenum (FeMo)
Mining through FeMo production ;
Global production mix, at plant ;
ca.67% Mo content

GLOaggIMOA

Ferronickel (27% Nickel)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
27% Nickel

GLOaggNickel Institute

Ferrosilicon (75%) production
single route, at plant

CNu-soDLR/IMA/Sphera

Film for green roof
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Density: 1126 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Final manufacturing (carbon steel product)

GLOu-soSphera

Final manufacturing (stainless steel product)

GLOu-soSphera

Five-Layer laminated wood board, pine (EN15804 A1-A3) (credit fossil energy)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
472 kg/m3 at 12% moisture

EU-28aggSphera

Fixing material screws galvanized (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
galvanized (based on German steel)

EU-28aggSphera

Fixing material screws stainless steel (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Stainless steel (based on German stainless ste...

EU-28aggSphera

Flat collector (Big plant > 500m2)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 m2 and year

EU-28aggSphera

Flat collector (Big plant > 500m2) (Use)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kWh

CNaggSphera

Flat solar collector (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Flat collector

EU-28p-aggSphera

Flat solar collector (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Flat collector

EU-28aggSphera

Flat solar collector (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Flat solar collector (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Flattened car bodies - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Flattened car bodies - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Flax fibre fleece (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
38 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Float flat glass
cut, Pilkington process, from sand and soda ash ;
production mix, at plant ;
23% cullet (cut-off, burden free)

EU-28aggSphera

Float flat glass (open sec. material)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
open secondary material

EU-28p-aggSphera

Floor screed (anhydrite) (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
anhydrite

EU-28aggSphera

Floor screed (cement) (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Cement

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp socket T8-18W (LFL) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp socket T8-36W (LFL) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T5 14W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T5 14W (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T5 14W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T5 28W (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T5 28W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T5 28W (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T5 28W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T8 18W (D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T8 18W (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T8 18W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T8 18W (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T8 36W (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T8 36W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T8 36W (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamp T8 36W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamps socket T8 18W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamps socket T8 18W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamps socket T8 36W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Fluorescent lamps socket T8 36W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Formaldehyde (HCHO; 100%)
dehydrogenation of methanol ;
production mix, at plant ;
100 % concentrated

DEaggSphera

Formaldehyde (HCHO; 100%)
dehydrogenation of methanol ;
production mix, at plant ;
100 % concentrated

EU-28aggSphera

Formaldehyde (HCHO; 37%)
dehydrogenation of methanol ;
production mix, at plant ;
37 % concentrated

DEaggSphera

Formaldehyde (HCHO; 37%)
dehydrogenation of methanol ;
production mix, at plant ;
37 % concentrated

EU-28aggSphera

Freeway
freeway construction ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
1 km road constructed, material ...

DEaggSphera

Gas condensing boiler < 20 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler < 20 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler < 20 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler < 20 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler < 20 kW (use)
Gas condensing boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
up to 20 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler < 20 kW (wall unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler < 20 kW (wall-mounted unit) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler < 20 kW (wall-mounted unit) (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler < 20 kW (wall-mounted unit) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler 120-400 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler 120-400 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler 120-400 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler 120-400 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler 120-400 kW (use)
Gas condensing boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
120-400 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler 20-120 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
2 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler 20-120 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler 20-120 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
2 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler 20-120 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gas condensing boiler 20-120 kW (use)
Gas condensing boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
20-120 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Gas heat pump (air) 20-70 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
20-70 kW

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gas heat pump air (20 kW) 0°C (utilization)
gas- driven heat pump ;
production mix, at plant ;
20 kW thermal power

EU-28aggSphera

Gas heat pump air (20 kW) 7°C (utilization)
gas- driven heat pump ;
production mix, at plant ;
20 kW thermal power

EU-28aggSphera

Gas heat pump air (70 kW) 0°C (utilization)
gas- driven heat pump ;
production mix, at plant ;
70 kW thermal power

EU-28aggSphera

Gas heat pump air (70 kW) 7°C (utilization)
gas- driven heat pump ;
production mix, at plant ;
70 kW thermal power

EU-28aggSphera

Gas heat pump air 20-70 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas heat pump air 20-70 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas heat pump air 20-70 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature 20-120 kW (Use)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kWh

CNaggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler < 20 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler < 20 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler < 20 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler < 20 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler < 20 kW (use)
Gas low temperature boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
up to 20 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler < 20 kW (Use)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kWh

CNaggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (Use)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kWh

CNaggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (use)
Gas low temperature boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
120-400 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 20-120 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 20-120 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 20-120 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 20-120 kW (upright unit) (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gas low temperature boiler 20-120 kW (use)
Gas low temperature boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
20-120 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Gas-fired power plant (350 MW, 1 piece)
natural gas power plant production ;
single route, at plant ;
350 MW, material quantities adjustable

GLOu-soSphera

Gasoline E10 (premium)
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 10.66 wt.% bio components (...

DEaggSphera

Gasoline mix (E10) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
10.66 wt.% bio components (E10)

DEaggSphera

Gasoline mix (E5) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
5.33 wt.% bio components (E5)

DEaggSphera

Gasoline mix (E5) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 5.33 wt.% bio components (E...

DEaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
12.52 wt.% bio components

USaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
5.24 wt.% bio components

NLaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
1.91 wt.% bio components

CNaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
6.88 wt.% bio components

DEaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
38.35 wt.% bio components

BRaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
12.14 wt.% bio components

FRaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
4.90 wt.% bio components

GBaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
5.81 wt.% bio components

EU-28aggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
1.48 wt.% bio components

AUaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at filling station Western Australia
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
1.48 wt.% bio components

AUaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
500 ppm sulphur, 38.35 wt.% bio components

BRaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 1.68 wt.% bio components

JPaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 1.48 wt.% bio components

AUaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 4.90 wt.% bio components

GBaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
30 ppm sulphur, 12.52 wt.% bio components

USaggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 5.81 wt.% bio components

EU-28aggSphera

Gasoline mix (premium) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 6.88 wt.% bio components

DEaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
38.35 wt.% bio components

BRaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
5.81 wt.% bio components

EU-28aggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
1.48 wt.% bio components

AUaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
1.91 wt.% bio components

CNaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at filling station
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
12.52 wt.% bio components

USaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at filling station Western Australia
from crude oil and bio components ;
consumption mix, at filling station ;
1.48 wt.% bio components

AUaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 1.68 wt.% bio components

JPaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 5.81 wt.% bio components

EU-28aggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
150 ppm sulphur, 2.00 wt.% bio components

INaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
200 ppm sulphur, 38.35 wt.% bio components

BRaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
30 ppm sulphur, 12.52 wt.% bio components

USaggSphera

Gasoline mix (regular) at refinery
from crude oil and bio components ;
production mix, at refinery ;
10 ppm sulphur, 1.48 wt.% bio components

AUaggSphera

GCC dry
Ground Calcium Carbonate (GCC) - dry, uncoated, with a CaCO3 content of 98% or more, a median particle size ranging typically from 2.5 to 5 µm, ready to be shipped in bulk. Production at plant. ;
Production at plant ;
None

RERaggCCA/ELCD

General purpose polystyrene (GPPS)
continuous-mass copolymerization of styrene ;
production mix, at producer ;
40 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Glacial Acrylic Acid
catalysed oxidation of propene ;
production mix, at producer

EU-28aggEBAM

Glass ceramic production
Mixing, melting minerals and forming glass ;
production mix, at plant ;
2500 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Glass cullet, sorted
sorting and pretreatment of glass cullets, transports ;
single route, at plant

EU-28p-aggSphera

Glass fibres
from mineral components ;
production mix, at plant ;
Borosillicate glass / E-glass

DEaggSphera

Glass lamp bulbs (soda-lime - BREF)
Mixing, melting minerals and forming glass ;
production mix, at plant ;
2500 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Glass wool
fleece ;
production mix, at plant ;
density between 10 to 100 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Glue for gypsum boards (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Glued laminated timber
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Glued laminated timber (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Glued laminated timber

EU-28aggSphera

Granulator
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
30 - 1500 kg/h throughput

DEu-soSphera

Graphic Paper
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
79% primary fibre, 21% recycled fibre

EU-25aggEuro-graph/ELCD

Gravel (Grain size 2/32) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
wet, Grain size 2/32

DEaggSphera

Gravel (grain size 2-32mm)
wet and dry quarry ;
production mix, at plant ;
undried

CNaggSphera

Gravel 2/32
wet and dry quarry ;
production mix, at plant ;
2/32, undried

EU-28aggSphera

Green car bodies - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Green car bodies - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Grey cast iron (GG) part (sand casting)
hot blast cupola furnace, sand casting ;
single route, at producer ;
GG20 grade, 7,06 - 7,34 g/cm3

DEp-aggSphera

Ground calcium carbonate slurry
Ground Calcium Carbonate (GCC) - slurry, unbleached and uncoated, with a solid content of 75% in the slurry, a CaCO3 content of 98% or more, a median particle size ranging typically from 1 to 3 µm, ready to be shipped as slurry with a biocide content enabling a transportation or a storage during maximum 48h. Production at plant ;
Production at plant ;
None

RERaggCCA-Europe

Ground water, input regionalization dummy
Regionalization dummy process

GLOu-soSphera

Gypsum (CaSO4 alpha hemihydrate from FGD gypsum)
grinded and purified product, via calcination of calcium sulphate dihydrate ;
production mix, at plant ;
145.15 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Gypsum (CaSO4 alpha hemihydrate from FGD gypsum) (EN15804 A1-A3)
grinded and purified product, via calcination of calcium sulphate dihydrate ;
production mix, at plant ;
145.15 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Gypsum (CaSO4 alpha hemihydrate from FGD gypsum) (EN15804 A1-A3)
grinded and purified product, via calcination of calcium sulphate dihydrate ;
production mix, at plant ;
145.15 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Gypsum board (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
10 kg/m2

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gypsum cardboard
gypsum extraction and cardboard manufacturing ;
production mix, at plant ;
10 kg/m2

CNaggSphera

Gypsum fibre board (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
10 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Gypsum interior plaster
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Gypsum interior plaster (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Gypsum lime plaster (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1400 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Gypsum plaster (CaSO4 beta hemihydrate)
technology mix of natural gypsum (45%) and gypsum from flue gas desulphurisation (55%) ;
production mix, at plant ;
grinded and purified product

CNaggSphera

Gypsum plaster (CaSO4 beta hemihydrate) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix of natural gypsum (45%) and gypsum from flue gas desulphurisation (55%) ;
production mix, at plant ;
grinded and purified product

DEaggSphera

Gypsum plaster (CaSO4 beta hemihydrate) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix of natural gypsum (45%) and gypsum from flue gas desulphurisation (55%) ;
production mix, at plant ;
grinded and purified product

EU-28aggSphera

Gypsum plaster board (Acoustic ceilings) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
8,5 kg/m2

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gypsum plaster board (Fire protection) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
10 kg/m2

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gypsum plaster board (Moisture resistant) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
10 kg/m2

EU-28p-aggSphera

Gypsum plasterboard
technology mix of plasterboard production ;
production mix at factory ;
10 kg/m2

EU-28p-aggELCD/EUROGYPSUM

Gypsum stone (CaSO4-Dihydrate) (EN15804 A1-A3)
underground and open pit mining ;
production mix, at plant ;
grinded and purified product

DEaggSphera

Gypsum wallboard (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
84 kg/m2

EU-28aggSphera

Hackberry lumber, 1 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hackberry lumber, 2 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hackberry lumber, 4 inch (593 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
593 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
69% carbon content, 28 MJ/kg net calorific...

DEaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
70% carbon content, 28 MJ/kg net calorific...

USaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
68% carbon content, 27 MJ/kg net calorific...

INaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
69% carbon content, 27 MJ/kg net calorific...

BEaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
66% carbon content, 26 MJ/kg net calorific...

IEaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
69% carbon content, 26 MJ/kg net calorific...

PTaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
67% carbon content, 26 MJ/kg net calorific...

GBaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
69% carbon content, 27 MJ/kg net calorific...

NLaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
66% carbon content, 27 MJ/kg net calorific...

EU-28aggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
61% carbon content, 24 MJ/kg net calorific...

ATaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
62% carbon content, 25 MJ/kg net calorific...

NOaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
69% carbon content, 27 MJ/kg net calorific...

ROaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
65% carbon content, 25 MJ/kg net calorific...

SKaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
69% carbon content, 27 MJ/kg net calorific...

SEaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
68% carbon content, 26 MJ/kg net calorific...

LUaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
69% carbon content, 28 MJ/kg net calorific...

AUaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
66% carbon content, 26 MJ/kg net calorific...

ITaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
67% carbon content, 27 MJ/kg net calorific...

JPaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
69% carbon content, 27 MJ/kg net calorific...

FRaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
69% carbon content, 28 MJ/kg net calorific...

NZaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
69% carbon content, 27 MJ/kg net calorific...

RUaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
66% carbon content, 26 MJ/kg net calorific...

SIaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
70% carbon content, 27 MJ/kg net calorific...

BRaggSphera

Hard coal mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
59% carbon content, 24 MJ/kg net calorific...

PLaggSphera

Hard coal power plant (800 MW, 1 piece)
hard coal power plant construction ;
single route, at plant ;
800 MW, material quantities adjustable

GLOu-soSphera

Hard Maple lumber, 1 inch (705 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
705 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hard Maple lumber, 2 inch (705 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
705 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hard Maple lumber, 4 inch (705 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
705 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hardwood Glulam, untreated (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
674 kg/m3 at 10.5% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Hardwood timber, green, rough-sawn, untreated (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
768 kg/m3 at 26% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Hardwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Hardwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Hardwood Veneer AHEC Rotary (0.6 mm)
rotary thicker ;
single route, at plant ;
0.6 mm thickness

USaggAHEC

Hardwood Veneer AHEC Rotary Thicker (2-2.5 mm)
rotary thicker ;
single route, at plant ;
2- 2.5 mm thickness

USaggAHEC

Hardwood Veneer AHEC Slicer
slicing ;
single route, at plant ;
0.5- 0.6 mm thickness

USaggAHEC

Heat
residential heating systems from natural gas, condensing boiler, max. heat output 14.9 kW ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
at a temperature level of 55°C

EU-28aggSphera

Heat
residential heating systems from wood pellets, boiler, max. heat output 14.9 kW ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
at a temperature level of 70°C

EU-28aggSphera

Heat
residential heating systems from light fuel oil (low sulphur), condensing boiler, max. heat output 14.9 kW ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
at a temperature level of 55°C

EU-28aggSphera

Heating value of product (PERM & PENRM)
This auxiliary process is used to declare the PERM & PENRM in EPDs according to EN 15804. ;
The parameters specify the heating value for the whole product. [per f...

GLOu-soSphera-EPD

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (0.3wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.3 wt.% sulphur

USaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (1.0 wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
1 wt.% sulphur

GBaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (1.0 wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
1 wt.% sulphur

DEaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (1.0 wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
1 wt.% sulphur

FRaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (1.0 wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
1 wt.% sulphur

BRaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (1.0 wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
1 wt.% sulphur

AUaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (1.0 wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
1 wt.% sulphur

INaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (1.0 wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
1 wt.% sulphur

JPaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (1.0wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
1 wt.% sulphur

EU-28aggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (2.5wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.5 wt.% sulphur

DEaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (2.5wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.5 wt.% sulphur

USaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (2.5wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.5 wt.% sulphur

INaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (2.5wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.5 wt.% sulphur

FRaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (2.5wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.5 wt.% sulphur

GBaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (2.5wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.5 wt.% sulphur

AUaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (2.5wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.5 wt.% sulphur

BRaggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (2.5wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.5 wt.% sulphur

EU-28aggSphera

Heavy fuel oil at refinery (2.5wt.% S)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
2.5 wt.% sulphur

JPaggSphera

Hemp fibre fleece (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
density 38 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Hexamethylenediamine (HMDA; from acrylonitrile via adiponitrile)
HMDA via hydrogenation of adiponitrile ;
single route, at plant ;
0.84 g/mL, 116.20 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Hexamethylenediamine (HMDA; from acrylonitrile via adiponitrile)
HMDA via hydrogenation of adiponitrile ;
single route, at plant ;
0.84 g/mL, 116.20 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Hexamethylenediamine (HMDA; from butadiene via adiponitrile)
from butadiene via adiponitrile ;
single route, at plant ;
0.84 g/mL, 116.20 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Hickory lumber, 1 inch (833 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
833 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hickory lumber, 2 inch (833 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
833 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Hickory lumber, 4 inch (833 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
833 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

High impact polystyrene (HIPS)
polymerisation of polybutadiene rubber in a styrene solution ;
production mix, at producer ;
41 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Hot Rolled Aluminum
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RNAaggAA/Sphera

Hydrated Lime
Hydrated Lime, stored in silos, ready to be shipped ;
Production at plant ;
None

EU-27aggEuLa

Hydrochloric acid (32%)
primarily from chlorine ;
single route, at plant ;
32 % concentrated

DEaggSphera

Hydrochloric acid mix (100%)
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
100% HCl

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen (cracker)
steam cracker, from naphtha ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/mol, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen (Europipeline)
via Europipeline ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/cm3, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

EU-28aggSphera

Hydrogen (steam reforming heavy fuel oil)
steam reforming, from heavy fuel oil ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/mol, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen (steam reforming heavy fuel oil)
steam reforming, from heavy fuel oil ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/mol, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

NLaggSphera

Hydrogen (steam reforming natural gas)
steam reforming, from natural gas ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/mol, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

NLaggSphera

Hydrogen (steam reforming natural gas)
steam reforming, from natural gas ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/mol, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen cyanide (prussic acid)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.687 g/mL, 27 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Hydrogen cyanide (prussic acid, Andrussow process)
purified, Andrussow process, from natural gas and ammonia ;
single route, at plant ;
0.687 g/mL, 27 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen cyanide (prussic acid, technology mix)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.687 g/mL, 27 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen cyanide by-product acrylonitrile (AN), ammonium sulphate
ammoxidation of propene ;
single route, at plant ;
0.687 g/cm3, 27.03 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen cyanide by-product acrylonitrile (AN), ammonium sulphate (price allocated)
ammoxidation of propene ;
single route, at plant ;
0.687 g/cm3, 27.03 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Hydrogen fluoride
conversion of dried fluorspar with sulphuric acid ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.15 g/L, 20 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
50%; H2O2

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
50%; H2O2

FRaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
50%; H2O2

NLaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
50%; H2O2

BEaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (Hydrogen from steam cracker)
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
100%; H2O2

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (Hydrogen from steam reforming)
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
100% concentrated

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (Hydrogen from steam reforming)
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
100% concentrated

BEaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (Hydrogen from steam reforming)
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
100% concentrated

FRaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (Hydrogen from steam reforming)
anthraquinone process ;
production mix, at plant ;
100% concentrated

NLaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (integrated prod., 70% H2 chemical synthesis, 40% raw solut.)
anthraquinone process, steam supply from integrated steam system ;
production mix, at plant ;
100%; H2O2

NLaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (integrated prod., 70% H2 chemical synthesis, 40% raw solut.)
anthraquinone process, steam supply from integrated steam system ;
production mix, at plant ;
100%; H2O2

BEaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (integrated prod., 70% H2 chemical synthesis, 40% raw solut.)
anthraquinone process, steam supply from integrated steam system ;
production mix, at plant ;
100%; H2O2

FRaggSphera

Hydrogen peroxide (100%; H2O2) (integrated prod., 70% H2 chemical synthesis, 40% raw solut.)
anthraquinone process, steam supply from integrated steam system ;
production mix, at plant ;
100%; H2O2

DEaggSphera

Hydrogen, chlor-alkali production mix
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Incineration domestic waste (EN15804 C3)
End of Life, incineration ;
production mix, at plant ;
MWI

EU-28aggSphera

Incineration domestic waste (EN15804 D)
End of Life, incineration credits ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
municipal waste incineration

EU-28aggSphera

Industrial road, asphaltic
excavation, asphalt production, installation with construction machines ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
all layer's thickness 70 cm (40 ...

DEaggSphera

Inert matter (Glass) on landfill
landfill including leachate treatment and without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Landfill height 30 m, landfill...

EU-28aggSphera

Ingeo Polylactide (PLA) biopolymer production
corn production, dextrose wet milling process, fermentation to lactic acid, polymerisation ;
single route, at plant ;
1.210–1.430 kg/m3

USaggNatureWorks

Ingot casting 2015
casting of aluminium metal into ingots ;
single route, at plant ;
2.7 g/cm3

EU-28u-soIAI

Ingot casting 2015
casting of aluminium metal into ingots ;
single route, at plant ;
2.7 g/cm3

RNAu-soIAI

Ingot casting 2015
casting of aluminium metal into ingots ;
single route, at plant ;
2.7 g/cm3

RMEu-soIAI

Ingot casting 2015
casting of aluminium metal into ingots ;
single route, at plant ;
2.7 g/cm3

CNu-soIAI

Ingot casting 2015
casting of aluminium metal into ingots ;
single route, at plant ;
2.7 g/cm3

CAu-soIAI

Ingot casting 2015
casting of aluminium metal into ingots ;
single route, at plant ;
2.7 g/cm3

GLOu-soIAI

Ingot casting 2015
casting of aluminium metal into ingots ;
single route, at plant ;
2.7 g/cm3

OCEu-soIAI

Ingot casting 2015
casting of aluminium metal into ingots ;
single route, at plant ;
2.7 g/cm3

RLAu-soIAI

Inland water vessel (Average) (EN15804 A4)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggSphera

INPUT: Material with recycled content

GLOu-soSphera

INPUT: Material with sustainably sourced biological feedstock content

GLOu-soSphera

INPUT: Reused material

GLOu-soSphera

INPUT: Virgin material (no recycled/reused content)

GLOu-soSphera

Insulated aluminium wire - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Insulated aluminium wire - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Intermediate coat water-based (windows, white) (EN15804 A5)
windows, white, 10% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Investment goods, generic (1 piece used for 1 year)
investment goods for manufacturing a product ;
single route, at plant ;
parameters adjustable

GLOu-soSphera

Iron (II) sulphate
reacting iron ore with dilute sulphuric acid ;
single route, at plant ;
2.84 g/cm3, 151.91 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Isobutene (from Isobutane)
catalytic dehydrogenation of isobutane ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.59 g/cm3, 56 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Isopropanol
refined, indirect hydrogenation of propene ;
single route, at plant ;
0.78 g/cm3, 60 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Kaolin
mining, wet processing, drying and grinding ;
single route, at plant ;
2.16- 2.68 g/cm3

DEaggSphera

Kaolin fine, granular or powder, moisture content 0 to 30%, expressed in dry mass
kaolin-fine (powder or granular) with kaolin content exceeding 75%, particle size (d100) below 2 µm, moisture contents up to 30 %, stored in silo, ready to be shipped in bulk ;
Production at plant ;
none

EU-27aggKPC

Kerosene / Jet A1 at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
400 ppm sulphur

DEaggSphera

Kerosene / Jet A1 at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.1 wt.% sulphur

AUaggSphera

Kerosene / Jet A1 at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
400 ppm sulphur

GBaggSphera

Kerosene / Jet A1 at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.25 wt.% sulphur

BRaggSphera

Kerosene / Jet A1 at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
400 ppm sulphur

FRaggSphera

Kerosene / Jet A1 at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
400 ppm sulphur

JPaggSphera

Kerosene / Jet A1 at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.1 wt.% sulphur

USaggSphera

Kerosene / Jet A1 at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.25 wt.% sulphur

INaggSphera

Kerosene / Jet A1 at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
480 ppm sulphur

EU-28aggSphera

Kraftliner (2018) - for use in avoided burden EoL scenario cases
technology mix, by-products tall oil, turpentine, thermal energy sold/used externally ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.35 kg waste paper input per kg Kraftliner

EU-28p-aggSphera/FEFCO

Kraftliner (2018) - for use in cut-off EoL scenario cases
technology mix, by-products tall oil, turpentine, thermal energy sold/used externally ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.35 kg waste paper input per kg Kraftliner

EU-28p-aggSphera/FEFCO

Lake water, input regionalization dummy
Regionalization dummy process

GLOu-soSphera

Laminated veneer lumber (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
466 kg/m3 density at 12 % moisture

EU-28aggSphera

Laminated veneer lumber (LVL)
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Laminated woodboard softwood (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
515 kg/m3 density at 12% moisture

EU-28aggSphera

Land road
land road construction ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
1 km road constructed, material ...

DEaggSphera

Landfill (Municipal household waste)
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Landfill height 30 m, landfill...

CNaggSphera

Landfill of hardwood glulam, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
674 kg/m3 at 10.5% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood glulam, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
674 kg/m3 at 10.5% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood glulam, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
674 kg/m3 at 10.5% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood glulam, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
674 kg/m3 at 10.5% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, green, rough-sawn, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
768 kg/m3 at 26.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, green, rough-sawn, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
768 kg/m3 at 26.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, green, rough-sawn, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
768 kg/m3 at 26.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, green, rough-sawn, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
768 kg/m3 at 26.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of hardwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
735 kg/m3 at 10.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.7 kg/m3 at 7.3% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.7 kg/m3 at 7.3% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.6 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.6 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.6 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.6 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.7 kg/m3 at 7.3% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, moisture resistant, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.7 kg/m3 at 7.3% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.6 kg/m3 at 7.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.6 kg/m3 at 7.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.6 kg/m3 at 7.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.6 kg/m3 at 7.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13 kg/m3 at 7.1% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of mDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.5 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.5 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.5 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
17.5 kg/m3 at 7% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 19 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13.6 kg/m3 at 9.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 19 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13.6 kg/m3 at 9.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 19 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13.6 kg/m3 at 9.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 19 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
13.6 kg/m3 at 9.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 22 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
15.9 kg/m3 at 9.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 22 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
15.9 kg/m3 at 9.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 22 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
15.9 kg/m3 at 9.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 22 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
15.9 kg/m3 at 9.4% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 25 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
18.3 kg/m3 at 9.1% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 25 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
18.3 kg/m3 at 9.1% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 25 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
18.3 kg/m3 at 9.1% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 25 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
18.3 kg/m3 at 9.1% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, MR, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, MR, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D) (Copy)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, MR, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, MR, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.6% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.6% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.6% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.6% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard,moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D,
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard,moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (typical)(EN 15804 C4,
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard,moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (typical) (EN 1580 C4,
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of particleboard,moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (typical) (EN 15804 D,
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m3 at 6.8% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, exterior, A-bond, 7 mm (bracing) (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
3.5 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, exterior, A-bond, 7 mm (bracing) (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
3.5 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, exterior, A-bond, 7 mm (bracing) (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
3.5 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, exterior, A-bond, 7 mm (bracing) (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
3.5 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, exterior, A-bond, 9 mm (structural) (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
4.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, exterior, A-bond, 9 mm (structural) (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
4.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, exterior, A-bond, 9 mm (structural) (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
4.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, exterior, A-bond, 9 mm (structural) (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
4.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 15 mm (residential) (NGA) (EN 15804 C4, Cop
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
7.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 15 mm (residential) (NGA) (EN 15804 D
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
7.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 15 mm (residential) (typical) (EN 15804 C4,
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
7.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 15 mm (residential) (typical) (EN 15804 D,
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
7.4 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 25 mm (commercial) (NGA) (EN 15804 C4
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
12.3 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 25 mm (commercial) (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
12.3 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 25 mm (commercial) (typical) (EN 15804 C4,
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
12.3 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 25 mm (commercial) (typical) (EN 15804 D, C
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
12.3 kg/m3 at 7.9% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, formply, A-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
8.7 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, formply, A-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
8.7 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, formply, A-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
8.7 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, formply, A-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
8.7 kg/m3 at 7.8% moisture content (dry ba...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, formply, B-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
9.3 kg/m3 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, formply, B-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
9.3 kg/m3 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, formply, B-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
9.3 kg/m3 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of plywood, formply, B-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
9.3 kg/m3 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood glulam, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
621 kg/m3 at 12% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood glulam, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
621 kg/m3 at 12% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood glulam, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
621 kg/m3 at 12% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood glulam, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
621 kg/m3 at 12% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood timber, kiln-dried, dressed, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (NGA) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 C4)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Landfill of softwood timber, kiln-dried, rough-sawn, untreated (typical) (EN 15804 D)
technology mix ;
end-of-life mix, at producer ;
551 kg/m3 at 12.2% moisture content (dry b...

AUaggFWPA

Large Engine ship, 3,000t payload capacity / downstream
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
3,000t payload capacity / downstream

GLOu-soSphera

Large Engine ship, 3,000t payload capacity / upstream
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
3,000t payload capacity / upstream

GLOu-soSphera

Large Engine ship, 3'000t payload capacity / canal
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
3'000t payload capacity / canal

GLOu-soSphera

Lava granulate (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
granulate

EU-28aggSphera

Lead
technology mix, primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
11.3 g/cm3, 207 g/mol

DEp-aggSphera

Lead (99,995%)
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
99,995 % Pb

DEaggSphera

Lead primary and secondary mix
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
primary 46% / secondary 54%

EU-28p-aggILA

Lead sheet
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Lead

CNp-aggSphera

Light duty vehicle, 1980s, up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity
diesel driven, 1980s, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity

GLOu-soSphera

Light duty vehicle, Euro 1, up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity
diesel driven, Euro 1, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity

GLOu-soSphera

Light duty vehicle, Euro 2, up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity
diesel driven, Euro 2, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity

GLOu-soSphera

Light duty vehicle, Euro 3, up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity
diesel driven, Euro 3, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity

GLOu-soSphera

Light duty vehicle, Euro 4, up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity
diesel driven, Euro 4, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity

GLOu-soSphera

Light duty vehicle, Euro 5, up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity
diesel driven, Euro 5, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity

GLOu-soSphera

Light duty vehicle, Euro 6, up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity
diesel driven, Euro 6, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
up to 3.5t gross weight / up to 1.5 t payload capacity

GLOu-soSphera

Light fuel oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.05 wt.% sulphur

USaggSphera

Light fuel oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.1 wt.% sulphur

AUaggSphera

Light fuel oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.1 wt.% sulphur

GBaggSphera

Light fuel oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.1 wt.% sulphur

EU-28aggSphera

Light fuel oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.3 wt.% sulphur

BRaggSphera

Light fuel oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.1 wt.% sulphur

JPaggSphera

Light fuel oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.1 wt.% sulphur

FRaggSphera

Light fuel oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
0.1 wt.% sulphur

DEaggSphera

Light fuel oil at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
1.8 wt.% sulphur

INaggSphera

Light mortar LM 21 (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
LM 21

EU-28aggSphera

Lighting (1 kWh of electricity consumption)
electricity consumed by lighting ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1 kWh

CNaggSphera

Lightweight concrete block
expanded clay as base material ;
production mix, at plant ;
Light-weight concrete

EU-28aggSphera

Lightweight concrete block (expanded clay, hollow block, density class 1,6) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
expanded clay, hollow block, density class 1,6...

EU-28aggSphera

Lightweight concrete block (expanded clay, solid block, density class 0,5) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
expanded clay, solid block, density class 0,5,...

EU-28aggSphera

Lightweight concrete block exterior wall (pumice, solid block, density class 0,55) (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
pumice, solid block, density class 0,55, 550 k...

EU-28aggSphera

Lightweight concrete block interior wall (expanded clay, density class 0,7) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Plan stone interior wall, density class 0,7, 7...

EU-28aggSphera

Lightweight concrete block interior wall (pumice, hollow block, density class 1,0) (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
pumice, hollow block, density class 1,0, 1000 ...

EU-28aggSphera

Lightweight concrete block partition wall (pumice, hollow block, density class 1,6)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
pumice, hollow block, density class 1,6, 1600 ...

EU-28aggSphera

Lightweight plaster (lime-cement)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
900 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Light-weight sand expanded clay (grain size 0/4) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 0/4

EU-28aggSphera

Light-weight sand pumice (grain size 0/4) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 0/4

EU-28aggSphera

Lightweight wood fibers panel (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
360 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Lignite dust
grinding lignite, for furnace applications ;
production mix, at plant ;
22 MJ/kg net calorific value, 59% carbon conte...

USaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
32% carbon content, 11.2 MJ/kg net calorif...

SKaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
36% carbon content, 14.0 MJ/kg net calorif...

USaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
27% carbon content, 9.8 MJ/kg net calorifi...

SIaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
24% carbon content, 8.9 MJ/kg net calorifi...

PLaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
26% carbon content, 9.4 MJ/kg net calorifi...

EU-28aggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
27% carbon content, 9.9 MJ/kg net calorifi...

DEaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
31% carbon content, 11.6 MJ/kg net calorif...

INaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
21% carbon content, 7.8 MJ/kg net calorifi...

FRaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
27% carbon content, 9.3 MJ/kg net calorifi...

AUaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
25% carbon content, 7.6 MJ/kg net calorifi...

ROaggSphera

Lignite mix
lignite mining ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
22% carbon content, 7.5 MJ/kg net calorifi...

HUaggSphera

Lignite power plant (950 MW, 1 piece)
lignite power plant construction ;
single route, at plant ;
950MW, material quantities adjustable

GLOu-soSphera

Lime (CaO; finelime) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CaO finelime, density of CaO: 3,37 g·cm−3 (20 ...

DEaggSphera

Lime (CaO; quicklime lumpy)
calcination of limestone ;
single route, at plant ;
3.34 g/cm3, 56 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Lime (CaO; quicklime lumpy)
from limestone ;
production mix, at plant ;
3.37 g/cm3, 56.08 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Lime (CaO; quicklime lumpy) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
3.37 g/cm3, 56.08 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Lime gypsum interior plaster
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1400 kg/cbm

CNaggSphera

Lime gypsum interior plaster (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
lime-gypsum

EU-28aggSphera

Limestone (CaCO3; washed)
mining and benefication ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.73 g/cm3, 100.09 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (0.1mm)
limestone production and grinding ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.1 mm grain size

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (0.2mm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 0.2mm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (0.5µm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 0.5µm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (0.5mm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 0.5mm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (1µm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 1µm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (10µm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 10µm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (1mm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 1mm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (2µm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 2µm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (20µm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 20µm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (2mm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 2mm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (5µm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 5µm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (50µm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 50µm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (5mm)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 5mm

DEaggSphera

Limestone flour (CaCO3; dried)
milling and drying ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.73 g/cm3, 100.09 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Limestone, crushed stone fines (Grain size 0/2) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 0/2

EU-28aggSphera

Limestone, gravel (grain size 16/32) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 16/32

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 2700 l (above ground) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 2700 l (above ground) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 2700 l (underground) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 2700 l (underground) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 2700 l/1,2 t (above ground) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 2700 l/1,2 t (underground) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 4850 l (above ground) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 4850 l (above ground) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 4850 l (underground) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 4850 l (underground) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 4850 l/2,1 t (underground) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 4850 l/2,1T (above ground) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 6400 l (above ground) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 6400 l (underground) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 6400 l (underground) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 6400 l/2,9 t (above ground) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 6400 l/2,9 t (underground) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Liquefied gas tank 6400l (above ground) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) (70% propane, 30% butane)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
Mix of 70% propane and 30% butane

EU-28aggSphera

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) (70% propane, 30% butane)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
Mix of 70% propane and 30% butane

DEaggSphera

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) (70% propane; 30% butane)
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
Mix of 70% propane and 30% butane

USaggSphera

LNG tanker, 125,000 m3 payload capacity, ocean going
heavy fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
125,000 m3 payload capacity, ocean going

GLOu-soSphera

Long Chain Polyether Polyols mix
polymerisation of propylene oxide ;
production mix, at plant ;
Molecular weight > 1000 g/mol

EU-28aggISOPA

Loose used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Loose used beverage cans (UBC) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Lorry (22t) incl. fuel
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo

RERaggELCD

Lorry transport incl. fuel, Euro 0-6 mix, 22 t total weight, 17.3t max payload
Euro 0 - 6 mix ;
consumption mix ;
22 t total weight, 17.3t max payload

EU-28aggSphera

Louvrelight 2x T8 36W (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Louvrelight 2X T8 36W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Louvrelight 2X T8 36W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Louvrelight integrated into ceiling 2X T5 28W (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Louvrelight integrated into ceiling 2x T5 28W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Louvrelight integrated into ceiling 2x T5 28W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Louvrelight integrated into ceiling 3X T5 14W (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Louvrelight integrated into ceiling 3x T5 14W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Louvrelight integrated into ceiling 3x T5 14W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Louvrelight integrated into ceiling 3X T8 18W (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Louvrelight integrated into ceiling 3x T8 18W (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Louvrelight integrated into ceiling 3x T8 18W (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Low copper aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Low copper aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Low grade irony aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Low grade irony aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Low-loss ballast LLB (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Low-loss ballast LLB (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Low-loss ballast LLB (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Low-loss ballast LLB (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Lubricants at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEaggSphera

Lubricants at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28aggSphera

Lubricants at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

BRaggSphera

Lubricants at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

GBaggSphera

Lubricants at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

FRaggSphera

Lubricants at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

AUaggSphera

Lubricants at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

JPaggSphera

Lubricants at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

INaggSphera

Lubricants at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
38 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Magnesium
technology mix, primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.74 g/cm3, 24 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Magnesium production, electrolysis
single route, at plant

ILu-soDLR/IMA/Sphera

Magnesium production, pidgeon process
single route, at plant

CNu-soDLR/IMA/Sphera

Manganese steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Manganese steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mastic asphalt (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2400 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Material credit (incl. value decrease)

GLOu-soSphera

Materials for Energy Recovery (MER)
This auxiliary process is used to declare the "Materials for energy recovery" (MER) in EPDs according to EN 15804.

GLOu-soSphera-EPD

Materials for Recycling (MFR)
This auxiliary process is used to declare the "Materials for recycling" (MFR) in EPDs according to EN 15804.

GLOu-soSphera-EPD

MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
11.7 kg/m2 at 7% moisture content (dry basis) / 6.5% water content (we...

AUaggFWPA

MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
13.0 kg/m2 at 7% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

MDF, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
17.6 kg/m2 at 7% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
11.6 kg/m2 at 7% moisture content (dry basis) / 6.5% water content (we...

AUaggFWPA

MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
13.0 kg/m2 at 7% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

MDF, standard, E1, melamine coated, 25 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
17.5 kg/m2 at 7% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Medium density fiberboard (MDF)
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Melamine
Stami carbon process ;
production mix, at plant ;
1574 kg/m3, 126 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Melamine
Stami carbon process ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.57 g/cm3, 126.12 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Metal fitting for double casement windows (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1,014 kg/piece

EU-28aggSphera

Metal fitting for horizontal sliding window (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
0,696 kg/piece

EU-28aggSphera

Metal fitting for vertical sliding window (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
0,93 kg/piece

EU-28aggSphera

Metal-cutting machine (1 piece)
construction of a metal cutting machine ;
single route, at plant ;
material quantities adjustable

GLOu-soSphera

Methane
natural gas purification ;
single route, at plant ;
0.72 kg/m3, 16.04 g/mol, 50.04 MJ/kg net calorif...

DEaggSphera

Methyl acrylate
acid-catalysed esterification reaction of acrylic acid and methanol ;
production mix, at producer

EU-28aggEBAM

Methyl methacrylate (MMA)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Methyl methacrylate (MMA) from acetone and hydrogen cyanide
purified, acetone- cyanohydrine- route, from acetone, hydrogen cyanide and methanol ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.94 g/cm³, 100 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI), by-product hydrochloric acid, methanol
phosgenation of methylenedianiline ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.23 g/cm3, 250 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Methylenediphenyl diisocyanate ( (p)MDI)
phosgenation of methylenedianiline (MDA) ;
production mix, at plant ;
polymeric MDI ( (p)MDI)

EU-28aggISOPA

Methylmethacrylate (MMA, recycling of spent acid)
purified, acetone- cyanohydrine- route, recycling of spent acid ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.94 g/cm³, 100 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Methylmethacrylate (MMA, recycling of spent acid)
purified, acetone- cyanohydrine- route, recycling of spent acid ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.94 g/cm³, 100 g/mol

ITaggSphera

Mineral wool (Facades) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
46 kg/m3

EU-28p-aggSphera

Mineral wool (Flat roofs) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
145 kg/m3

EU-28p-aggSphera

Mineral wool (Floors) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
85 kg/m3

EU-28p-aggSphera

Mineral wool (Partition walls) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
26 kg/m3

EU-28p-aggSphera

Mineral wool (Pitched roofs) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
30 kg/m3

EU-28p-aggSphera

Mineralic render
minerals mixing ;
production mix, at plant ;
1200 kg/cbm

CNaggSphera

Mining Truck, 220 t payload, 1,700 kW
technology mix ;
consumption mix ;
220 t payload, 1,700 kW

GLOu-soSphera

Mining Truck, 220 t payload, 1,700 kW - open input transport material
technology mix ;
consumption mix ;
220 t payload, 1,700 kW

EU-28p-aggSphera

Mixed cast iron - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mixed cast iron - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Mixed iron & steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Mixed iron & steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mixed irony aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mixed irony aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Mixed steel cans - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Mixed steel cans - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mixed steel turnings & iron borings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Mixed steel turnings & iron borings - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Motor ship, 1,100t payload capacity / canal
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
1,100t payload capacity / canal

GLOu-soSphera

Motor ship, 1,100t payload capacity / downstream
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
1,100t payload capacity / downstream

GLOu-soSphera

Motor ship, 1,100t payload capacity / upstream
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
1,100t payload capacity / upstream

GLOu-soSphera

Motor ship, 1,500t payload capacity / downstream
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
1,500t payload capacity / downstream

GLOu-soSphera

Motor ship, 1,500t payload capacity / upstream
technology mix, diesel driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
1,500t payload capacity / upstream

GLOu-soSphera

Motorboat production
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
600 DWT; 150t lightweight

GLOp-aggSphera

Multi layer parquet (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
6,5 kg/m²

EU-28aggSphera

Municipal household waste (AT, DE, IT, LU, NL, SE, CH) on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Net calorific value 9,7 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Municipal household waste (BE, DK) on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Net calorific value 10 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Municipal household waste (ES, GR, PT) on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Net calorific value 9,7 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Municipal household waste (FR, GB, FI, NO) on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Net calorific value 10 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Municipal road
municipal road construction ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
1 km road constructed, material ...

DEaggSphera

Municipal solid waste on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
AT, DE, IT, LU, NL, SE, CH production mi... ;
Net calorific value 9,7 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Municipal solid waste on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
ES, GR, PT production mix (region specif... ;
Net calorific value 9,7 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Municipal solid waste on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
FR, GB, IE, FI, NO production mix (regio... ;
Net calorific value 10 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Municipal solid waste on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
BE, DK production mix (region specific s... ;
Net calorific value 10 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Municipal waste in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
8.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Municipal waste in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
10 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Municipal waste landfill (EN15804 C4)
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Net calorific value 9,7 MJ/kg

EU-28aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (50% agricultural sludge appl.,50% sludge inciner., cut-off)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
50% agricultural sludge application, 50% sludg...

EU-28aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (50% agricultural sludge appli., 50% sludge inciner., cut-off)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
50% agricultural sludge application, 50% sludg...

DEaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (agricultural sludge application)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
agricultural sludge application

DEaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (agricultural sludge application)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
agricultural sludge application

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (agricultural sludge application)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
agricultural sludge application

EU-28aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (agricultural sludge application, cut off, incl. emissions of EoL)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
agricultural sludge application

DEaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (agricultural sludge application, cut-off, incl. emissions of EoL)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
agricultural sludge application

EU-28aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (mix)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
50% agricultural sludge application, 50% sludg...

DEaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (mix)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
50% agricultural sludge application, 50% sludg...

EU-28aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge 50% agric./50% inciner., for regio, cut-off)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge 50% agric./50% inciner.

GLOp-aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge 50% agricultural/50% incineration, for regionalization)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
50% agricultural sludge application, 50% sludg...

GLOp-aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge agri. appl., f. reg., cut-off, incl., emissions EoL)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
agricultural sludge application

GLOp-aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge agricultural application, for regionalization)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
agricultural sludge application

GLOp-aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge deposited on landfill)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge deposited on landfill

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge incineration)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge incineration

USaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge incineration)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge incineration

EU-28aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge incineration)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge incineration

DEaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge incineration, Cut-off)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge incineration

DEaggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge incineration, Cut-off)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge incineration

EU-28aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge incineration, for regionalization)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge incineration

GLOp-aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge incineration, for regionalization, cut-off)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge incineration

GLOp-aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge landfill, for regionalization)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge deposited on landfill

GLOp-aggSphera

Municipal waste water treatment (sludge landfill, for regionalization, cut-off)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
sludge deposited on landfill

GLOp-aggSphera

Naphtha at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
44 MJ/ kg net calorific value

AUaggSphera

Naphtha at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
44 MJ/ kg net calorific value

BRaggSphera

Naphtha at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
44 MJ/ kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Naphtha at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
44 MJ/ kg net calorific value

JPaggSphera

Naphtha at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
44 MJ/ kg net calorific value

DEaggSphera

Naphtha at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
44 MJ/ kg net calorific value

EU-28aggSphera

Naphtha at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery

FRaggSphera

Naphtha at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
44 MJ/ kg net calorific value

GBaggSphera

Naphtha at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
44 MJ/ kg net calorific value

INaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

NLaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

DKaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

LTaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

PTaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

LVaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

LUaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

ATaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

IEaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

SIaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

HUaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

BGaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

NZaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

GBaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

ALaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

JPaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

ITaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

MKaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

PLaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

EU-28aggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

BAaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

USaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

AUaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

SKaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

ROaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

CHaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

CZaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

BRaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

DEaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

SEaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

NOaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

BEaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

INaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

EEaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

FRaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

HRaggSphera

Natural gas mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
medium pressure level (< 1 bar)

RSaggSphera

Natural stone slab, flexible, facade
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
104 kg/m2

CNaggSphera

Natural stone slab, flexible, indoor
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
52 kg/m2

CNaggSphera

Natural stone slab, rigid, exterior
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
208 kg/m2

CNaggSphera

Natural stone slab, rigid, facade
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
78 kg/m2

CNaggSphera

Natural stone slab, rigid, indoor
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
52 kg/m2

CNaggSphera

n-Butyl acrylate
acid-catalysed esterification reaction of acrylic acid and butanol ;
production mix, at producer

EU-28aggEBAM

New beverage cans stock - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

New beverage cans stock - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Nickel (Class 1, >99.8% Nickel)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
99.8% Nickel

GLOaggNickel Institute

Nitric acid (60%)
oxidation of ammonia ;
single route, at plant ;
60%

DEaggSphera

Nitric acid (98% HNO3)
Ostwald process, from ammonia, including primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
98 % nitric acid

EU-28aggFertilizers Europe

Nitric acid (98%)
oxidation of ammonia ;
single route, at plant ;
98%

DEaggSphera

Nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR, 33% acrylonitrile)
polymerisation of acrylonitrile and butadiene ;
single route, at plant ;
33% acrylonitrile content

DEaggSphera

Nitrobenzene
purified, nitration of benzene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.2 g/cm3, 123 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Nitrobenzene
from benzene via nitration ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.199 g/cm3, 123.06 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Nitrogen (gaseous)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.250 kg/m3, 14.0 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Nitrogen (gaseous)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.250 kg/m3, 14.0 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Nitrogen (gaseous)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.250 kg/m3, 14.0 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Nitrogen (gaseous)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.250 kg/m3, 14.0 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Nitrogen (liquid)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
14.0 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Nitrogen (liquid)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
14.0 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Nitrogen (liquid)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
14.0 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Nitrogen (liquid)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
14.0 g/mol

CNaggSphera

No. 1 steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 1 steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 1 steel (2 foot) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 1 steel (2 foot) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 2 steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 2 steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 2 steel (2 foot) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 2 steel (2 foot) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 3 steel (unprepared bushling) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 3 steel (unprepared bushling) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 4 shredded steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

No. 4 shredded steel - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 4 steel (silicon bushling) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

No. 4 steel (silicon bushling) - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Normal mortar
mixing water and aggregates ;
production mix, at plant ;
1600 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Normal mortar (A1-A3)
mixing cement, water and aggregates ;
single producer, at plant ;
1600 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

NPK 15-15-15 (nitrophosphate route, 15N-15P2O5-15K2O)
including primary production, nitrophosphate route ;
production mix, at plant ;
15% nitrogen, 15 % phosphate, 15% potassium

EU-28aggFertilizers Europe

Ocean bulk carrier/tanker ship production (100,000t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
100,000t deadweight; 18,000t lightweight

GLOp-aggSphera

Ocean bulk carrier/tanker ship production (200,000t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
200,000t deadweight; 32,000t lightweight

GLOp-aggSphera

Ocean bulk carrier/tanker ship production (50,000t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
50,000t deadweight; 11,000t lightweight

GLOp-aggSphera

Ocean container ship production (100,000t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
100,000t DWT; 50,000t lightweight; about 9,00...

GLOp-aggSphera

Ocean container ship production (125,000t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
125,000t DWT; 62,500t lightweight; about 13,0...

GLOp-aggSphera

Ocean container ship production (150,000t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
150,000t DWT; 75,000t lightweight; about 15,0...

GLOp-aggSphera

Ocean container ship production (200,000t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
200,000t DWT; 100,000t lightweight; more than...

GLOp-aggSphera

Ocean container ship production (27,500t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
27,500t DWT; 13,200t lightweight; about 2,000...

GLOp-aggSphera

Ocean container ship production (50,000t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
50,000t DWT; 26,500t lightweight; about 4,000...

GLOp-aggSphera

Ocean container ship production (85,000t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
85,000t DWT; 42,500t lightweight; about 7,000...

GLOp-aggSphera

Ocean ferry production (1,200t - 10,000t DWT)
material composition, without ship manufacturing, without EoL ;
single route, at producer ;
1,200t - 10,000t DWT; 11,700t lightweight

GLOp-aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler < 20 kW (upright unit) (A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler < 20 kW (use)
Oil condensing boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
up to 20 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler < 20 kW (wall unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler <20 kW (upright unit (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler <20 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler <20 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler <20 kW (wall-mounted appliance) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler <20 kW (wall-mounted appliance) (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler <20 kW (wall-mounted appliance) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler 120 - 400 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler 120 - 400 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler 120 - 400 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler 120-400 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler 120-400 kW (use)
Oil condensing boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
120-400 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler 20 - 120 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler 20 - 120 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler 20 - 120 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler 20-120 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Oil condensing boiler 20-120 kW (use)
Oil condensing boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
20-120 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature < 20 kW (Use)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kWh

CNaggSphera

Oil low temperature 120-400 kW (Use)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kWh

CNaggSphera

Oil low temperature 20-120 kW (Use)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kWh

CNaggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler < 20 kW (upright unit)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler < 20 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler < 20 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler < 20 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler < 20 kW (use)
Oil low temperature boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
up to 20 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler 120-400 kW (use)
Oil low temperature boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
120-400 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler 20-120 kW (upright unit)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler 20-120 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler 20-120 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler 20-120 kW (upright unit) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil low temperature boiler 20-120 kW (use)
Oil low temperature boiler, for heating of buildings ;
production mix, at plant ;
20-120 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank PE HD (1000 l) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank PE HD (1000 l) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank PE HD (1500 l) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank PE HD (1500 l) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank PE HD (750 l) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank PE HD (750 l) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank PE-HD (1000l) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank PE-HD (1500l) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank PE-HD (750l) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank steel/PE-HD (Double wall tank, 1000l) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Oil tank steel/PE-HD (Double wall tank, 750l) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Oil tank steel/PE-HD (double walled tank, 1000 l) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank steel/PE-HD (double walled tank, 1000 l) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank steel/PE-HD (double walled tank, 750 l) (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tank steel/PE-HD (double walled tank, 750 l) (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Oil tanker, 5,000 - 300,000 dwt payload capacity, ocean going
heavy fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
5,000 - 300,000 dwt payload capacity, ocean going

GLOu-soSphera

Oil tanker, 500 to 20,000 dwt payload capacity, coastal
light fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
500 to 20,000 dwt payload capacity, coastal

GLOu-soSphera

Oil tanker, average, coastal
light fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
average, coastal

GLOu-soSphera

Oil tanker, average, ocean going
heavy fuel oil driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
average, ocean going

GLOu-soSphera

Old mixed aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Old mixed aluminium - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

OneSteel Low relaxation strand and low relaxation wire (EN15804 A1-A3)
Blast furnace - basic oxygen steelmaking & electric arc furnace, steel rolling ;
Production mix, at mill ;
Typical composition of the product: Iron >98%, ...

AUp-aggOneSteel

OneSteel Merchant Bar (EN15804 A1-A3)
Blast furnace - basic oxygen steelmaking & electric arc furnace, steel rolling ;
Production mix, at distributor ;
Typical composition of the product: Iron...

AUp-aggOneSteel

OneSteel Merchant Bar (EN15804 A1-A3)
Blast furnace - basic oxygen steelmaking & electric arc furnace, steel rolling ;
Production mix, at mill ;
Typical composition of the product: Iron >98%, ...

AUp-aggOneSteel

OneSteel Rail products (EN15804 A1-A3)
Blast furnace - basic oxygen steelmaking & electric arc furnace, steel rolling ;
Production mix, at mill ;
Typical composition of the product: Iron >98%, ...

AUp-aggOneSteel

OneSteel Reinforcing Bar (EN15804 A1-A3)
Blast furnace - basic oxygen steelmaking & electric arc furnace, steel rolling ;
Production mix, at mill ;
Typical composition of the product: Iron >98%, ...

AUp-aggOneSteel

OneSteel Reinforcing Bar (EN15804 A1-A3)
Blast furnace - basic oxygen steelmaking & electric arc furnace, steel rolling ;
Production mix, at distributor ;
Typical composition of the product: Iron...

AUp-aggOneSteel

OneSteel Reinforcing Mesh (EN15804 A1-A3)
Blast furnace - basic oxygen steelmaking & electric arc furnace, steel rolling ;
Production mix, at distributor ;
Typical composition of the product: Iron...

AUp-aggOneSteel

OneSteel Reinforcing Rod and Wire (EN15804 A1-A3)
Blast furnace - basic oxygen steelmaking & electric arc furnace, steel rolling ;
Production mix, at mill ;
Typical composition of the product: Iron >98%, ...

AUp-aggOneSteel

OneSteel Steel scrap credit (EN15804 D)
Credit/burden for production/use of recycled steel ;
Virtual credit/burden

AUaggOneSteel

OneSteel Structural (EN15804 A1-A3)
Blast furnace - basic oxygen steelmaking & electric arc furnace, steel rolling ;
Production mix, at mill ;
Typical composition of the product: Iron >98%, ...

AUp-aggOneSteel

OneSteel Structural (EN15804 A1-A3)
Blast furnace - basic oxygen steelmaking & electric arc furnace, steel rolling ;
Production mix, at distributor ;
Typical composition of the product: Iron...

AUp-aggOneSteel

Open windrow composting (finished compost)
Open windrow composting plant, without collection and transport of waste but including the production of good quality compostilisation of compost ;
single route, at plant

ATaggBOKU/Sphera

Open windrow composting (incl. compost application and crediting)
Open windrow composting plant, without collection and transport of waste but including the production of good quality compost and the utilisation of compost ;
single route, at plant

ATaggBOKU/Sphera

Open windrow composting (incl. compost application)
Open windrow composting plant, without collection and transport of waste but including the production of good quality compost and the utilisation of compost ;
single route, at plant

ATaggBOKU/Sphera

Oriented strandboard (OSB)
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

OUTPUT: Biological waste to composting

GLOu-soSphera

OUTPUT: Biological waste to energy recovery

GLOu-soSphera

OUTPUT: Manufacturing waste to be recycled

GLOu-soSphera

OUTPUT: Manufacturing waste to disposal

GLOu-soSphera

OUTPUT: Manufacturing waste to disposal (e.g. landfill, energy recovery)

GLOu-soSphera

OUTPUT: Material for reuse

GLOu-soSphera

OUTPUT: Product mass and utility

GLOu-soSphera

Oxygen (gaseous)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.429 kg/m3, 16.0 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Oxygen (gaseous)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.429 kg/m3, 16.0 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Oxygen (gaseous)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.429 kg/m3, 16.0 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Oxygen (gaseous)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.429 kg/m3, 16.0 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Oxygen (liquid)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
16.0 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Oxygen (liquid)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
16.0 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Oxygen (liquid)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
16.0 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

o-Xylene
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

o-Xylene
from pyrolysis gasoline ;
single route, at plant ;
0.88 g/ml, 106.17 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Paint emulsion (building, exterior, white) (EN15804 A1-A3)
building, exterior, white, 4,5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Paint emulsion (building, interior, white, wear resistant) (EN15804 A5)
building, interior, white, wear resistant, 2% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Paint system wooden facade (Half-Pigmented scumble) (EN15804 A1-A3)
wooden facade, 1,5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Paint system wooden facade (Half-Pigmented scumble) (EN15804 A5)
wooden facade, 1,5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Painted, insulated aluminium sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Painted, insulated aluminium sheets - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Palm kernel oil methylester (incl. LUC, incl. peat emissions, 75 cm)
Cultivation, harvesting of oil palm and processing of fresh fruit bunches/ technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Palm kernel oil methyl ester

GLOaggERASM

Palm oil methylester (incl. LUC, incl. peat emissions)
Cultivation, harvesting of oil palm and processing of fresh fruit bunches/ technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
Palm oil methyl ester

GLOaggERASM

Paper and board (water 0%) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
15.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Paper and board (water 0%) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
15.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Paper waste on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment and without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Net calorific value 15 MJ/kg

EU-28p-aggSphera

Paperbacked aluminium foil - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

USu-soSphera

Paperbacked aluminium foil - scrap credit (open loop)
market average ;
production mix, at plant

EU-15u-soSphera

Parking area, asphaltic
excavation, asphalt production, installation with construction machines ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
all layer's thickness 47 cm (18 ...

DEaggSphera

Parking area, paved
excavation, cement clinker production, installation with construction machines ;
production mix, at customer, installed ;
all layer's thickness 47 cm (20 ...

DEaggSphera

Particle board
P5 (V100) ;
production mix, at plant ;
7,8% water content

EU-28aggSphera

Particle board
P2 (Standard FPY) ;
production mix, at plant ;
7,8% water content

EU-28aggSphera

Particle board
Average/Typical

RNAaggCORRIM

Particle board in municipal waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
14.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Particle board in municipal waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
14.6 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 19 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
13.6 kg/m2 at 10% moisture content (dry bas...

AUaggFWPA

Particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 22 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
15.9 kg/m2 at 9% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Particleboard, flooring (tongue & groove), 25 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
18.3 kg/m2 at 9% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Particleboard, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m2 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Particleboard, moisture resistant (MR), E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m2 at 7% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 16 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
10.6 kg/m2 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Particleboard, standard, E1, melamine coated, 18 mm (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
11.8 kg/m2 at 7% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Passenger car (medium, gasoline, 1 piece)
construction of a passenger car ;
single route, at plant ;
material quantities adjustable

GLOu-soSphera

Passenger car, average, Euro 3-5, engine size from 1.4l up to >2l
technology mix, gasoline and diesel driven, Euro 3-5, passenger car ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
engine size from 1.4l up to >2l

GLOaggSphera

Paste production 2015
production of Søderberg paste briquettes ;
single route, at plant ;
containing pitch and calcined petrol coke

GLOu-soIAI

PCC dry
Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC) - dry, uncoated, with a CaCO3 content of 98% or more, a median particle size ranging typically from 1 to 3 µm, ready to be shipped either in bulk or bags. Production at plant. ;
Production at plant ;
None

RERaggCCA/ELCD

PCC slurry
Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC) - slurry, uncoated, with a solid content ranging from 15% to 40% in the slurry, a CaCO3 content of 98% or more, a median particle size ranging typically from 0.3 to 3 µm, ready to be shipped as slurry. Production at plant. ;
Production at plant ;
none

RERaggCCA/ELCD

Pecan lumber, 1 inch (737 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
737 kg/m3, 1 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Pecan lumber, 2 inch (737 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
737 kg/m3, 2 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

Pecan lumber, 4 inch (737 kg/m3), kiln-dried (7% moisture content, 6.5% H2O content)
rough-sawn, kiln-dried hardwood lumber ;
production mix, at port ;
737 kg/m3, 4 inch thickness, 7% moisture conten...

USaggSphera/AHEC

PE-HD with PP fleece for sealing (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
PE-HD with PP fleece

EU-28aggSphera

Pellet boiler < 20 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Pellet boiler < 20 kW (EN15804 B6)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
< 20 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Pellet boiler < 20 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Pellet boiler < 20kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Pellet boiler < 20kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Pellet boiler 20 - 120 kW (EN15804 D)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Pellet boiler 20-120 kW (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 piece

EU-28p-aggSphera

Pellet boiler 20-120 kW (EN15804 B6)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
20-120 kW

EU-28aggSphera

Pellet boiler 20-120 kW (EN15804 C3)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Pellet boiler 20-120 kW (EN15804 C4)
End of Life ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
1 piece

EU-28aggSphera

Pelletizing and compounding
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Pelletizing and compounding

DEu-soSphera

PE-PP fleece (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
PE-PP fleece

EU-28aggSphera

Perlite (grain size 0/1) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 0/1

EU-28aggSphera

Perlite (Grain size 0/3) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Grain size 0/3

EU-28aggSphera

PET, bottle grade, at plant
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

PET/wool 70/30 seat cover (fleece laminated; 10 sqm)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
10 sqm

DEaggSphera

Petroleum coke at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
31 MJ/kg net calorific value

GBaggSphera

Petroleum coke at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
31 MJ/kg net calorific value

BRaggSphera

Petroleum coke at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
31 MJ/kg net calorific value

USaggSphera

Petroleum coke at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
31 MJ/kg net calorific value

INaggSphera

Petroleum coke at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
31 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28aggSphera

Petroleum coke at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
31 MJ/kg net calorific value

JPaggSphera

Petroleum coke at refinery
from crude oil ;
production mix, at refinery ;
31 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEaggSphera

Phenol
Hock Process, oxidation of cumene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.07 g/cm3, 94 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Phenol
Hock Process, oxidation of cumene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.07 g/cm3, 94 g/mol

ITaggSphera

Phenol
Hock Process, oxidation of cumene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.07 g/cm3, 94 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Phenol
purified, toluene oxidation and distillation ;
single route, at plant ;
1.07 g/cm3, 94 g/mol

NLaggSphera

Phosphoric acid (H3PO4, 54% P2O5)
acid digestion of phosphate rock, including primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
54 %

EU-28aggFertilizers Europe

Pine log with bark (79% moisture; 44% H2O content)
refostered managed forest ;
production mix, to saw mill ;
79% moisture / 44% water content

DEaggSphera

Pipeline (diameter 350 - 500 mm, 1 m length = 127 kg)
pipeline construction ;
single route, at plant ;
diameter 350 - 500 mm, 1 m length = 127 kg, mate...

GLOu-soSphera

Pipeline (diameter 500 - 700 mm, 1 m length = 244 kg)
pipeline construction ;
single route, at plant ;
diameter 500 - 700 mm, 1 m length = 244 kg, mate...

GLOu-soSphera

Pipeline (diameter 700 - 1000 mm, 1 m length = 365 kg)
pipeline construction ;
single route, at plant ;
diameter 700 - 1000 mm, 1 m length = 365 kg, mat...

GLOu-soSphera

Pipeline average
technology mix, electricity driven, cargo ;
consumption mix

GLOu-soSphera

Pipeline, gradient 0m/km / 0.4-0.6m
technology mix, electricity driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
gradient 0m/km / 0.4-0.6m

GLOu-soSphera

Pipeline, gradient 0m/km / 0.7-1m
technology mix, electricity driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
gradient 0m/km / 0.7-1m

GLOu-soSphera

Pipeline, gradient 4m/km / 0.4-0.6m
technology mix, electricity driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
gradient 4m/km / 0.4-0.6m

GLOu-soSphera

Pipeline, gradient 4m/km / 0.7-1m
technology mix, electricity driven, cargo ;
consumption mix ;
gradient 4m/km / 0.7-1m

GLOu-soSphera

Plane (cargo) incl. fuel, 65 t payload
technology mix, kerosene driven, cargo ;
production mix, at plant ;
65 t payload

EU-28aggSphera

Plastic extrusion profile (unspecific)
technology mix ;
single route, at plant

GLOu-soSphera

Plastic Film (PE, PP, PVC)
single route, at plant ;
PE, PP, PVC

GLOu-soSphera

Plastic granulate secondary (low metal contamination)
from post-consumer plastic waste, via grinding, metal separation, washing, pelletization ;
production mix, at plant ;
plastic waste with low metal fraction

EU-28p-aggSphera

Plastic injection moulding (parameterized)
single route, at plant

GLOu-soSphera

Plastic packaging in municipal waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
36.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Plastic packaging in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
36.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Plastic waste on landfill
landfill including landfill gas utilisation and leachate treatment and without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific sites), ... ;
Landfill height 30 m, landfill...

EU-28aggSphera

Plug (PA6) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
200mm

EU-28aggSphera

Plug (PE) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
135mm

EU-28aggSphera

Plug (PP) (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
131mm

EU-28aggSphera

Plywood board (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
5% moisture

EU-28aggSphera

Plywood, exterior, A-bond, 7 mm (bracing) (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
3.45 kg/m2 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Plywood, exterior, A-bond, 9 mm (structural) (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
4.44 kg/m2 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 15 mm (residential) (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
7.40 kg/m2 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Plywood, flooring (tongue & groove), A-bond, 25 mm (commercial) (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
12.3 kg/m2 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Plywood, formply, A-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
8.75 kg/m2 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Plywood, formply, B-bond, 17 mm (formwork) (EN 15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
9.28 kg/m2 at 8% moisture content (dry basi...

AUaggFWPA

Polyacrylonitrile Fibres (PAN)
Polymerization, dissolving, spinning ;
single route, at plant ;
PAN without additives, 53 g/mol, 29 MJ/kg net ca...

EU-28aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6 GF30 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
21.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6 GF30 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
21.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
32.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
32.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6.6 GF30 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
21.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6.6 GF30 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
21.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6.6 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
32.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polyamide (PA) 6.6 in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
32.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polyamide 6 (PA6)
1 kg of primary PA6 “at gate” (production site output) representing a European industry production average, in pellet form. ;
Europe-27 ;
PA6 can be extruded, granulated and moulded in a wide range o...

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Polyamide 6 fibres (PA 6)
spinning of polyamide and epoxy resin ;
production mix, at plant ;
113 g/mol per repeating unit, 32 MJ/kg net cal...

DEaggSphera

Polyamide 6.6 (PA6.6)
1 kg of primary PA6.6 “at gate” (production site output) representing a European industry production average, in pellet form ;
Europe-27 ;
PA6.6 can be processed via extrusion, injection moulding and ...

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Polyamide 6.6 fibres (PA 6.6)
from adipic acid and hexamethylene diamine (HMDA) ;
production mix, at plant ;
PA 6.6 granulate without additives, 32 MJ/kg n...

EU-28aggSphera

Polyamide 6.6 granulate (PA 6.6) (HMDA from butadiene)
polycondensation of hexamethylene diamine and adipic acid, HMDA from butadiene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.14 g/cm3, 226.32 g/mol per repeating unit, 3...

DEaggSphera

Polyamide 6.6 Granulate (PA 6.6) Mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1.14 g/cm3, 226.32 g/mol per repeating uni...

DEaggSphera

Polybutadiene (PB) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
41.6 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polybutadiene (PB) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
41.6 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polycarbonate
Technology mix, dipenyl carbonate route and phosgene route ;
production mix, at producer ;
31 MJ net calorific value

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Polycarbonate (PC) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
29.6 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polycarbonate (PC) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
29.6 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polycarbonate Granulate (PC)
durable material, posgenation of Bisphenol A ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.22 g/cm3

DEaggSphera

Polyester Resin (unsaturated) (UP)
esterification and polymerization, from propylene glycol, phthalic anhydride and styrene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.22 to 1.38 g/cm3

DEaggSphera

Polyether polyol
addition of propylene oxide and ethylene oxide ;
production mix, at plant ;
5000 g/mol

FRaggSphera

Polyether polyol
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polyethylene (HDPE/PE-HD) blow moulding
blow moulding ;
single route, at plant ;
PE-HD

DEu-soSphera

Polyethylene (PE) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
43.5 MJ/kg MJ/kg net calorific...

DEp-aggSphera

Polyethylene (PE) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
43.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polyethylene bottle (PE-HD)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polyethylene bottle (PE-LD)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polyethylene Cross-Linked (PEXa)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Cross- linked polyethylene

DEaggSphera

Polyethylene film (PE-LD)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polyethylene foam (EN15804 A1-A3)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
30 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Polyethylene High Density Granulate (HDPE/PE-HD)
polymerisation of ethylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

DEaggSphera

Polyethylene High Density Granulate (HDPE/PE-HD) Mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
0.93 to 0.97 g/cm3, 43 MJ net calorific va...

DEaggSphera

Polyethylene high density granulate (PE-HD)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant

RERp-aggELCD/PlasticsEurope

Polyethylene Linear Low Density Granulate (LLDPE/PE-LLD)
Polymerisation of ethylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

EU-28aggSphera

Polyethylene Low Density Granulate (LDPE/PE-LD)
polymerisation of ethylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

DEaggSphera

Polyethylene low linear density granulate (PE-LLD)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant

RERp-aggELCD/PlasticsEurope

Polyethylene pipe (PE-HD)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
21.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
22.2 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate bottle grade granulate (PET) via PTA
via purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and ethylene glycol ;
single route, at plant ;
1.38 g/cm3, 192.17 g/mol per repeating unit

EU-28aggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate bottle grade granulate (PET) via PTA
via purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and ethylene glycol ;
single route, at plant ;
1.38 g/cm3, 192.17 g/mol per repeating unit

DEaggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate fibres (PET)
esterification of dimethyl terephthalate with ethylene glycol ;
single route, at plant ;
1.38 g/cm3, 192.17 g/mol per repeating unit

EU-28aggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate fibres (PET)
esterification of dimethyl terephthalate with ethylene glycol ;
single route, at plant ;
1.38 g/cm3, 192.17 g/mol per repeating unit

DEaggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate granulate (PET via DMT)
from dimethyl terephthalate and ethylene glycol ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.38 g/cm3, 192.17 g/mol

DEaggSphera

Polyethylene, HDPE, granulate
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Polyethylene, LDPE, granulate
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Polyethylene, LLDPE, granulate
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Polyisocyanurate (PIR high-density foam)
from methylene diisocyanate and polyester polyol ;
production mix, at plant ;
hard foam

EU-28aggSphera

Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
25.1 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
25.1 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polymethylmethacrylate granulate (PMMA)
bulk polymerisation, from methyl methacrylate ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.18 g/cm3, 24 MJ net calorific value

DEaggSphera

Polymethylmethacrylate sheet (PMMA)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polyoxymethylene (POM)
1 kg of primary POM “at gate” (production site output) representing a European industry production average, in pellet form ;
Europe-27 ;
Used mainly in automotive and electronics applications, POM r...

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Polypropylene (PP) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
43.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polypropylene (PP) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
43.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polypropylene / Ethylene Propylene Diene Elastomer Granulate (PP/EPDM, TPE-O) Mix
Production from propene and ethene in gas phase ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
40% ethylene content

DEaggSphera

Polypropylene fibers (PP)
crude oil based ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives

EU-28aggSphera

Polypropylene film (PP)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
extended PP

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polypropylene GMT part
hot rolling, from polypropylene and glass fibres ;
production mix, at plant ;
30% glass fibre content

DEaggSphera

Polypropylene granulate (PP) mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
0.86 to 0.95 g/cm3, 43 MJ net calorific va...

DEaggSphera

Polypropylene injection moulding part (PP)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polypropylene, PP, granulate
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Polystyrene (PS) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
39.6 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polystyrene (PS) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
39.6 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polystyrene granulate (PS)
polymerisation of styrene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.05 g/cm3, 104.15 g/mol per repeating unit

DEaggSphera

Polystyrene granulate (PS) mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1.05 g/cm3, 104.15 g/mol per repeating unit

DEaggSphera

Polystyrene High Impact Granulate (HI-PS) Mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
1.05 g/cm3, 104.15 g/mol per repeating unit

DEaggSphera

Polystyrene part (PS)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
thermoformed

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polystyrene, incineration in MWI (EN15804 C3)
End of Life, incineration ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
PS incineration

EU-28aggSphera

Polystyrene, incineration in MWI (EN15804 D)
End of Life, incineration credits ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
PS incineration

EU-28aggSphera

Polyurethane (PU) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
25.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polyurethane (PU) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
25.5 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polyurethane flexible foam (PU) - MDI-based, no flame retardant
reaction of MDI with long-chain polyether polyol and foaming ;
production mix, at producer ;
density 45 to 53 kg/m³ - hardness 2.1 to 4 ...

EU-28aggEUROPUR

Polyurethane flexible foam (PU) - TDI-based, no flame retardant, high density
reaction of TDI with long-chain polyether polyol and foaming ;
production mix, at producer ;
density 35 to 40kg/m³ - hardness 3.8 to 5 k...

EU-28aggEUROPUR

Polyurethane flexible foam (PU) - TDI-based, no flame retardant, low density
reaction of TDI with long-chain polyether polyol and foaming ;
production mix, at producer ;
density 18 to 25 kg/m³ - hardness 2.5 to 4 ...

EU-28aggEUROPUR

Polyurethane flexible foam (PU) - TDI-based, with flame retardant
reaction of TDI with long-chain polyether polyol and foaming ;
production mix, at producer ;
density 40 to 54 kg/m³ - hardness 3.5 to 5....

EU-28aggEUROPUR

Polyurethane rigid foam (PU)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
18.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

DEp-aggSphera

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in waste incineration plant
waste-to-energy plant with dry flue gas treatment, without collection, transport and pre-treatment ;
production mix (region specific plants),... ;
18.0 MJ/kg net calorific value

EU-28p-aggSphera

Polyvinyl chloride film (PVC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polyvinyl chloride granulate (Suspension, S-PVC)
polymerisation of vinyl chloride ;
production mix, at plant ;
62 g/mol per repeating unit, 16.75 MJ/kg net c...

BEaggSphera

Polyvinyl chloride granulate (Suspension; S-PVC) mix
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
62 g/mol per repeating unit, 16.75 MJ/kg n...

DEaggSphera

Polyvinyl chloride sheet (PVC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polyvinyl chloride, from emulsion process, E-PVC
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Polyvinyl chloride, from suspension process, S-PVC
production mix, at plant

EU-28aggPlasticsEurope

Polyvinylchloride injection moulding part (PVC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope

Polyvinylchloride pipe (PVC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer

RERaggPlasticsEurope